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Nigeria, since independence, with Jaja Wachuku as the first Minister for Foreign Affairs and Commonwealth Relations. In carrying out these principles, Nigeria participates in the African Union, the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS), the Non-Aligned Movement, the Commonwealth of Nations, and the United Nations.



The future of Nigeria in the international scene with other countries must be such as would advance our national interests.

In a nutshell, Nigeria needs to work on its core values, both on hard power and norms. Nigeria must form a regional hegemony with global reach, strengthen institutions, and make policies to derive benefits. In the face of the global spread of disorder, the projection of Nigeria foreign policy through the media, forums of policy, international institutions, educational and cultural programs, in order to attract the elites of targeted countries, and also create international governance structures or standards, for a viable and sustained foreign policy.


It is usually stated that Africa should be the focus of our foreign policy. In what ways would an Afro-centric foreign policy favour our national interest? The answer is that since most black people live on the African continent, Nigeria being the largest black nation in the world has continental responsibility to all African peoples particularly the black people South of the Sahara.

The emphasis here is our responsibility to the black people of Africa. Africa is the home of the black man and all other races here were originally immigrants. Being on the same continent with some Caucasians like the Arabs and the white South Africans does not mean that we have common interests. I want to stress the point that our interests and those of the Arabs do not necessarily cohere and there are innumerable occasions, in spite of what Islam preaches about the brotherhood of man when the Arabs have pursued policies injurious to our well being and prosperity.

The indiscriminate pumping daily of 10 million barrels of crude petroleum by Saudi Arabia with a population of under 8 million underscores the point I am making. This writer also happens to know that even today, there is a point which blacks may not cross in the Sahara without attracting physical injury if not outright liquidation to himself.

Nigeria cannot play a dynamic role in Africa unless it has a strong economy at home as well as political stability. This is why the national and the economic questions must be addressed first. Who is a Nigerian and what are his rights. Does he have rights in every part of Nigeria or is his right circumscribed by his state of origin or his religion? Can he send his child to school in the state where he resides, works and pays his taxes?


Can he contest elections in his state of residence where his father was born and died? What is the criterion for state citizenship? Can he aspire to the post to which his ability and merit entitles him? Or is he as a result of Federal character denied what he may have earned through dint of hard work and excellence?


What are the acceptable prices he must pay to keep this Federal Republic going? Must he be like two runners have his legs chained while the other is free to run in the same race? Do his children also have the sins of the father visited on them because of where their father is presumed to have come from?

Or in order to get on must he change his religion adopt a non- African name so that he can assume anonymity or be a walking deceit and fraud? Must he abandon his own language and try and cultivate the language of the majority so that he can enter the Nigerian political kingdom?


The future of Nigeria in the international scene with other countries must be such as would advance our national interests.

We may need to close our borders to the outside world in other to forge an home bred industrial technology. Certainty the self-inflicted monopolistic rights granted to foreign assembling plants must give way either to open competition or home fabrication. Nigeria must of course be self-reliant in food production, preservation and processing. In our trading relations, we must get away from the present colonial hang over which manifests itself in our lopsided economic relation with Great Britain.


In this way we suffer losses during the process of currency conversion and we reward a country which thinks very little of our well being. Do we continue the present system of capitalist rat race and a system that creates overnight millionaires through inflated contracts and through the issuance of import licences which in many cases amount to granting blank cheques to fat cats. The future of Nigeria in the international scene with other countries must be such as would advance our national interests.


We must by necessity dispossess this class of what it has wrongfully aggrandized. How then do we manage the foreign policy of Nigeria to serve this inevitable domestic development. Nigeria right now is a member of that talking shop called the United Nations, she is also a member of the Commonwealth of Nations, The Non-Aligned movement, The O.A.U. and ECOWAS and she maintains embassies in the major centres of the world.


All this constitute the arena of our foreign policy. We should continue in the United Nations and help to strengthen it if mankind himself is to be saved. There would have to be rationalisation of our diplomatic representation abroad. It is not necessary to have missions and envoys in every corner of the world.

There is no need for example for relations with Argentina – a racist country or with Australia another fellow racist traveler.

Our economic relationship is with Europe and North America, and our flag must follow trade. But our economic ties with these countries must be such as would serve our national interest and not sentimental attachment of which the Commonwealth is a concrete manifestation.

Our buying and selling in these countries must be done in such a way as to have effect on the domestic policies of these  countries. When necessary we must withdraw from selling and buying in a particular country in order to score political point. There is no reason on earth for example why Nigeria should do business with Great Britain while Britain is busy destroying our economy through indiscriminate flooding of the world oil market.


We must cultivate in the Americas the black constituencies there to serve Nigeria’s national interest and the interest of Africa as a whole.


Our future, I am afraid to say is not in ECOWAS but in a brand new organisation created around Nigeria and a constellation of surrounding neighbouring States of Benin, Niger, Cameroun and eventually Chad. What for example does Nigeria have in common with Mauritania which calls itself an Arab Republic to belong to the same ECOWAS?

ECOWAS was formed as a result of sentiment; particularly friendship between Gnasingbe Eyadema and Yakubu Gowon of Togo and Nigeria respectively. It was not a natural organisation of people sharing the same borders, with the same people straddling common frontiers.

ECOWAS was a going proposition in the hey-days of economic boom in Nigeria, and the frequent expulsion of ECOWAS citizens from Nigeria is an indication of the artificiality of the organisation. But if we have the co-prosperity area suggested the future story will be different.



As the globe is on the way to a new world order that we do not know yet, the disorder has become the new norm, and the world is in a continuous state of disarray. Most notable in this crisis is that the sovereignty of states is more emphasized and reconfirmed as the main building block of international relations.

Similarly, technology and trade wars and economic sanctions are foremost on the international plan. International institutions, norms, and agreements are increasingly falling apart.

Also, the tensed relationship between China and the United States is geopolitically increasing with new technologies dominantly nurturing new forms of capabilities and influence for violence. Thus, international relations have become more unpredictable.



Buzan, B. (2004). From International to World Society? English School Theory and the Social Structure of Globalization (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press 2004), 64.

Odey, I. (2016). Nigeria‟s Foreign Policy since 1960:Issues, Challenges, And Milestones. By Academia.edu, Access May20,2020

Ojo, O. (2019). Nigeria‟s Foreign Policy under the Administration of President Muhammadu Buhari: An Overview (2015-2017) News Agency of Nigeria and Pulse Nigeria.

Joselyn Nya

My Name is Joselyn Nya A Publisher in Project Boss Team. I'm a Nigerian I'm a graduate/Educational Researcher. Project Boss Team. We are the best for Project materials and project writing services. Email: admin@projectboss.com.ng

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