Research Proposals

SOCIETAL PERCEPTION AND GIRL CHILD PARTICIPATION IN SPORTING ACTIVITIES IN SECONDARY SCHOOLS

SOCIETAL PERCEPTION AND GIRL CHILD PARTICIPATION IN SPORTING ACTIVITIES IN SECONDARY SCHOOLS

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TABLE OF CONTENTS

TITLE PAGE

CERTIFICATION

DEDICATION

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

ABSTRACT

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

CHAPTER ONE – INTRODUCTION

1.1     Background to the Study

1.2     Statement of the Problem

1.3     Purpose of the Study

1.4     Research Questions

 

1.5     Significance of the Study

1.6     Limitation of the Study

1.7     Delimitation of the Study

1.8     Definition of Terms

 

CHAPTER TWO – REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE

CHAPTER THREE – RESEARCH METHODOLOGY        

3.1     Area of the Study

3.2     Research Design

3.3     Population of the Study

3.4     Sample and Sampling Technique

 

3.5     Instrument for Data Collection

3.6     Validation of the Instrument

3.7     Administration of the Instrument

3.8     Method of Data Analysis

 

CHAPTER FOUR – DATA ANALYSIS AND DISCUSSION OF FINDINGS

4.1     presentation analysis of Data

4.2     Discussion of Findings

 

CHAPTER FIVE – SUMMARY, RECOMMENDATIONS AND CONCLUSION

5.1     Summary

5.2     Conclusion

5.3     Recommendations

References

Appendix

 

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.1    Background to the Study

Participation in sporting activities has remained an important behavioural life style for promoting and maintaining recreational experience, social and psychological wellbeing, and physical health. Sporting activities has become so important globally that it has increasingly attracted the interest of many government of the world (Daskapan, 2022). As a result, participation in many countries of the world has been made mandatory for female (Ansari 2014). Also in many establishments such as secondary schools, certain periods are set out to enable students to participate in sporting activities of their choice.

Sporting activities is any form of physical activities that is specially planned, structured, and repetitive, such as football (Sofi, 2018). Also, sporting activities, is an activities that get one’s body moving which enables the respiratory organ to undergo some physiological changes (National Institute of Health, 2021).

 

SOCIETAL PERCEPTION AND GIRL CHILD PARTICIPATION IN SPORTING ACTIVITIES IN SECONDARY SCHOOLS

In addition, sporting activities is defined as a systematic process of repetitively programmed exercise or work involving acclimatization, conditioning, repetitive performance exercise for development, and maintenance of physical fitness that enable the individual to cope with the general and specific sporting activities, be it competitive, recreational, causal or emergency activities, it is deliberate movement of any part or the whole of the body for definite purpose (Cliff, 2014).

In brief, this definition implies that sporting activities is for both male and female sporting activities have a lot of influence on and contribution to enhance qualities of life and promote optimum performance and wellness of participants.

However, the societal perception of why a child likes to play sports is to “win”. The society looked at the importance of winning for the child’s perspective and found that it varied with gender and age, but for the majority of younger children, fairness, participation and development of skills ranked above winning. Thus, this imbalance of calories consumed and energy expenditure has contributed to an increased body mass index and obesity in the society. Girl’s participation in sporting activities promotes girls’ children. The societal perception and girl child participation in sporting activities in secondary schools.

 

In additions to promoting movement, girl child participation in sporting activities provides a venue for learning. Practicing and development gross motor skill. Positive health benefits for girl child who participate in sporting activities will reduce risk for developing breast-cancer, heart disease and obesity in the future. Sporting activities decreasing the risk of developing a disease, developing and maintaining aerobic endurances, joint flexibility and muscle strength are important in a comprehensive sporting program, especially as girl age (Macinnis, 2020).

 

Activities such as Walking, Hikiing, star-clim makes someone look younger when performed regularly (Nahas, 2023). There are some factors that influence girl child participation in sporting activities in secondary school, these include demographic variable such as age, gender, religious affixation, attitudes and societal beliefs about sport.

