Research Proposals

THE INFLUENCE OF TEACHER TRAINING AND PROFESSIONAL DEVELOPMENT ON THE INTEGRATION AND UTILIZATION OF INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS IN SECONDARY SCHOOL CLASSROOMS

THE INFLUENCE OF TEACHER TRAINING AND PROFESSIONAL DEVELOPMENT ON THE INTEGRATION AND UTILIZATION OF INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS IN SECONDARY SCHOOL CLASSROOMS

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TABLE OF CONTENTS

Abstract

CHAPTER ONE –       INTRODUCTION

1.1    Background of the Study

1.2    Statement of the Problem

1.3    Objective of the Study

1.4    Significant of the Study

1.5    Research Hypotheses

 

1.6    Research Questions

1.7    Limitation of the Study

1.8    Delimitation of the Study

1.8    Definition of Term

CHAPTER TWO               

REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE

 

CHAPTER THREE

RESEARCH METHODOLOGY AND DESIGN 

3.1    Area of Study

3.2    Research Design

3.3    Population of the Study

3.4    Sample and Sampling Techniques

 

3.5    Instrument for Data Collection

3.6    Validation of Instrument

3.7    Reliability of Instrument

3.8    Method of Data Analysis

CHAPTER FOUR      

ANALYSIS OF DATA AND DISCUSSION OF FINDING

4.1    Data Analysis

 

4.2    Discussion of the Finding

 

CHAPTER FIVE        –       SUMMARY, CONCLUSION AND

                                RECOMMENDATIONS

5.1    Summary

5.2    Conclusion

5.3    Recommendation

5.4    Suggestions for Further Studies

References

Appendix

 

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.1       Background to the Study

Effective teaching is the prime duty of a professional teacher. Changes in the teaching profession are without end due to the nature of the profession, which is ever-changing timelessly. Moreover, the teacher is the most significant agent in the teaching-learning process.

Teachers could either make or unmake the future of students. Professional development can be enhanced through faculty development activities such as instructional planning, instructional delivery, knowledge of the subject matter, rapport with the students and classroom management. Thus, there is a rise in teaching strategies in the twenty-first century through teamwork and innovation (Nairz-Wirth & Feldmann, 2023).

Without a doubt, improving teacher quality has become a vital thing to student fulfillment; teacher training and professionalism gained more prominence. Nowadays, instructors’ continuous professional development is broadly visible as crucial for enhancing teachers’ overall performance and effectiveness and enhancing dedication to their work. Therefore, teachers must always adapt to the current educational system changes to meet the students’ needs and demands for the global market.

However, for developing countries like the Nigeria, producing highly skilled and globally competitive graduates is a great challenge for all educators. The effectiveness of instruction is dependent on the caliber of teachers. In the book of Stronge (2018) some researchers define teacher effectiveness as to student achievement.

 

As a teachers’ influence is far-reaching, it is challenging to determine what outcomes might demonstrate the effectiveness and how to measure results. Furthermore, many external variables affect each potential measure of effectiveness outside teachers’ control. In totality, we can agree that effective teachers make an extraordinary and lasting impact on students’ lives. Teaching is a complex process that includes both an art and a science.

 

THE INFLUENCE OF TEACHER TRAINING AND PROFESSIONAL DEVELOPMENT ON THE INTEGRATION AND UTILIZATION OF INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS IN SECONDARY SCHOOL CLASSROOMS

By definition, training is a process to get the required skills for a particular subject. The training is a valuable practice for the teachers to enhance their teaching skills. A trained teacher has more skills and techniques to be applied for the better academic achievements of learners (Ulla, 2018). A teacher having better teaching skills can also produce students’ interest in a particular subject (Giovazolias, Syngelaki and Papastylianou, 2019).

Many researchers including (Oliveira, Lopes and Spear-Swerling, 2019) stated the importance of teachers training. The teacher’s training provides the solutions of educational problems (Schütze, Rakoczy, Klieme, Besser and Leiss, 2017).

Without reservation, teacher training and professional development play a crucial role in equipping educators with the necessary knowledge and skills to effectively integrate instructional materials into their teaching practices.

However, these programs provide teachers with opportunities to learn about new instructional materials, explore innovative teaching strategies, and develop their pedagogical content knowledge. Hence, by participating in these programs, teachers can enhance their understanding of how to select, adapt, and utilize instructional materials that align with curriculum goals and meet the diverse needs of their students.

 

Undeniably, in this modern age, the teacher’s training is an important requirement and essential component for all the educational activities including conducive learning environment, curriculum development and implementation and assessment (Zulfiqar, 2016). A trained and skilful teacher has more ability to teach the students and implement the various teaching methods successfully (Saira et al., 2021).

 

Experienced teachers possess professional and personal attributes that can motivate students to improve their school’s academic performance. According to Ajayi, Onibeju, and Olutayo (2020), good teachers who possess a mastery of content, suitable pedagogical qualification and a positive attitude towards teaching play a significant role in students’ educational attainment. When professional development is done well, it provides an opportunity for teachers to grow their knowledge and sharpen their skills, which can lead to better student outcomes. It’s a way for teachers to collaborate with their colleagues, and one avenue through which administrators can support their teachers.

