THE INFLUENCE OF ENVIRONMENTAL VARIABLES ON STUDENT ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE OF ISLAMIC STUDIES

THE INFLUENCE OF ENVIRONMENTAL VARIABLES ON STUDENT ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE OF ISLAMIC STUDIES
THE INFLUENCE OF ENVIRONMENTAL VARIABLES ON STUDENT ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE OF ISLAMIC STUDIES

THE INFLUENCE OF ENVIRONMENTAL VARIABLES ON STUDENT ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE OF ISLAMIC STUDIES IN SELECTED SECONDARY SCHOOLS

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ABSTRACT

The purpose of this study was to examine the influence of environmental variables on student academic performance of Islamic Studies in selected secondary schools. Four research questions and four research hypotheses were formulated for the study. The population of the study was eight hundred and fifteen (815) students who offered Islamic Studies in selected public secondary schools in the study area and a sample size of two hundred and forty (240) was used.

 

A survey research design were adopted for the study, the instrument used was a questionnaire titled “Environmental variables and Students Performance in Islamic Studies Questionnaire (EVSPISQ)”.   The result of the findings showed a significant relationship between class room building, school library, school location and the academic performance of students in Islamic Studies. The study also showed no relationship between class size and the student’s academic performance in Islamic Studies.

 

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.1  Background to the Study

Without a doubt, Nigeria  is  constitutionally  a  multi-religious  country  with  a  Muslim  population  in majority. Moreover, School environment (learning environment) is the thread that connects the multitude of activities on the school. In many respects, this thread is almost invisible, yet everyone experiences its influence. Thus, the environmental variable of the setting helps to a large extent in ensuring attainability of the goals of such setting.

 

The environmental differences and the differences in the quality of instruction from one learning environment to another can create differences in the level of knowledge acquisition of the students. This shows that the learning facilities children are exposed to and the socio-economic influence on them can affect their academic achievement.

Maduewesi, (2013) referred to teaching and learning environment as the setting physical and conceptual in which teaching and learning are carried out as deliberately planned. And to Okobia in Maduewesi (2013) learning environment means classroom surroundings, physical facilities in the classroom and teacher–pupil relationship.

Learning environment includes the school building and the surrounding grounds such as noise, temperature and lighting as well as physical, biological or chemical agent, (Chiu, 2008).

 

THE INFLUENCE OF ENVIRONMENTAL VARIABLES ON STUDENT ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE OF ISLAMIC STUDIES

The physical appearance and general condition of school physical facilities are the striking basis. Thus, upon which many parents and friends of any educational institution make initial judgment about the quality of what goes on in the school. They are often turned off by dilapidated school blocks with sinking roofs and broken walls, bushy lawn and over grown hedges. Also are profane writings on walls, littered lawns and path ways.

Finally, the school physical environment is like a mirror reflecting the image of a school and through it the public decide whether or not to associate with the particular school (Mgbodile, 2014).

 

In Nigeria today, schools are closely associated with the communities. Most communities depend on the neighborhood school for the provision of good and appropriate environment for accommodation, furniture and all form of equipment for certain activities like club or village meetings, wedding reception and church services.

Environmental variables before now have not been considered as one of the factors that affect academic performance in secondary schools hence it has little or no attention in educational discourse and consideration. But over the past decade remarkable studies have indicated a correlation between the environment and academic performance of students.

Therefore, this study will seek to find out the influence of environmental variables such as classroom size, school library and school location on Islamic Studies students’ academic performance.

 

1.2   Statement of the Problem

The environment varies from school to school. Some schools have adequate school buildings, good library and suitable textbooks, good administrative management, professionally qualified teachers, good laboratory equipment as well as good location. While in some schools little or none of these exist.

Without reservation, Islamic studies  is  a  unique  subject  on  the  curriculum  of  Nigerian  secondary  schools  similar  to what  is  obtainable  in  other  countries  like  Saudi  Arabia  and  Malaysia  among  others. Without a doubt, the uniqueness of the subject is primarily in relation to the policy on the status of the subject in the national curriculum. In the context of the national curriculum in Nigeria,  Islamic  is  one  of  the  subjects  for  junior  and  senior  secondary  schools  in  the country.

