THE ROLE OF FOOD PRESERVATION IN ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT OF THE NATION

THE ROLE OF FOOD PRESERVATION IN ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT OF THE NATION
THE ROLE OF FOOD PRESERVATION IN ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT OF THE NATION

THE ROLE OF FOOD PRESERVATION IN ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT OF THE NATION

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TABLE OF CONTENTS

Title Page

Declaration

Approval Page

Dedication

Acknowledgements

Table of Contents

Abstract

 

CHAPTER ONE:

INTRODUCTION

1.1          Background to the Study

1.2          Statement of the Problem

1.3          Purpose of the Study

 

1.4          Research Questions

1.5          Hypotheses

1.6          Significance of the Study

1.7          Scope/Delimitation of the Study

1.8          Definition of Operational Terms

 

CHAPTER TWO:

REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE

CHAPTER THREE:

METHODOLOGY

3.1          Design of the Study

3.2          Population of the Study

3.3          Sample and Sampling Techniques

3.4          Research Instrument

3.5          Validity of the Instrument

 

3.6          Reliability of the Instrument

3.7          Administration of the Instrument

3.8          Data Analysis Technique

 

CHAPTER FOUR:

DATA PRESENTATION, ANALYSIS AND DISCUSSION OF FINDINGS

4.1          Analyses of Data Results

4.2          Summary of Major Findings

4.3          Discussion of the Findings

 

CHAPTER FIVE:

SUMMARY, CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATIONS

5.1          Summary

5.2          Conclusion

5.3          Recommendations

5.4          Suggestions for Further Studies

References

Appendixes

 

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

 1.1   Background of the Study

Fresh and raw food are limited in supply moreover, food is not always consumed immediately after harvest or slaughtered, and it has to be transported from where it is produced to where it is consumed. In addition, many agricultural products are seasonal under these conditions, food preservation is therefore important.

However, about 10% of the total world supply of food is wasted owing to deterioration each year. At the same time, over half of the world population especially those living in developing countries, is underfed.

In addition, more importantly, many people these countries die of food poisoning as well. In such a situation, food scientists and food technologist are working very hard to find ways of preserving food so that it is in form that can be stored and transported without deterioration in quantity over period of time.

 

THE ROLE OF FOOD PRESERVATION IN ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT OF THE NATION

In general, food spoilage is mainly due to microbial activities and chemical reaction which are often catalyzed by enzymes.

 

FOOD SPOILAGE DUE TO MICROBIAL ACTIVITIES  

Much food deterioration spoilage caused by yeasts, fungi, or bacteria. Food which is suitable for us is also suitable for these micro-organisms which spoils the alternativeness, palatability and nourishment of food. Specifically, typical examples of these micro-organisms are mould on bread and lactic acid bacteria in the souring of milk.

Some micro-organisms are either themselves toxic in nature or produce toxic chemicals when they act on food substrate and cause death through food poisoning. A well known example of this kind of micro-organism is the bacterium clostridium botulinum.

It acts on meat and produces a neurotoxin which is probably the most poisonous substance known. The toxin affects the central nervous system and is usually fatal. However some micro-organism are very useful in many food processing industries. They are widely used in brewing, bread-making and cheese-making.

 

FOOD SPOILAGE DUE TO CHEMICAL CHANGES

The formation of the peroxide intermediate by oxidation of glycosides is responsible for rancidity of fats and oils. This is a typical example of food spoilage owing to chemical changes. Another example is the browning of fruits, such as apples, after they have cut open.

The browning of apple is due to the oxidation of phenols present in the apple into diquinones and organic intermediate which undergoes polymerization and eventually from a brown product.

However, the oxidation reaction is believed to be catalyzed by an enzyme originally present in an apple. Therefore, based on this background thisstudy aimed to examine the role of food preservation in Economic development of the Nation.

 

1.2   Statement of Problem

Food preservation has met the greatest challenges, successes and failure in an effort to have positive impact on an economic development of the Nation and local Governments Areas.

