Project

Utilization of Realia Resources for Teaching and Students Academic Performance in Biology in Secondary Schools

UTILIZATION OF REALIA RESOURCES FOR TEACHING AND STUDENTS ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE IN BIOLOGY IN SECONDARY SCHOOLS

DISCOUNT Sales!!! Get complete material at 45 percent Discount TODAY - Pay 1350 instead of ₦3000. Call/WhatsApp 07068634102

 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

CERTIFICATION

DEDICATION

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT

ABSTRACT

TABLE OF CONTENTS

CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION

1.1 Background to the study

1.2 Statement of the problem

1.3 Purpose of the study

1.4 Research Hypotheses

1.5 Significance of the study

1.6 Delimitation of the Study

1.7 Limitation of the Study

1.8 Operational Definition of Terms

CHAPTER TWO: REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE

 

CHAPTER THREE: RESEARCH METHODOLOGY

3.1  Area of the Study

3.2 Research Design

3.3 Population of the Study

3.4 Sample and Sampling Technique

3.5 Instrumentation

3.6 Validation of Instrument

3.7 Administration of Instrument

3.8 Scoring of  Instrument

3.9 Method of Data Analysis

CHAPTER FOUR: DATA PRESENTATION AND

DISCUSSION OF FINDINGS

4.1 Data presentation  –

4.2    Discussion of Findings

CHAPTER FIVE: SUMMARY, RECOMMENDATIONS

 AND   CONCLUSION 

5.1 Summary

5.2 Conclusions

5.3    Recommendations

5.4    Suggestion for further studies

References

Appendix

 

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

Background to the Study

Above all, Biology is one of the core subjects in senior secondary schools in Nigeria. Hence, an encouragement to learn Biology especially at the senior secondary school (SSS) level is of paramount importance. Indeed, practical work constitutes an integral part of Biology.

Ndu (2017), stated that practical work helps students to learn various skills and gives students a sense of achievement when they themselves make discoveries and arrive at scientific conclusion through their own experiments.

However, relia resources are inevitable in the teaching of practical skills in Biology. Likewise, it makes teaching and learning more meaningful and real. Further, Ige (2018), defined instructional resources as modern science equipment, library, printed materials, projected media, real and stimulated aids, visual and audio visual aids, science resources and school environment.

Wuyep and Agbo (2015), stated that Relia resources include both human activities and materials. However, without human resources, teaching and learning of practical skills in Biology will not take place effectively. On the other hand, human resources will not alone communicate learning.

In addition, the studies by Banu (2012), and Awoyele (2011), have shown that lack of adequate supply of science equipment and improper management and utilization of available equipment in teaching is what leads to low achievement in science.

Furthermore, Soyibo (2016), in his own view states that the poor performance of biology students in schools was attributed to improper utilization of the laboratory equipment by the teachers. Therefore, to reverse the negative trend of this low performance in science, there is need to encourage the science teachers to be more resourceful and use the available materials in teaching and learning of biology.

Thus, shortage of instructional resources in secondary schools is not new. In view of this, the problem of this study is therefore to find out the state of Realia resources and   their utilization in teaching and learning of Biology in secondary schools.

 

Utilization of Realia Resources for Teaching and Students Academic Performance in Biology in Secondary Schools

1.2    Statement of the Problem

Accordingly, the study is motivated by the fact that students do not retain for long or understand what they are taught without effective use of Realia resources. Thus, such learning does not encourage participation and lack interest or stimulation.

It is not based in sense experience nor does it extend their experience. Above all, such learning cannot be permanent because what they see is what they retain most. Yet, there is also evidence of low utilization and non availability of Realia resources in secondary schools.

 

1.3    Purpose of the Study

The purpose of the study was to investigate on the effect of the utilization Relia resources for teaching and students academic performance in Biology in secondary schools, in Ukanafun Local government Area.

 

The study shall base on the following aims:

(i)     Determine the difference in the academic performance of Biology students taught with the use of Relia resources and those taught without the use of Relia resources.

(ii)    Determine the difference in academic performance of male and female Biology students taught with the use of Relia resources.

 

1.4    Research Hypotheses

(i)     There is no significant difference in the academic performance of Biology students taught with the use of Relia resources and those taught without the use of Realia resources.

(ii)    There is no significant difference in the academic performance of male and female Biology students taught with the use of Realia resources.

 

1.5    Significance of the Study

Discoveries from the study will guide teachers, Government, sponsoring bodies and donors on the purchase of not only Realia resources but also other resources for schools for effective teaching and learning.

 

1.6    Limitation of the Study

This study was faced with a number of difficulties such as difficulty in administering of the achievement tests by the researcher on the sample schools, academic work load, financial constraints   and limited time factor.

 

1.7    Definition of Terms on the Study

                The following terms are defined as used in the study

Realia Resources: These are real or concrete materials that are carefully or skillfully used in the teaching and leaning of Biology in secondary schools.

Utilization of Realia Resources: This is how Realia resources are used by teachers for the teaching of Biology.

Academic Performance: It is the actual Grade or marks or scores required by the students in test, examination and assignment which indicate their performance on that particular subject (Biology).

Biology: This is the study of life, or the study of plants and animals.

Joselyn Nya

My Name is Joselyn Nya A Publisher in Project Boss Team. I'm a Nigerian I'm a graduate/Educational Researcher. Project Boss Team. We are the best for Project materials and project writing services. Email: admin@projectboss.com.ng

Related Articles

Back to top button
Open chat
1
Scan the code
Hello 👋
Welcome to projectboss 24/7customer services.