THE STATUS OF BIOLOGY LABORATORY IN SENIOR SECONDARY SCHOOLS

THE STATUS OF BIOLOGY LABORATORY IN SENIOR SECONDARY SCHOOLS
THE STATUS OF BIOLOGY LABORATORY IN SENIOR SECONDARY SCHOOLS

THE STATUS OF BIOLOGY LABORATORY IN SENIOR SECONDARY SCHOOLS

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TABLE OF CONTENTS

Title Page

Certification

Dedication

Acknowledgments

Abstract

Table of Contents

CHAPTER ONE:    INTRODUCTION  

1.1     Background to the Study

1.2     Statement of the Problem

1.3     Purpose of the Study

 

1.4     Significance of the Study

1.5     Research Questions

1.6     Limitation of the Study

1.7     Definition of Terms

 

CHAPTER TWO

REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE

 

CHAPTER THREE:          RESEARCH METHODOLOGY

3.1     Area of the Study

3.2     Research Design

3.3     Population of the Study

3.4     Sample and sampling Technique

 

3.5     Instrument for data collection

3.6     Validation of the Instrument

3.7     Administration of the Instrument

3.8     Scoring of the Instrument

3.9     Method of Data Analysis

 

CHAPTER FOUR: RESULTS AND DISCUSSION OF FINDINGS

4.1     Results

4.2     Discussion of Findings

 

CHAPTER FIVE:    SUMMARY, CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATIONS

5.1     Summary

5.2     Recommendations

5.3     Conclusion

5.4     Suggestions for further study

References

Appendix –

 

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.1     Background to the Study

Laboratory is a unique forum for the pursuit of better academic achievement in Biology. The expectation is that during laboratory activities, students are provided with experience predisposing them towards acquisition of specific process and skills needed for the collection and discovery of new information. Therefore, the need to equip students with process and skills during laboratory teaching becomes evident (Kampa, 2023).

Researchers have found science laboratories to be central to the teaching of science subjects such as Biology, Chemistry and Physics in secondary schools.

 

Laboratories have been found to be the scientists’ workshops where practical activities are conducted to enhance a meaningful learning of science concepts and theories (Seweje, 2020). They have also been found to be a primary vehicle for promoting formal reasoning skills and students’ outcomes in students.

Practical work carried out in Biology laboratory is a unique teaching and learning during Biology class because science students are able to observe and manipulate materials to demonstrate certain aspects of the subject matter which has been learnt in class through lectures, discussions and textbooks.

 

THE STATUS OF BIOLOGY LABORATORY IN SENIOR SECONDARY SCHOOLS

Hence, laboratory/practical work provides students with opportunities to engage in processes of investigation and inquiry .practical work carried out by Biology students in the laboratory gives students appreciation of the spirit and methods of problem solving, analytic and generalization ability (Agbogun, 2021). For instance, Bybee (2019) carried out a research on the effectiveness of individualized approach to general education earth science laboratory. Students reported that personal laboratory work was the most effective instructional method for promoting their interest.

Notwithstanding, researchers have found shortages in the number of Biology laboratories in Nigerian schools. They argued that many schools do not have the required laboratory facilities for the teaching of Biology. The status of biology laboratory in senior secondary schools.

Moreover, students often fail to acquire science laboratory skills because their teachers were unable to conduct practical as they would like to and this always had inevitable consequences for students’ learning (Keister, 2022).

However, these shortages of Biology laboratory facilities could have serious implications on the quality of schools and students’ output. In fact, all these show the importance attached to Biology laboratories in secondary schools. Therefore, it is this importance that prompted the researcher examines the status of Biology laboratory in senior secondary schools.

 

1.2     Statement of the Problem

Common observations show that secondary schools have varied numbers of science laboratories, while some have two laboratories and others have only one multipurpose science laboratory. The implication of this is that many students seem not to be exposed to practical work in these science subjects which are core subjects in secondary school curriculum.

The reasons for this may be as a result of the status of the laboratories, or the availability of consumable apparatus are not effective. Also, it may be that, there are no technicians to use the laboratory effectively. It was based on this; that this research work was conducted to find out the status of Biology laboratory in senior secondary schools.

 

1.3     Purpose of the Study

The general purpose of this present study was to find out the status of Biology laboratory in senior secondary schools. In specific terms, the objectives of the study were:

  1. To find out the extent of availability of consumable apparatus in Biology laboratories in senior secondary schools.
  2. To find out the extent of availability of technicians in Biology laboratories in senior secondary schools.

 

1.4     Significance of the Study

The study of status of Biology laboratory in senior secondary school is significant in many ways:

Challenge government and other educational administrators to provide funds from time to time to enrich science laboratories with both consumable and non-consumable laboratory items for practical use. The status of biology laboratory in senior secondary schools.

Also, the findings from this study will serve as a reference manual for future researchers on related topics.

 

1.5     Research Questions

                   The following research questions were formulated for the study.

  1. What is the extent of availability of apparatus in Biology laboratories in senior secondary schools?
  2. What is the extent of availability of technicians/biology attendants in Biology laboratories in senior secondary schools?

 

1.6     Limitation of the Study

In writing a research work of this nature, limitations and bound to occur. Some of these include.

Time given for the completion of the study was inadequate and this hindered the research work from having a wider scope.

Finance constraint exerted a felt influence on study because the researcher found it tough to finance the study.

The researcher also faced challenges like inability to reach out for enough empirical materials since it was carried out alongside with other academic works.

 

1.7     Definition of the Terms

Laboratory: This is a special room or building in school used for scientific experiments or experimental studies.

Biology Laboratory: In brief, this is a special laboratory designed for Biology students to carryout their practical exercise in Biology.

Status of Biology Laboratory: This is the present state of Biology laboratory in terms of facilities, apparatus, and technicians available to use those apparatus.

 

Consumable Laboratory Items: These are available apparatus in Biology laboratory that are used during practical lessons e.g. beakers, Bunsen burner, burette etc.

Non – Consumable Laboratory Items: These are apparatus that available in Biology laboratory but they are not used. It is also apparatus that supposed to be available in Biology laboratory for effective learning but they are not there to use.

 

Conclusion

Practical activities in Biology provide opportunities for students to actually do science as opposed to learning about science. Biology laboratory practical activities can be regarded as a strategy that could be adopted to make the task of a teacher (teaching) more real to the students as opposed to abstract or theoretical presentation of facts, principles and concepts of subject matters. The status of biology laboratory in senior secondary schools.

As such the use of Biology laboratories for practical activities and the teaching of biological concepts should therefore be a rule rather than an option to Biology teachers, if we hope to produce students that would be able to acquire the necessary knowledge, skills and competence needed to meet the scientific and technological demands of the nations.

Based on the objective of the study, the following conclusions were drawn:

  1. Few of the available apparatus in Biology laboratories are used in senior secondary schools for teaching/learning of the subject.
  2. Biology laboratory technicians’ service and repair mechanical and electrical laboratory equipment as required.

 

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Ikemesit Akpan is my name. I am a Nigerian author. I work with projectboss.com.ng. I'm a researcher and a writer of academic research. ikemesitetukapan20233@gmail.com