THE THEME OF SUPERSTITIOUS BELIEF IN BAYO ADEBOWALE’S FACELESS AND AMMA DARKO’S LONELY DAYS

THE THEME OF SUPERSTITIOUS BELIEF IN BAYO ADEBOWALE’S FACELESS AND AMMA DARKO’S LONELY DAYS 
THE THEME OF SUPERSTITIOUS BELIEF IN BAYO ADEBOWALE’S FACELESS AND AMMA DARKO’S LONELY DAYS 

THE THEME OF SUPERSTITIOUS BELIEF IN BAYO ADEBOWALE’S FACELESS AND AMMA DARKO’S LONELY DAYS 

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TABLE OF CONTENTS

Title Page

Certification

Dedication

Acknowledgments

Abstract

Table of Contents

 

CHAPTER ONE –       INTRODUCTION

1.1    Background to the Study

1.2    Statement of the problem

1.3    Significance of the study

1.4    Purpose of the study

1.5    Scope and Limitation

 

1.6    Research Methodology

1.7    Bio-Data of the Authors

1.7.1 Bayo Adebowale

1.7.2 Amma Darko

  

CHAPTER TWO        –       REVIEW OR RELATED LECTURE

2.1    The Theme of Superstitious Relief in African

Literature

2.2    The theme of superstitious beliefs on the people

 

CHAPTER THREE

3.1    The Theme Os Superstitious Beliefs in Amma Darko’s Faceless

3.2    Discussion of the subject matter of the novel ‘’Faceless’’

3.3    Style and Narrative Techniques In Faceless

3.3.1 Omniscient Narrative Techniques

3.3.2 Biblical Allusion

 

3.3.3  Symbolisms

3.3.4 Language

3.4    Characterization In Amma Darko’s Faceless

3.3.4 Fofo

3.4.2 Maa Tsuru

3.4.3 Nii Kpakpo

3.4.4 Baby T

3.3.5 Onko

 

CHAPTER FOUR

4.1    The Theme of Superstitious Beliefs in Bayo Adebowale’s Lonely Days

4.2    Discussion of the Subject Matter of the Novel “Lonely Days”

4.3    Style and Narrative Techniques in Lonely Day

4.3.1 The Third Person Omniscient

 

4.3.2 Flashback

4.4.3 Symbolism

4.4    Characterisation In Bayo Adebowlae’s

Lonely Days

4.4.1 Yaremi

4.4.2         Atimobi

4.4.3 Alani

4.4.4 Woye

CHAPTER FIVE

5.1    Summary

5.2    Conclusion

5.3   Recommendations

Works Cited

 

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.1   Background to the Study

Without a doubt, superstitious beliefs as we all know is a belief in which a particular events happen in a way that cannot be explained or bring good or bad woman to belief or accept a particular thing. Moreover, in many parts of the African society today, superstition beliefs, humiliation, exploitation and struggle for survival has eaten deep into the heart of the Africans. Thus, this has become an important problem that requires urgent solution

 

However, Bayo Adebowales lonely Days and Amma Darko’s Facaless are exemplified as those texts that expose the vices of superstitious beliefs, humiliation, exploitation and struggle for survival in the domain of the Africans

Without reservation, in regard the Marxists sees the African society has been perpetuated in conflict. In fact, applying this to Bayo Adebowale’s lonely Days and Amma Darko’s Faceless, one will find the work fitting in to the frame work of maxism.

 

THE THEME OF SUPERSTITIOUS BELIEF IN BAYO ADEBOWALE’S FACELESS AND AMMA DARKO’S LONELY DAYS 

In addition, Maxism by a way is derived from German philosopher, Karl Mark whose theory about the African society is a ncall to over flow dictatorship of the Africans or men (the exploiters) and force the women.

Therefore, revolution serves as one of the element of maxism. Specifically, other element includes protest against violence and struggle for survival of all kind.

Furthermore, Adebowale’s lonely Days deflect the physical by the men. In brief, violence is manifested in the work in terms of hunger, poverty, exploitation, humiliation and struggle for survival by men. Also, Yareemi the heroine of the novel serves as a clear victim by the state of superstitious beliefs. The theme of superstitious belief in Bayo Adebowale’s faceless and Amma Darko’s lonely days.