Specifically, instructional materials are any device or object employed by teachers to facilitate the teaching process or brighten the classroom. Addition, according to Muhammad (2020), instructional materials are mainly aimed at exploring the full potentials of the students in terms of learning thereby easing the transfer of knowledge from the teachers to the students.

Thus, these include concrete and non-concrete materials, visuals and audio-visuals (kits, newspapers, videos, textbooks, pictures and projectors etc.), equipment, fixtures and any other material that can improve the teaching the teaching and learning process. Also, the use of instructional materials makes teaching process easier and makes the learning process more realistic, practical, appealing and interesting. It also makes active participation of bother teachers and students and improves knowledge and skills acquisition, self-actualization and confidence (Muhammad, 2020).

 

The development and use of instructional materials have advantages and disadvantages. One benefit is that it promotes student academic performance and learning (Adalikwu & Iorkpilgh, 2013; Prado, 2018). This study aimed to investigate the influence of teacher training and professional development on the integration and utilization of instructional materials in secondary school classrooms.

 

1.2       Statement of the Problem

Most teachers are hardly given the opportunity to attend professional training which will make them to acquaint themselves with the latest development in the field of education. Activities such as In-Service-Training, conferences, seminars, teachers experience can help improve teachers professional competences and solve other issue related to the teaching and learning process as well as integration and utilization of instructional materials.

Instructional materials are valuable assets to teachers and learners, especially in this era of paradigm shift with emphasis on the learner.

It is one thing to produce and another to judiciously utilize instructional materials to titillate classroom pedagogy. Therefore, this study aimed to investigate the influence of teacher training and professional development on the integration and utilization of instructional materials in secondary school classrooms.

 

1.3       Purpose of the Study

The main purpose of this study was to examine influence of teacher training and professional development on the integration and utilization of instructional materials in secondary school classrooms. Specifically, this study sought to examine the:

  1. extent teacher In-Service-Training influence integration and utilization of instructional materials in secondary schools classrooms.
  2. extent workshops and seminars influence integration and utilization of instructional materials in secondary schools classrooms in Ikeja Local Government Area.
  3. extent conferences influence integration and utilization of instructional materials in secondary schools classrooms in Ikeja Local Government Area.
  4. extent teacher experience influence integration and utilization of instructional materials in secondary schools classrooms in Ikeja Local Government Area.

 

1.4       Research Questions

The following research questions guided this study:

  1. To what extent does teacher’s in-service training influence integration and utilization of instructional materials in secondary schools classrooms in Ikeja Local Government Area?
  2. To what extent does workshops and seminars influence integration and utilization of instructional materials in secondary schools classrooms in Ikeja Local Government Area?
  3. To what extent does conferences influence integration and utilization of instructional materials in secondary schools classrooms in Ikeja Local Government Area?
  4. To what extent does teacher experience influence integration and utilization of instructional materials in secondary schools classrooms in Ikeja Local Government Area?

 

1.5       Research Hypotheses

To guide the study, the following null hypotheses were formulated:

  1. There is no significant of influence of teacher’s in-service training on integration and utilization of instructional materials in secondary schools classrooms.
  2. There is no significant of influence of workshops and seminars on integration and utilization of instructional materials in secondary schools classrooms.
  3. There is no significant of influence of conferences on integration and utilization of instructional materials in secondary schools classrooms.
  4. There is no significant of influence of teacher experience on integration and utilization of instructional materials in secondary schools classrooms.

 

1.6       Significance of the Study

The result of this study will be of immense benefit to the government, teachers, administrators, policy makers, curriculum planners and Non-governmental organizations.

  • Firstly, the findings of this study will help the Government on the need to provide regular and adequate supervision to ensure that workshop and seminars are caused out for training and retraining of teachers.
  • Secondly, the outcome of this study would be beneficial to the government in planning and decision making. It would help in policy formulation, implementation, evaluation and reformation.
  • Thirdly, through the findings of the study, the teachers would seek professional development in the use of the instructional materials in their learning.

 

  • The findings of the study would help the students the benefit from the effective utilization of the instructional materials that will follow from the adoption of the strategies identified from the study while the teachers would from the findings adopt effective strategies for utilizing the instructional materials in their teaching, the pupils would understand the lesson better and also use the instructional materials well during their private learning and peer tutoring.
  • Serves as a reference material to other researchers in the future and as well show cases the researcher contribution to the development in education in the states as well as the nation at large.

 

Conclusion

In conclusion, teacher training and professional development have a profound influence on the utilization of instructional materials in the classroom. Thus, these initiatives equip teachers with the necessary knowledge, skills, and strategies to effectively select, implement, and adapt instructional materials to meet the diverse needs of their students.

Therefore, by investing in teacher training and professional development, educational institutions can ensure that teachers are well-prepared to utilize instructional materials in ways that enhance student learning outcomes.

 

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Ikemesit

Ikemesit Akpan is my name. I am a Nigerian author. I work with projectboss.com.ng. I'm a researcher and a writer of academic research. ikemesitetukapan20233@gmail.com

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