Research Proposals

VISUAL MATERIAL UTILIZATION AND ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE OF STUDENTS IN BIOLOGY

VISUAL MATERIAL UTILIZATION AND ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE OF STUDENTS IN BIOLOGY IN UYO LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA

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TABLE OF CONTENTS

CONTENTS                                             

Title Page

Certification

Dedication

Acknowledgements

Abstract

Table of Contents

CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION

1.1    Background to the Study

1.2    Statement of the Problem

1.3    Purpose of the Study

1.4    Significance of the Study

1.5    Research Hypotheses

1.6    Limitation of the Study

1.7    Delimitation of the Study

1.8    Definition of Terms

CHAPTER TWO:  REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE

2.1    Conceptual Framework

2.2    Empirical Studies

2.4    Summary of Review of Literature

 

CHAPTER THREE:  RESEARCH METHODS

3.1    Area of the Study

3.2    Research Design

3.3    Population of the Study

3.4    Sample and Sampling Technique

3.5    Instrument for data Collection

3.6    Validation of the Instrument

3.7    Administration of the Instruments

3.8    Method of Data Analyzed

CHAPTER FOUR:  DATA ANALYSIS, AND DISCUSSION OF FINDINGS

4.1    Data Analysis

4.2    Discussion of Findings

CHAPTER FIVE:  SUMMARY, RECOMMENDATIONS AND CONCLUSION

5.1   Summary

5.2    Recommendations

5.3    Conclusion

5.4    Suggestion for further Study

References

Appendix

 

CERTIFICATION

This is to certify that this research work titled “Visual material utilization and academic performance of students in Biology in Uyo Local Government Area” was carried out in the department of Biology/Integrated science under the supervision of:

 

Mrs. Doris  Asuquo      —————–    ————–

Supervisor                         Signature           Date

 

Dr. Samuel R. Osu                   ———-      ————–

Dean school of science                        Signature           Date

 

Dr. (Mrs.) Theresa Ekanem      —————–    ————–

Internal Examiner                       Signature           Date

 

ABSTRACT

The study investigated Visual material utilization and academic performance of students in Biology in Uyo Local Government Area. The study targeted all SS2 Biology students in all the 13 public secondary schools. A total number of three thousand four hundred and twenty one (3,421) students offering Biology constituted the population of the study. Biology performance Test (BPT) was the main instrument for data collection in the study.

The data generated from the study was analyzed using independent t-test. The result from the findings revealed that, the use of instructional chart and realia influence the performance of students in Biology.

 

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.1  Background to the Study

Indeed, visual communication is the most effective way of passing information because the human mind possesses things in image (Brown, 2017). Visual aids/materials arouse the interest of learners and help the teacher to explain the concept easily.

In brief, visual instructional resources are of very vital to the teaching of any subject in the school curriculum. (Iynnade 2014 as cited in Chong 2016).

 

Obviously, learning involves the acquisition of new knowledge, ideas skills, values and experience which enables the individual to modify his/her actions. Moreover, according to Abdu-Raheem 2016 as cited in Akpan and Onoh 2017, for learning to be effective, there is need for the utilization of education inputs.

Therefore, these materials are of great benefits to the teachers as it makes instructions very easy and help to make learning objectives clearer to the learners (Onagilgha and Nnajiofor, 2016).

Specifically, visual materials are resources capable of captivating students’ interest, stimulating their desire in learning and making them participates in the lesson effectively. Furthermore, Matthew and Almat 2013 as cited in Kaswa 2015, asserted that visual materials helps in making learning concrete and real and allow the students to participate in the learning process.

 

VISUAL MATERIAL UTILIZATION AND ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE OF STUDENTS IN BIOLOGY

In brief, example of visual materials  are television, instructional projectors, charts, images real object etc. are designed to impact information to students in the educational process. According to Nsa, (2013) as stated in Nsa and Udo 2013); that development of cognitive and psycho-productive competence in learners has a lot to do with utilization of visual materials.

