Research Proposals

THE IMPACT OF FAMILY FACTORS AND ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE OF STUDENTS IN ECONOMICS

THE IMPACT OF FAMILY FACTORS AND ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE OF STUDENTS IN ECONOMICS

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CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.1     Background to the Study

The family is the child’s first place of contact with the world. The child as a result acquires initial education and socialization from present and other significant persons in the family (Maingi-lore, 2023). The family is where every child is born into and makes first interactions. These interactions can contribute of the child permanently. The destiny of mankind depends on the child and the welfare of the child is closely linked to the family in terms of the innate tendencies drawn from the genetic transcription and the family environment.

Family factors in this context such as parent’s educational attained, parent income level, level of social class placement are those factors that vary from one family to another.

Other include; occupation of parents and family type such as broken family, single parenting etc. the psychological  family conditional arises mainly from illegitimacy of students. The label of adopted child, broken family, divorce and parental deviation and such abnormal effect may affect the academic performance of the  child.

According to Sam (2023) if students from families with unstable and low socio-economic status background are compared with those from rich and stable background. It would be observed that those from rich and stable background perform academically better than those from poor and unstable background who may be experiencing social, emotional and psychological problems.

 

Parents are probably the actions with the dearest undimensioned interest in a high level of their students’ academic performance. To some extent, Nawaz, Mehnaz, Begum and Imad (2019) posited that there is simple evidence to show that mental instability which is one of the effects of family factors brings about stress, tension, lack of motivation and frustration among adolescents.

Obviously, these manifestation acts in negatively on a child’s academic performance in school. Students of unmarried parents, separated families, poor socio-economic status, low educational attainment amongst others, often fail and are at risk emotionally and academically.

 

However, this may not be completely applicable in all instances of poor family background or structure as students from this background may work hard through the influence of the school environment and become successful academically.

Parental educational status refers to the level which the father and mother attain educationally and it is the qualification of the parents (father and mother). Some parents are formally educated which means they have formal education while some parents are not formally educated.

 

Formal education involves education carried out in schools while the non-formal education is any organized educational activity that takes place outside the conventional school system with no specific target group. Such as carpentry, mechanics, tailoring, shoe mending, computer operating and blacksmithing (Inyang, 2016).

 

According to Percus (2011), the relationship between parental educational status and students’ academic performance in science has been widely reported that students from educated parents with good occupation perform better in schools.

 

THE IMPACT OF FAMILY FACTORS AND ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE OF STUDENTS IN ECONOMICS

Formally educated parents do, however, share some unique demographic characteristics that differentiate them from non-formally educated parents.

Formally educated parents assist the children in doing their assignment at family, pay for family teachers to teach the children at family after school, buy books that the children will read at family and monitor the level of their children academic performance in school in comparison to non-formally educated parents.

Sign (2014) posited that Learning takes place in a conducive environment within a web of social relationship as parents and children interact. The impact of family factors and academic performance of students in economics.

All aspects of the family environment provide survival, protection, development and participation in the learning process to the students. Thus, this means that the focus is on learning which strengthens the capacities of students to act progressively on their own behalf through the acquisition of relevant knowledge, useful skills and appropriate attitudes. Thus, which help them to create for themselves and others a safety place, security and healthy intervention in promoting students’ academic performance in Economics.

Therefore, it is against this background that this work is being undertaken to empirically investigate the possible effect of family factors on academic performance in Economics among secondary school students.

 

1.2     Statement of the Problem

Most students in Nigerian secondary schools are in greater risk of poor academic achievement in both internal and external examinations (WAEC and NECO) in Economics. For instance, the available records of WAEC result analysis from 2005- 2011 by Omeh (2019) show a continuous decline in students’ overall performance in school certificate examinations. Government, parents, teachers and students blame one another for students’ poor performance in schools. Parents blame teachers for lack of dedication to duties. The impact of family factors and academic performance of students in economics.

The teachers blame government for poor salaries hence they are poorly motivated. Also, parents accuse government for not equipping the schools with learning materials. In other hand, government blame parents for not doing good family work. Lastly, the students are blamed for lack of discipline and dedication to their studies.

In light of the above issues, the outstanding and relevant question is: what is the influence of family factors on academic performance in Economics among secondary school students?

 

1.3     Purpose of the Study 

The main purpose of this study was to investigate family factors on academic performance in Economics among secondary school students. Specifically, the study intends to;

  • examine parental educational attainment on students’ academic performance in Economics in secondary schools.
  • Investigate the influence of parent income level on the students’ academic performance in Economics in secondary schools.

 

1.4     Research Questions

The following research questions were formulated to guide the study;

  • To what extent does parental educational attainment influence academic performance in Economics among secondary schools?
  • To what extent does the influence of parent income level attainment influence academic performance in Economics among secondary schools?

 

1.5     Research Hypotheses

The following null hypotheses were formulated to guide the study:

  • There is no significant difference in academic performance in Economics students whose parents are formally educated and those whose parents are not formally educated.
  • There is no significant difference in academic performance in Economics students whose parent income is high and these whose parent income is not high.

 

1.6     Significance of the study

The finding of this study may be significant in the following ways:

  • It will be significant benefits to secondary school teachers in a sense that they will modify their teaching strategies to suit all categories of students irrespective of their family factors.
  • The finding of the study will help parent in understanding their background as it affect their students’ academic performance in school.

 

  • It will also help educational planners and curriculum planners to design a curriculum that will make learning of Economics and other school subject interesting to students irrespective of their family factors.
  • The study will provide useful information for guidance counselors for effective counseling of both parents and students as it highlight the effect of family factors on students’ academic performance in Economics.
  • The finding of this study will also provide bases for further studies on family factors and academic performance of students in secondary schools.

 

1.7     Delimitation of the study

This study was delimited to family factors such as parents’ educational attainment and parent’s income and students’ academic performance in Economics in secondary schools in Ukanafun Local Government Area. Also, only senior secondary two students were involved in the study.

 

1.8     Limitation of the study

The following limitations were inherent in the study, difficulty in convincing secondary school teachers, students and some head teachers, to see the need for the study so as to allow the research to take part of their time, and lack of enough money and time to go round al the secondary schools in Ukanafun Local Government Area more than those used in the study.

 

1.9     Definition of Terms 

                   The following terms were defined as used in the study:

Family: This is the first place when a child enters the world. It includes father, mother and students.

Family Factors: These are that difference that is common between families such as parental educational attainment and parents’ socio-economic status as used in this study.

Parental Educational Attainment: This is the level of education of father and mother.

Family Income: This is the level of income of the parents which makes them to be placed in a social class in the society.

Academic Performance: This is the grade or scores of students in an experimentation or test in Economics.

The impact of family factors and academic performance of students in economics.

Conclusion

Based on the findings of the study, it was concluded that students from formally educated parents perform better in Economics than students from none formally educated parents and also the higher the income level of parents, the higher the level of academic performance of students. This therefore means that parents educational level and parents income influence the academic performance of students in secondary schools in Ukanafun Local Government Area.

 

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Joselyn Nya

My Name is Joselyn Nya A Publisher in Project Boss Team. I'm a Nigerian I'm a graduate/Educational Researcher. Project Boss Team. We are the best for Project materials and project writing services. Email: admin@projectboss.com.ng

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