Research Proposals

THE EFFECTS OF THE NIGERIAN ENGLISH PIDGIN ON ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE OF STUDENTS

THE EFFECTS OF THE NIGERIAN ENGLISH PIDGIN ON ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE OF STUDENTS

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TABLE OF CONTENTS

Title Page

Certification

Dedication

Acknowledgement

Abstract

Table of Contents

CHAPTER ONE      –      INTRODUCTION

1.1  Background of the Study

1.2  Statement of the Problem

1.3  Purpose of the study

1.5  Significance of the study

 

1.6  Research Questions

1.7  Limitation of the Study

1.8  Delimitation of the study

1.9 Operational Definition of Terms

 

CHAPTER TWO – REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE

CHAPTER THREE – RESEARCH DESIGN AND

METHODOLOGY

3.1  Research Design

3.2  Area of the Study

3.3  Population of the study

3.4  Sample and Sampling Procedure

 

3.5  Instrumentation

3.6  Validation of Instrument

3.7  Administration of Questionnaire

3.8  Scoring of Instrument

3.9  Method of Data Analysis

 

CHAPTER FOUR       –       DATA ANALYSIS AND DISCUSSION

OF FINDINGS

4.1  Summary of Findings

4.2  Discussion of Findings

CHAPTER FIVE     – SUMMARY, CONCLUSION AND

RECOMMENDATION

 

5.1  Introduction

5.2  Summary

5.3. Conclusion

5.4  Recommendation

References

Appendices

 

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.1       Background to Study

In Nigeria, English co-exists with an English-based Pidgin. Moreover, both languages serve as lingual Franca amidst over 400 other Nigerian languages spoken in Nigeria. In fact, the long existence of these two language varieties in Nigeria draws attention to the investigation of their mutual influence. Indeed, these two languages have existed together for a long time in Nigeria and traditionally have been serving different purposes.

In Nigeria for instance, English is the official language and it serves prestigious functions as the language of the government, education, media etc. Nigerian English-based Pidgin on the other hand, is a contact Language that originated in Nigeria as a result of European contact with local languages, mostly through trade transactions. It is accorded a low prestige in Nigeria because it is not officially recognized and was mostly used by speakers who could not acquire formal education.

 

THE EFFECTS OF THE NIGERIAN ENGLISH PIDGIN ON ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE OF STUDENTS

On the other hand, the Nigerian English-based Pidgin has gradually gained in importance, because the educated Nigerians also use it in communication. Linguists and researchers for instance have shown that Nigerian English-based Pidgin is now the language with the highest population of users, and also a first language in some minority groups in Nigeria (Igboanusi, 2008).

The most striking change in status is its prominent use in tertiary institutions in Nigeria, which has also resulted in the modification of Nigerian Pidgin in different levels of language use (phonology, morphology, syntax etc). Given the status use and long time co-existence of these languages, contact-induced mutual influence and change is to be expected (e.g. Thomason 2001, Sankoff 2001).

 

Moreover, it is generally agreed that the Nigerian English Pidgins arise from contact situations as the origin of Nigeria Pidgin English is traceable to the contact between the coastal peoples of Nigeria and the Europeans. Egbokhare (2006:6), observes that the first contact was made by the Portuguese around 1469.

 

The Dutch followed about 1593, but soon faded away to be replaced by the English from 1650 onwards. Having said this, one can therefore agree that Nigeria English Pidgin is a language of its own and not just a supplementary tongue as some people see it, since it serves as an unlimited instrument of social communication especially in a multilingual society like Nigeria. The effects of the Nigerian English pidgin on academic performance of students.

Also, linguists, researchers and various studies have shown that the Nigerian English began as an English-based Pidgin and later metamorphosed into various forms and patterns in its usage, (Obiechina, 1984 and Egbokhare, 2001).

Obviously, Nigerian English is seen as a version of English and ethnic Nigerian languages spoken as a kind of Lingua Franca across the country especially among many Nigerian students. However, in an attempt to define Nigerian English, Elugbe and Omamur (48), see it as ‘some kind of a marginal language that arises to fulfill specific communication needs in a well defined circumstance.’

 

Todd (1984) defines Pidgin as a marginal language that arises to fulfill certain restricted communication needs among people who have no common language. He further says that a Pidgin is a common language that has a fixed word order and is syntactically simpler than any other mother tongue variety of English. In other words, the Nigerian Pidgin (NP) is particularly influenced not just by English but by local languages too.