 

Similarly, in Amma Darko’s faceless the heroine of the novel is Baby T which also a victim of superstitious beliefs, exploitation. Baby T is humiliated and beaten by poison (the street boy) because Baby T was flatly refuses to sleep with Onko who looks for public hair, a female vital part as ingredients needed to rejuvenate his business and because of this, poison the street lord beat Baby T to comma. Baby dies as a result of the beating.

Therefore, it is against this back drop that this research work shall examine the theme of superstitious beliefs in Bago Adebowale’s lonely Days and Amma Darko’s faceless.

 

1.2   Statement of the problem

It is quit disheartening and unfortunate to have observed over the years that the African society is still being riddled with superstitious belief, exploitation, in spite of numerous functions performed by literature in our schools system to sanitize the society of these vices.

Moreover, all facet of human society is affected with these vices ranging from the traditional, culture and socio-economic aspect of human lives. Regrettably, the curt of the matter is that so many people in the world today, view superstitious beliefs and exploitation as a necessary shortcut for taking advantage on the widows in a particular family.

Therefore, it is against this background of pervasive exploitation and superstitious beliefs and its effect on the women and the entire society in general that the researcher is wholly committed, to carrying out the research study in order to probe into the literary works with the view to identifying, and exposing how the study of literature in schools can serve as a panacea to superstitious belief and exploitation in our society.

 

1.3   Significance of the Study

The study is significant because of the following reasons.

  • Firstly, it will serve as a panacea to the prevalent problems of superstitious beliefs, humiliation, exploitation, struggle for survival and other vices in our society.
  • Secondly, it will help to promote the interest of the students, teachers, school guidance, counselors and the entire African society in literary studies. The theme of superstitious belief in Bayo Adebowale’s faceless and Amma Darko’s lonely days.

 

  • Furthermore, it will help educational administrators and planners in selecting textbooks that are depleted with moral lessons to learners.
  • It will help the teachers of the subject in the choice of instructional materials for the lesson and also enable them utilize the materials properly.
  • It will help or serve as a stepping stone to students in the department of English and literary studies who may wish to carry out further research on this topic to do so with ease.

 

1.4   Purpose of the study

The main purpose of this study was on the theme of superstitious belief in Bayo Adebowale’s faceless and Amma Darko’s lonely days. Specifically, the study intends to do the following:

  1. Explore, identify and expose the role of literature as a panacea to superstitious beliefs and exploitation.
  2. Enumerate useful criteria for sanitizing the African society of vices such as superstitious beliefs and exploitation.
  3. Examine critically and expose the factors responsible for superstitious beliefs and exploitation in our school and the African society at large.
  4. The study is limited to Address issues and proffer reliable solutions.

 

1.5   SCOPE AND LIMITATION

The study is limited to two prose works by Bayo Adebowale’s lonely Days and Amma Darko’s faceless. The research work sets out to explore the theme of superstitious belief in Bayo Adebowale’s lonely Days and Amma Darko’s faceless.

 

1.6   Research Methodology

The study will be mainly literary based research.  The two text chosen as a case study will be used as primary sources while other information from the internet, published and unpublished articles, Journals, copied of earlier project from the library and other related sources will be examined.

 

Conclusion

The exposition which this study entails has revealed that both Darko and Bayo are labeled communist writers. However, with their martist concept, they advocate that collective struggle can only be the solution to the leader’s domination. The heroines of both novels have reacted in some individual and successful fights. Moreover, their reaction has allowed people to get beck their right and succeed in making change in their country (community).

As we known, literature as a subject of study has performed the function of sanitizing the society of its vices so as to pave way for better reformation of the society. It performs the purpose of inculcating as well as educating its audience on the correct mode of morality and conduct. The theme of superstitious belief in Bayo Adebowale’s faceless and Amma Darko’s lonely days.

Unfortunately, despite the function performed by literature to sanitize the society of vices for the betterment of mankind, the society is being riddled with social injustice. Therefore, this ugly situation necessitates the conduct of this research study.

 

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