The utilization of visual materials plays an important role in the teaching and learning process an equally improves the academic performed of the students. Thus, with the use of charts projectors, pictures chalkboard filmstrips among other are major factors for academic success.

Indeed, no nation can afford to neglect science education at any level of education and hope to thrive in any field of human endeavour. Obviously, science education is vital for useful living in any society.

 

Therefore, it is at the Centre for producing resources necessary for socioeconomic, scientific and technological development needed for advancement of any nation (Olatoye & Adekoya, 2017).

 

Furthermore, the utilization of instructional materials are in exhaustible in line with the teachers level of creativity and resourcefulness.

In addition, there are many different types of instructional materials available these days, we have Visual aids, Audio aids and Audio-visual aids. Therefore, visual aids are the ones that appeal to the sense of vision. In brief, examples are pictures, photos, models and charts. Audio aids involve the sense of hearing example of such aids are: radio, tape recorders, audio files and mp3.

 

1.2   Statement of the Problem

The continuous record of students’ poor attitudes towards the study of Biology is a serious problem in the Nigeria educational system, most especially at the secondary school level.

Certainly, many factors have been blame for this among them is unavailability and utilization of instructional materials in the teaching of Biology.  It has become a great concern for researchers, educators and all educational stake-holders over the years.

The act of teaching is fundamentally concerned with passing ideas, skills and attitude from the teacher to the learner. It has been observed that spoken word alone in the communication of ideas is grossly inadequate for learning outcomes. Therefore, this research aimed to determine whether the utilization of visual materials influence the academic performance of students in biology.

 

1.3   Purpose of the Study

Generally, the purpose of this study is to examine the visual material utilization and academic performance of students in Biology in Uyo Local Government Area. To achieve the above general purpose, the study specifically sought to:

  1. Examined the difference in the academic performance of students when instructional charts are utilized in the teaching of Biology.
  2. Determine the difference in the academic performance of students when instructional realia are utilized in the teaching of Biology.

 

1.4 Significance of the Study

Firstly, the study will help young academicians in the field of education by finding research gaps by conducting more researches in field of education.

Also the study will help the government understand and so plan in advance in relation to the provision of visual materials in public secondary schools.

Also, the study will increase awareness of the magnitudes of the problem. Thus, by showing suggestions on how to improve visual materials in public Secondary Schools.

 

1.5   Research Hypotheses 

  1. There is no significant difference in academic performance of students taught Biology with instructional chart from those taught Biology without instructional charts.
  2. There is no significant difference in academic performance of students taught biology with instructional realia from those taught biology without instructional realia.

 

1.6   Limitation of the Study

The limitations for this work were that of time duration since the period of the research was during the researcher’s engagement in other academic work.

 

1.7 Definitions of terms

Visual materials: In brief, these are materials used in the teaching process that helps learners to see clearly the concept been taught.

Academic performance: In brief, this refers to the outcome of learning activities in the school system. Therefore, in this study, it refers to student scores or grades in Biology test or examination.

Biology:  In brief, biology is the study of life (plants and animals).

 

CONCLUSION

In conclusion, visual materials perform such functions as the extension of the range of experience available to the students supplement and complement the teachers’ verbal explanations learning experience richer and providing the teacher with interest into a wide variety of learning activities.

However, the use of the visual materials supplement, clarifies, utilize, emphasize instruction and enhance learning in the process of transmitting knowledge ideas, skills and attitude. Based on the finding, it was concluded that the use of instructional chart influence the academic performance of students in biology and also, the use of instructional pictures/realia influence the performance of students in Biology.

 

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Joselyn Nya

My Name is Joselyn Nya A Publisher in Project Boss Team. I'm a Nigerian I'm a graduate/Educational Researcher. Project Boss Team. We are the best for Project materials and project writing services. Email: admin@projectboss.com.ng

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