 

It is classified as a compulsory religious instruction for Muslims students in the junior secondary schools 1-3 (between ages 12 and 14).  It is therefore by policy a core  subject  for  all  Muslim  students  in  the  junior  secondary  school.    However,  the unavailability and inadequacy of teachers in a given school may deny the students the

The problem of this study put in a question form is: What is the influence of environmental variables on students’ academic performance of Islamic Studies. This question necessitates the study on the influence of environmental variables on student academic performance of Islamic Studies in selected secondary schools.

 

1.3   Purpose of the Study:

The main purpose of this study was to examine the influence of environmental variables on student academic performance of Islamic Studies in selected secondary schools in Lafia Local Government Area. Specifically, the study intended:

  1. To examine the influence of class room building on students academic performance of Islamic Studies in selected secondary schools;
  2. To examine the influence of school location on students academic performance of Islamic Studies in selected secondary schools;
  3. To examine the influence of class size on students academic performance of Islamic Studies in selected secondary schools.
  4. To investigate the influence of library facilities on students academic performance of Islamic Studies in selected secondary schools.

 

1.4   Significance of the Study

The findings from this study will be of immense benefits to the government, principals, teachers, parents as well as student researchers.

  1. The findings will help the government or the policy makers in formulating effective planning and implementation of policies and programs for improved school academic activities. It will also provide policy makers with intelligent forecast and analysis of future needs of the schools in the areas of building and location.
  2. It will help the parents in determining the choice of the type of school for their children. This is because, their wards will enjoy good school learning environment that will lead to quality school products.
  3. It will be of benefit to the student researchers as it will provide a valid working document or literature in investigating other areas not covered by this study. Thus, it will serve as a point of reference to future researchers in the field.

 

1.5   Research Hypotheses

Four research hypotheses were formulated to guide the study:

  1. There is no significant relationship between class room building and students academic performance of Islamic Studies in selected secondary schools;
  2. There is no significant relationship between school location and students academic performance of Islamic Studies in selected secondary schools;
  3. There is no significant relationship between class size and student academics performance of Islamic Studies in selected secondary schools.
  4. There is no significant relationship between library facilities and students academic performance of Islamic Studies in selected secondary schools.

 

1.6  Research Questions

The following research questions were formulated:

  1. Is there any significant relationship between class room building and students academic performance of Islamic Studies?
  2. To what extent does school location influence students academic performance of Islamic Studies?
  3. Is there any significant relationship between class size and students academic performance of Islamic Studies?
  4. Is there any significant relationship between library facilities and students academic performance of Islamic Studies?

 

1.7   Limitation of the Study

Several problems were encountered in undertaking this research work. Some of these were:-

  1. The period given for the completion of this study could hardly be enough for a wider and more in depth research into the problem situation.
  2. Lack of funds to procure necessary materials for the study posed another serious problem.

 

1.8  Operational Definition of Terms

Environment Variables:  Environmental variables in this study are such factors as school library facilities, school location, class room size, laboratory facilities etc.

Islamic Studies: Islamic studies refers to the academic study of Islam, and generally to academic multidisciplinary “studies” programs. Programs similar to others that focus on the history, texts and theologies of other religious traditions, such as Eastern Christian Studies or Jewish Studies (Wikipedia).

 

Teaching: This is the process of imparting knowledge.

Learning: This is the process of acquiring knowledge.

Academic Performance: It is the ability or grade obtained in test and examination by students.

Urban Learning Environment: these are learning environment located in the develop area such as city, town etc.

Rural Learning Environment: These are learning environment located in developing (inferior) area.

 

Conclusion

The study focused on the influence of environmental variables on student academic performance of Islamic Studies in selected secondary schools. Therefore, it is concluded that:

  • There is a significant relationship between classroom building and students academic performance in Islamic Studies in secondary schools;
  • There is a significant relationship between school location and students academic performance in Islamic Studies in secondary schools;
  • There is no significant relationship between class size and students academic performance in Islamic Studies in secondary schools;
  • There is a significant relationship between library resources and students academic performance in Islamic Studies in secondary schools.

 

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