In addition, according to Gorely (2014), gender plays a significant rule in sporting activities. For many Muslim women, for example, aspects of their faith, rules on mixed gender sports and fitness foundation. This has been disapproved beyond reasonable doubt by various researchers, physical activities improves the physical appearance of any individual irrespective of age and gender.

 

Religious affiliation associate women who live under purdar seem to have common practice even in Hindu societies, in which woman either remain in a special part of the house or cover their faces and bodies to avoid being seen by men who are not related to them. If a woman is in purdar, she is likely to live according to his custom in such case; participation in sporting activities will be quite difficult because of the societal belief which may affect her health status (Women Sports and Fitness Foundation, 2019).

Be that as it may, secondary school in Essien Udim Local Government Area should correct the process or design a policy that could harmonies way be when sporting activities can be handled by experts in all the area of endeavours so as to have massive participation. Therefore, the this study investigate the societal perception and girl child participation in sporting activities in secondary schools.

 

1.2    Statement of the Problem

Girl child in secondary schools have shown demonstrable perception about sport. Girl child in secondary schools doesn’t engage in any physical activities in their spare time. More so, many students of today appear not to habitually engage in adequate regular physical activity regimen and that some people may not necessary participate in exercise in spite of the Government policy and availability of physical activities facilities, at their door step.

Understanding the societal perception of girl child participation in sporting activities might help to explain better the motivation or de-motivation of activities participation of non-participation among girl child in secondary school more so, ascertaining the motives that propel groups to exhibit certain activities habits would inevitably provide an important due to formulating effective policy frame work strategy and advocacy for improving girl child participation in sport program. The societal perception and girl child participation in sporting activities in secondary schools.

 

Therefore, the perception whereby gender, parent attitude and religious affiliation influencing girl child participation in sport activities make a researcher to carry out this study on the societal perception and girl child participation in sporting activities in secondary schools.

 

1.3    Purpose of the Study

The main purpose of this study is to examine the societal perception and girl child participation in sporting activities in secondary schools. Specifically, the study seeks to:

  1. Determine the influence of religious affiliation on girl child participation in sporting activities in secondary schools..
  2. Establish the influence of parent attitude on girl child participation in sporting activities in secondary schools.

 

1.4    Research Questions

  1. To what extent does religious affiliation influence girl child participation in sporting activities in secondary schools?
  2. To what extent do parents influence girl child participation in sporting activities in secondary schools?

 

1.5    Significance of the Study

                  The significance of this study are listed below:

  1. Firstly, it will help department of physical and Health Education to know the need of girl child participation in sporting activities. The societal perception and girl child participation in sporting activities in secondary schools.
  2. Secondly, it will help to sensitize female student on the important of sporting activities in their health.
  3. It will enable religious organizations for example Christianity and Muslims preach against laziness and for the body soot to function effectively.

 

1.6    Limitation of the Study

In the course of this research work, the researcher was confronted with the under-listed problems:

  1. Lack of funds considering the status of the researcher
  2. Lack of cooperation by some parent due to inability to read and understand.
  3. Due to bad roads in the study area, the researcher was unable to wider the scope of the study.

 

Definition of Terms

Perception is to understand or think of something or someone in a particular way; free online Dictionary (2012) defined perception as to become aware of directly through any of the senses, especially sight or hearing.

Sporting Activities: Is any form of physical activities that is specially planned, structured repetitive.

Participation: In brief, the act of engaging in sporting activities

 

Conclusion

The study investigated the societal perception and girl child participation in sporting activities in secondary schools. A total of 100 students selected from different public secondary schools through a simple random sampling technique were involved in the study. The societal perception and girl child participation in sporting activities in secondary schools.

Variables which influence girl child participation in sport investigated, were religious perception and parental attitude. It was also found out from the data analysis that societal perceptions significantly influence girl child participation in sporting activities in secondary schools. Though it was found out that girl child participation in sporting activities contributes to the development of their physical, mental and social aspects of their life which also maintain their normal posture.

 

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Peter Hezekiah

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