Project

THE EXTENT OF SAFETY PRACTICES IN SENIOR SECONDARY SCHOOLS BIOLOGY LABORATORIES

THE EXTENT OF SAFETY PRACTICES IN SENIOR SECONDARY SCHOOLS BIOLOGY LABORATORIES

DISCOUNT Sales!!! Get complete material at 45 percent Discount TODAY - Pay 1350 instead of ₦3000. Call/WhatsApp 07068634102

 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Title page

Approval page

Certification:

Dedication:

Acknowledgement:

Table of content:

Abstract:

CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION

Background of the Study

Statement of the Problem

Purpose of the study

Objectives of the study

Research questions

Scope of the study

Limitations of the Study

Definition of Terms

 

CHAPTER TWO: REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE

Conceptual Framework

Theoretical Framework

Review of Related Empirical Studies

Summary of Review of Related Literature

 

CHAPTER THREE: RESEARCH METHODS/METHODOLOGY

Design of the study

Area of the Study

Population of the Study

Sample and Sampling Techniques

Instrument for Data Collection

Validation of the Instrument

 

Reliability of the Instrument

Method of Data Collection

Method of Data Analysis

 

CHAPTER FOUR: ANALYSIS OF DATA AND RESULTS

Research Questions /Result

CHAPTER FIVE: DISCUSSIONS, CONCLUSIONS, IMPLICATIONS, RECOMMENDATIONS, LIMITATION, SUGGESTIONS AND SUMMARY OF THE STUDY.

Discussion of findings

Conclusions

Recommendations

Limitations

Suggestions for Further Research

Summary of the Study

References

Appendix

 

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.1     Background of the Study

Biology as one of the science subjects is defined as the study of life or living things. It is concerned with the structure, behavior and origin of plants, animals and their relationship with their environment. Moreover, Eze (2013) stated that biology as one of the science subjects in skill field of studies develops human thinking for accurate observation. In addition, Biology is a science that is concerned with life processes.

 

The central role of biology laboratory as identified by Voss (2012) is to provide illustration of some basic principles and to teach the students the applications of the principles so acquired.

 

Without a doubt, a well equipped biology laboratory enables students to develop good judgments, self reliance, critical thinking, technical personal contact with apparatus and materials present in the laboratories under the direction\supervision of the teacher.

A biology laboratory needs to be well organized so that a climate for investigating scientific concepts will exist such a climate ensures that the laboratory is safe for those using it. Since laboratory environment is meant for man to handle, accidents and injuries are bound to occur.

 

Therefore, the teacher in biology laboratory is responsibly committed to teaching his students on how to handle chemicals and materials, so as to bring about good results in a safe manner of preserving life. Furthermore, Byrd (2004) posited that most of the accidents and injuries that occur in secondary schools biology mainly result from inadequate knowledge of safety rules, insufficient skill by the laboratory workers and carelessness.

The students when using the laboratory have the obligation to help themselves and others; the teachers on their own part have to inculcate safety knowledge and practices into their student so they can develop a philosophy of safety that emphasizes positive rather than negative habits.

 

THE EXTENT OF SAFETY PRACTICES IN SENIOR SECONDARY SCHOOLS BIOLOGY LABORATORIES

According to the advance learner dictionary, safety is freedom from danger or risk. The importance of safety measures in biology laboratories is very necessary for both students and teachers to reduce or eliminate the occurrence of laboratory hazards.

Similarly, Osborne (2012) maintained that most laboratory hazards can be reduced to minimum occurrence by good value, careful manipulation of laboratory apparatus, adequate supervision and the knowledge of the safety practices and their applications.

 

Obviously, anyone who is not safety conscious stands the greatest risk of turning a minor hazard into an accident which may be fatal.

Also, there is need for safety facilities like fume, eye goggles, fire extinguishers, sink, lab coat, waste containers and first aid boxes to be provided in the biology laboratory as their absence may create health hazard. Though it is not enough to provide these safety equipment, supervision of the students during laboratory activities is also necessary.

Therefore, appropriate safety practices in biology laboratories in secondary schools can reduce the rate of accidents and guarantee safety of the students in the laboratories.

 

1.2  Statement of the Problem

Since the inclusion of laboratory experience in the teaching and learning of biology, the question of both staff and students during practical work have become crucial. Undeniably, Biology laboratories have been established in some Nigeria secondary schools without safety considerations in their designs and constructions (Abdullahi, 2000).

 

Poor safety practices in biology laboratories have led to accidents such as glass breaking, skin contact with specimens and chemicals, injury, fire out breaks and even death.

In the light of the above, it is therefore necessary to investigate the extent of implementation on safety practices in biology laboratories in using randomly selected secondary schools in Enugu South of Enugu state, Nigeria.

 

1.3  Purpose of the Study

The general purpose of this study was to examine the extent of safety practices in senior secondary schools biology laboratories.

Specifically, the study intends to find out:

  • The general designs and fittings of biology laboratories relevant to safety.
  • The availability of safety equipment and materials in biology laboratories
  • The services of laboratory assistants that are employed to ensure safety.
  • The extent of implementation of safety rules biology laboratory.

 

1.4 Significance of the Study

This research work will be beneficial to the following groups: National science teachers association (NSTA), students, teachers and school administrators.

Student who have phobia for practical’s in science laboratories due to the occurrences of  hazards and accident in the science laboratory will find this work   reliable in order to develop good attitudes, safe and conscientious laboratory habits  in any  practical field of study.

The teachers and other laboratory staff should also see the need of keeping the rules, developing slogans about them, writing some of them on the cardboard sheets hung on the laboratory. Thus, with these, practical work will be conducive through safety measures in the science laboratories.

 

The findings of this study could be of benefit to both the Federal and State governments of Nigeria. It could sensitize the government on the urgency of building and equipping biology laboratories in all the senior secondary schools with safety equipment to avoid hazards.

This work will serve as guide for references to any student that intends further work on this issue.

 

1.5  Research Questions

  1. How does the type of design and fitting in the biology laboratory appropriate to ensure safety?
  2. To what extent is safety equipment available in the biology laboratory?
  3. How often do services of laboratory assistants employed, ensures safety during laboratory instructions.
  4. To which measures does the secondary school biology student apply safety practices during practical sessions?

1.6  The Scope of the Study

The study looks at the extent of safety practices in senior secondary schools biology laboratories in Enugu south local government area of Enugu state.

 

1.7     Definition of Terms

Biology: Biology can be defined as a natural science subject which study all living things of contents from in the biosphere and earth surface.

Practical Biology: In brief, practical Biology is an examination or lesson in which a students’ makes things or does experiments.

Safety practice: Safety practice can be defined as the process of averting danger.

Joselyn Nya

My Name is Joselyn Nya A Publisher in Project Boss Team. I'm a Nigerian I'm a graduate/Educational Researcher. Project Boss Team. We are the best for Project materials and project writing services. Email: admin@projectboss.com.ng

Related Articles

Back to top button
Open chat
1
Scan the code
Hello 👋
Welcome to projectboss 24/7customer services.