Project

AVAILABILITY OF TEACHERS AND LABORATORY FACILITIES FOR EFFECTIVE TEACHING AND LEARNING OF BIOLOGY IN SECONDARY SCHOOLS

AVAILABILITY OF TEACHERS AND LABORATORY FACILITIES FOR EFFECTIVE TEACHING AND LEARNING OF BIOLOGY IN SECONDARY SCHOOLS

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TABLE OF CONTENTS

CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION

1.1    Background to the Study

1.2    Statement of the Problem

1.3    Objectives of the Study

1.4    Significance of the Study

1.5    Research Questions

1.6    Limitation of the Study

1.7    Delimitation of the Study

1.8    Definition of Terms

 

CHAPTER TWO: REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE

CHAPTER THREE: RESEARCH METHOD

3.1    Area of the study

3.2    Research design

3.3    Population of the study

3.4    Sample and sampling technique

3.5    Research instrument

3.6    Validation of the instrument

3.7    Administration of the instrument

3.8.   Method of data analysis

 

CHAPTER FOUR: DATA ANALYSIS AND DISCUSSION OF FINDING

4.1    Data Analysis

4.2    Discussion of the findings

 

CHAPTER FIVE: SUMMARY, RECOMMENDATIONS AND CONCLUSION

5.1    Summary

5.2    Recommendations

5.3    Conclusion

References

Appendix

 

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.1   Background to the Study

Obviously, science involves regular hands on practical work for learners to develop scientific literacy to face global challenges. Moreover, the National Policy on Education (FME, 2004) states that science education shall emphasize the teaching of science process and principle. This will lead to fundamental and applied research in science at all levels of education. When laboratory facilities are appropriately utilized, they bring about more effectiveness in teaching and learning process, but this depends on teachers’ ability to use such facilities effectively (Ughamadu; 2012).

In the study of Biology as an integral branch of science, the facilities and equipments which students were exposed to remain crucial to the achievement made by them. The facilities and equipment here referred to infrastructures, manpower and laboratory equipment, all of which make learning fruitful and rewarding. For the past three decades, there has been tremendous increase in the number of students’ enrolment in biology when compared to other science subjects (Milgwa, 2010).

 

According to Ogunkola and Olatoye (2014) practical work is the back-bone of effective science teaching and learning. Alebiosu cited in Ogunkoya and Olatoye (2014) opined that science is experimentation and its teaching specially focuses on making students learn through the working of hands, brain and the heart. Various studies on the methodology of science teaching such as inquiry, discovery and process approach. Have shown that students learn more from science lesson by doing rather than by observation. The availability of teachers and laboratory facilities for effective teaching and learning of biology in secondary schools.

 

According to Ogunkola and Olatoye (2014) enhancing better understanding of products and process of science cannot be overemphasized and also added that the practical nature of biology is commonly regarded as an important source of pupils’ motivation.

Furthermore, Nwankwo (2012) said that teaching of biology involves three major domains of educational objectives namely cognitive, affective and psychomotor. He said teachers of biology mostly emphasize on cognitive domain at the expense of the other two domains. The development of psychomotor domain involves practical activities which require laboratory facilities and equipments.

 

In addition, Mustapha (2012) stated that practical work in school science provides learners. With opportunities to use scientific equipments to develop basic manipulative or inquiry activities and develop problem-solving attitudes needed for future work in science.

Etukudo (2014) opined that laboratory method of teaching is presumed to be capable of fully involving the individual learner in the learning and teaching activities as well as helps to remove individual differences and absent mindedness. The availability of teachers and laboratory facilities for effective teaching and learning of biology in secondary schools.

He added that laboratory offers singular privilege of manipulating apparatus or teaching aids to every student to obtain a desirable result. Also he said that the use of instructional materials which laboratory techniques offer, enhance better understanding of the curriculum content.

 

Kuth in Etukudo (2014) said that experimentation and laboratory teaching are good pedagogy for discovery learning and mastering of abstract skills as well as building up of low ability learners.

 

Ige (2010) noted that biology teacher is an indispensable human resource who has a vital role to play in utilization of all other resources and therefore must be aware of various types of facilities available.

