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THE BIBLICAL EXAMINATION OF FACTORS RESPONSIBLE FOR THE DIVISION IN THE CHURCHES

THE BIBLICAL EXAMINATION OF FACTORS RESPONSIBLE FOR THE DIVISION IN THE CHURCHES

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ABSTRACT

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.1 BACKGROUND TO THE STUDY

1.2 STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM

1.3 OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY

1.4 SCOPE/LIMITATIONS OF THE STUDY

1.5 SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY

1.6 DEFINITION OF TERMS

CHAPTER TWO

LITERATURE REVIEW

2.0 Introduction

2.1 Introduction of Pentecostal churches in Nigeria

2.2 Introduction of Protestant churches in Nigeria

2.3         Theological teachings of Pentecostal Churches on unity in Nigeria

2.4 Theological teachings of Protestant Churches on unity in Nigeria

2.5 Effects of divisions on Churches

 

CHAPTER THREE

ESTABLISHMENT, GROWTH AND DEVELOPMENT OF PENTECOSTAL AND PROTESTANT CHURCHES

3.0 Introduction

3.1 Establishment of Pentecostal churches

3.2 Establishment of Protestant churches

3.3 Growth of Pentecostal Churches

3.4 Growth of Protestant Churches

3.5 Development of Pentecostal Churches

3.6 Development of Protestant Churches

 

CHAPTER FOUR

 FACTORS RESPONSIBLE FOR THE DIVISION IN THE CHURCHES IN NIGERIA

CHAPTER FIVE

SUMMARY, CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATIONS

 

5.1 Summary

5.2 Conclusion

5.3 Recommendations

 

ABSTRACT

The main purpose of this study was on the biblical examination of factors responsible for the division in the churches. Ever since the coming of Christianity into Nigeria up to this time, the growth of Christian worshippers and the establishment of churches has being on an increase. In this research work, the introduction of Pentecostal and Protestant churches in Nigeria was examined. This research explores some of the theological themes that became the turning point of Christianity, the theological teachings of Pentecostal and Protestant Churches on unity in Nigeria were reviewed as well as the effects of divisions on Churches.

The Establishment, Growth and Development of Pentecostal and protestant churches was reviewed. The Church of Jesus is increasing in division instead of unity. Therefore, this study sought established the factors responsible for divisions among Pentecostal and Protestant churches. The causes of division of Protestant and Pentecostal in Nigeria are diverse and varied ranging from leadership ambition to numerous other factors which we have classified it into political, economic, social and spiritual factors.

 

THE BIBLICAL EXAMINATION OF FACTORS RESPONSIBLE FOR THE DIVISION IN THE CHURCHES

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.1 BACKGROUND TO THE STUDY

The Christian Church, since its inception, has been characterized by both unity and division. Despite its foundational principles of love, peace, and unity, historical and contemporary records reveal a complex tapestry of theological disputes, doctrinal disagreements, and schisms that have fractured the Body of Christ. Understanding the background of these divisions requires an exploration of various historical, theological, social, and cultural factors.

Historically, the Christian Church has experienced major divisions, often referred to as schisms, which have led to the formation of distinct denominations. One of the earliest and most significant schisms occurred in the 11th century with the Great Schism between the Eastern Orthodox Church and the Roman Catholic Church, resulting from theological and political differences. This division had far-reaching implications for the religious and political landscape of Europe and beyond.

Subsequent centuries witnessed further divisions within both the Eastern and Western branches of Christianity, as well as the emergence of new movements and denominations during the Protestant Reformation of the 16th century. The Protestant Reformation itself was sparked by theological disagreements, particularly regarding the authority of the Church and the interpretation of Scripture, leading to the formation of Protestant denominations separate from the Catholic Church.

Without a doubt, the purpose of God is for us to be united. In the Bible, numerous authors promote peace in the body of Christ. In Ephesians 2:19-22: Now therefore ye are no longer foreigners and strangers, but fellow-citizens of the saints, and of the household of God; and are founded upon the base of the apostles and prophets, Jesus Christ himself being the chief corner stone; upon which all the construction of the holy temple in the Lord, in which ye are all built together for a dwelling place of God by the Holy Ghost, is built. And Romans 15:5-6 says now May the God of patience and consolation grant you to be like one another, according to Christ Jesus: that with one spirit you may glorify God, also the Father of our Lord Jesus Christ.

Ezekiel 37:17: and they shall be joined one to another in one stick; and they shall be one in thy hand. That is why Jesus prayed in John 17 for his disciples to become united. He prayed in verses 20-23, “I pray not only for these, but also for those who trust in Me by their word; that they may all be one; even as You, Father, are in Me and I in You that they may also be in Us that the world may believe that You have sent Me.

The glory which You have given Me I have given them, that they may be one just as We are one; I in them, and You in Me, that they may be perfected in peace, that the world may know that You have sent Me, and have loved them, even as You have loved Me.” This prayer he made centred not only on the eleven surviving disciples, but also on others who would enter discipleship through their ministry (Britney; 1994). The Bible lets us know that Jesus Christ credits his apostles with the numbers that will be made.

 

The primary concern Jesus expresses at this time of his impending death is the issue of unity among the disciples as their unity will most definitely be a vital prerequisite for their subsequent mission (Jessica; 2004). Disunity and division are threats found among the members of the Body especially as the Church increases and grows in numbers.

As Christ is definitely supplicating the Father with references to God and himself, it is clear the unity herein described is more transcendent than that of “simply human fellowship or the harmonious interaction of Christians” (Ebere; 1970). The external expression of this unity is to be the evangel of the Church to the world, which attests to the sending of Christ by the Father.

Joselyn Nya

My Name is Joselyn Nya A Publisher in Project Boss Team. I'm a Nigerian I'm a graduate/Educational Researcher. Project Boss Team. We are the best for Project materials and project writing services. Email: admin@projectboss.com.ng

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