Furthermore, Egbokhare (2001) observes that Nigeria Pidgin (NP) thrives in a linguistically heterogeneous environment like Nigeria with a total of about 436 indigenous languages. Also, Bamgbose (1991) accepts the wide use of Nigerian Pidgin (NP) as a means of communication in Nigeria.

The above triggered the researcher on investigating the problem which the background to this research aims at examining the effects of the Nigerian English -based Pidgin in the academic performance of Akwa Ibom State College of Education students: a study of 300 levels students’ written English.

 

1.2 Statement of the Problem

Without a doubt, there is a high rate on the effects of the Nigerian based English used by students in Secondary and Tertiary institutions in Nigeria. Thus, these effects have influenced the poor communication skills among Nigerian students that are often blamed by teachers.

 

Also, internationally, the Nigerian English based Pidgin is an inferior language and plague-ridden linguistics system when compared to other well-described languages of the world. Looking at this Nigerian Pidgin sentence: “Wetin dey hapun nau?” one knows that it is a derivative of the Standard English equivalent – “What is happening now?” Now, one sees that the expression “Wetin dey’ is a distortion of “What is”; “hapun” is also another distortion of “happening” while “nau” is a corruption of “now”.

Therefore, it is on the above perspectives that the problem which this research seek is to investigate the extent to which the Nigerian English-based Pidgin has affected the use of Standard English in the academic performance of Akwa Ibom State College students.

 

1.3 Objectives of the Study

The main objective of this study is to examine the effects of the Nigerian English pidgin on academic performance of students. Specifically, the study intends to find out:

  • the effects of Nigerian English-based Pidgin on the academic performance of students’ written English of 300 level students of Akwa Ibom State College of Education;
  • The problems encountered by speakers of Nigerian English-based Pidgin on the academic performance of 300 level students of Akwa Ibom State College of Education;
  • the ways to alleviate the effects Nigerian English-based Pidgin English on the academic performance of Akwa Ibom State College of Education students of 300 levels students’ written English .

 

1.4 Research Questions

  • what are the effects of Nigerian English based Pidgin on the academic performance of students’ written cycle of 300 level students of Akwa Ibom State College of Education?
  • what are the problems encountered by speakers of Nigerian English-based Pidgin on the academic performance of 300 level students of Akwa Ibom State College of Education?
  • what are the ways to alleviate the effects Nigerian English- based Pidgin English on the academic performance of Akwa Ibom State College of Education students of 300 levels students’ written English .

 

1.5 Significance of the Study

The study of the effects of the Nigerian English based Pidgin on the academic performance of Akwa Ibom State College of Education students of 300 levels students’ written English will be of benefit to the students, the lecturers, the curriculum planners the government and also the society.

 

Firstly, it is expected to improve the ability of the students to interact effectively in their written English language. Moreover, the teaching of GSE 111, 221 and 321 should be looked into in other to improve good English and to create awareness for the students about the endangerment and harm that Pidgin English is causing in our society and schools.

The findings of this study will serve as a springboard upon which further research can be carried out, possibly to explore new ways on the solutions to the use of Nigerian Pidgin over the Standard English as a useful learning tool. Also, the findings in this study will further enrich the body of knowledge already tapped on the use of Nigerian English based Pidgin and its effects. Students will use the findings and recommendations from this study to examine the extent of the danger which the effects of Pidgin have meted on their usage of the Standard English and ways and approaches to avoid further harm.

Teachers at both primary and secondary levels of institutions will also use the findings to evaluate their method of teaching and interaction with their students. This they will do well when they read from the findings and the dangers of Pidgin English usage that have done on their written English and speaking communication.

 

Definition of Terms:

The Nigerian based English: Nigerian based English is also known as Nigerian Standard English that is spoken in Nigeria.

Pidgin English: A Pidgin English is a language with no set of rules attached to its usage drawn from several languages. It does not involved grammatical simplified means of communication that develops between two or more groups of people.

 The academic performance: In brief, academic performance may be defined as a degree to which a student, teacher or institution has attained their short or long-term educational goals.

 

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Joselyn Nya

My Name is Joselyn Nya A Publisher in Project Boss Team. I'm a Nigerian I'm a graduate/Educational Researcher. Project Boss Team. We are the best for Project materials and project writing services. Email: admin@projectboss.com.ng

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