In fact, the problem of food spoilage seems the greatest problem facing the local governments populace in its quest to have a sustained impact on the economy of the Nation, and Local governments Areas.

Interaction of food preservation with local government economy is compartmentalized, dichotomized or dualistic worldview of food preservation and the producers of food in general which is nothing but a wholesale transportation of the influence of elites philosophical worldview to our locality (Nation Local Government).

 

Undeniably, many food preservers today have not yet understand the meaning and doctrine of separation of food from spoilage resulting in thin economic ethics in public life. It is on this premise that this research work is carried out to examine the role of food preservation in economic development of Nation local government area of the state.

The present food shortage hence economy wastage could only be curbed when concept of proper food preservation and maintenance; hence economic development.

This page is pushing for a thicker (More substantial) preservation perspective that would allow for human flourishing and the harnessing of social, physical scientific and economic lifestyles. Therefore, this study aimed to examine the role of food preservation in Economic development of the Nation.

 

1.3   Purpose of the Study

The general purpose of this study aimed to examine the role of food preservation in Economic development of the Nation. Specifically, this study aims to;

(1)    To show the impact of food preservation in economic development of the Nation.

(2)    To examine the social, economic, political, scientifically and religious problem in relation to food preservation in our locality (Nation).

(3)    To discuss the interconnection, intensity as well as how food preservation enhanced the local government economy.

(4)    To identified and analyses the approaches of food preservation to socioeconomic and people problems.

(5)    To unveil the implications and responses to the role food preservation and of the nation (Nigeria).

 

1.4   RESEARCH QUESTIONS

(1)    To what extent has food preservation help to bring about development to the Nation?

(2)    To what extent can food preservation sustain economic growth among the people of the Nation?

(3)    What are the correlation between food preservation and wealth creation in the development of the Nation?

 

1.5   Research Hypothesis            

HO: There is no significant impact of food preservation in the economic development of the Nation.

H1: There is a significant impact of food preservation in economic development of the Nation.

 

1.6   Significant of the study  

The knowledge of the study will be of immense benefit to the youth, men women, government and other works of live. However, the opinion of Nigeria about the role of food preservation in economic development of the nation (Nigeria). Thus, will make the findings of the research more beneficial to the already existing knowledge of the impact of food preservation in Nation and the local governments Areas.

Also, it is envisaged that other researchers will find this work useful for their reference. Lastly, to the food preservation, this work will help in improving and enhancing their role towards the attainment of economic development in our country.

 

1.7   Scope and Limitation

The focal point of this study is on the role of food preservation in Economic development of the Nation.

The research centered on the Nation and its environs. The extent of this work is limited by financial constrained due to limited resources at the disposal of the researcher. It is further limited by time factor as it takes much time to complete the research work as the researcher is involved in other activities.

However, there were no much textbooks to consult and information gathered were not substantial enough for the research.

However, the researcher has been on top of this limitation and the finding made in this work are valuable, authentic and valid for any considerations.

 

1.8   Definition of terms

FOOD: Any natural or man-made materials either in liquid, solid or gaseous forms have use as body maintenance (Nkanga, 2018).

Preservation: In brief, ways of protection against spoilage of food materials (Nkanga 2020).

Development: The word development is an act of causing something to grow larger, further or complete (Hornsby 1963:270). It can also mean to put something through various stage of production (the complete Christian dictionary homes, schools and office, 1997:175).

Economic Development: Is the process by which a nation improves the economic, political and social well-being of its people (Wikipedia).

Impact: In brief, a significant or strong influence; an effect; to have an impact on (English Dictionary).              

 

Conclusion

This paper has examined the role of food preservation in economic development of the nation (Nigeria). Through the findings, it is observed that food preservation brings about human development, entrepreneurship and wealth creation among the practical and theoretical collages.

Food preservation makes students to imbibe the right moral, knowledge, discipline understanding as well as psychological, social scientifically, economically, spiritual, dispositions that leads students to develop the required skills and attitudes necessary for human development, entrepreneurship, and wealth and job creation.

 

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