However, Ivowi (2011) observed that lack of science teaching equipments in our laboratories is one of the major problems facing science teaching in Nigeria. Based on the nature of biology and the teaching of the subject.  Abdulrahman (2010) believes that practicing biology teachers. Who are not trained within the scientifically rich environments or moderately rich biology environment. Do not have the capacity to utilize any available resources or improvise in the absence of such resources.

 

AVAILABILITY OF TEACHERS AND LABORATORY FACILITIES FOR EFFECTIVE TEACHING AND LEARNING OF BIOLOGY IN SECONDARY SCHOOLS

1.2 Statement of the Problem.

Many secondary schools claim to offer science subjects, but a visit to these schools reveals that some of them only offer science subjects but they have no laboratories not to talk of laboratory facilities. This may be due to negligence, lack of manpower or unqualified teachers to handle the facilities.

 

The problem of non-availability of laboratory facilities for effective teaching of Biology in our secondary schools persists thereby giving rise to poor academic performances, as discussion and lecture methods of teaching have been dominating the teaching and learning activities where students need to do practical work (Abdulrahaman, 2010).

Based on this, he opined that students always perform very poor in the practical part of their examination thereby leading to poor academic performance in science courses. The study therefore seeks to examine the availability of teachers/laboratory facilities on teaching of Biology in secondary schools.

 

1.3 Purpose of the study

The main purpose of this study was to examine the availability of teachers and laboratory facilities for effective teaching and learning of Biology in secondary schools.

Specifically, the study sought to:

  1. Ascertain the effect of availability of Biology teachers on the learning of Biology in secondary schools
  2. Ascertain the influence of availability of Biology laboratory facilities on the teaching of Biology in secondary schools.

 

1.4 significance of the study

The findings of this research work will be of great benefit to the society in the following ways:

It provides administrators, school principals and science teachers with necessary information on the importance of laboratory facilities in the teaching and learning of science. These will also enhance maximum utilization of laboratory facilities by the teachers and their students. Furthermore, the findings would improve the performance of the students in Biology through the utilization of laboratory facilities and also upgrade them for further studies in science. The availability of teachers and laboratory facilities for effective teaching and learning of biology in secondary schools.

In addition, the outcome of the research will develop both scientific process and attitudes in the students. Also, it will also help the curriculum planners to lay more emphasizes on the needs for availability of laboratory facilities. Also, equipments as major tools in learning science in order to enhance teaching and learning process in this country.

 

Furthermore, it will also stimulate the curriculum planners and administrators of schools to organize seminars and workshops for the teachers in order to expose or widen their knowledge on how to utilize and manipulate the available laboratory facilities and equipment instead of allowing insects and cobwebs to be in charge. Lastly, it will also encourage students to practice science through science exhibition, projects and competition among different levels.

 

 

1.5 Research Questions

The following research questions were raised to guide the study.

  1. To what extent does the availability of Biology teachers affect the learning of Biology in secondary schools?
  2. To what extent does the availability of Biology laboratory facilities affect the teaching of Biology in secondary schools ?

1.6   Limitation of the Study

The limitations for this work were that of duration since the period of the research was during the researcher’s engagement in other academic work.

 

1.7  Definition of Terms

Laboratory: This is a place equipped and used for explanation to scientific laws and theories are verified, proven and explain to students while teaching Biology.

Laboratory Facilities: These are the non-human resources (equipment and apparatuses) which are used by teachers in the provision of explanation to scientific laws and theories while teaching Biology in the laboratory.

Teaching: This is the act of helping people to learn effectively.

Biology: This is the study of plants and animal.

 

CONCLUSION

The study has carefully examined the availability of teachers/laboratory facilities on teaching/learning of Biology in secondary schools. It is therefore ascertained in the study that the availability teachers/laboratory facilities influences the teaching/learning of Biology in Secondary Schools.

 

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Joselyn Nya

My Name is Joselyn Nya A Publisher in Project Boss Team. I'm a Nigerian I'm a graduate/Educational Researcher. Project Boss Team. We are the best for Project materials and project writing services. Email: admin@projectboss.com.ng

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