THE EFFECT OF REALIA MATERIALS UTILIZATION AND ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE OF STUDENTS

THE EFFECT OF REALIA MATERIALS UTILIZATION AND ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE OF STUDENTS
THE EFFECT OF REALIA MATERIALS UTILIZATION AND ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE OF STUDENTS

THE EFFECT OF REALIA MATERIALS UTILIZATION AND ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE OF STUDENTS

DISCOUNT Sales!!! Get complete material at 45 percent Discount TODAY - Pay 1350 instead of ₦3000. Call/WhatsApp 07068634102

 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Title Page

Certification

Approval Page

Dedication

Acknowledgements

 

Table of Contents

List of Tables

List of Appendices

Abstract

CHAPTER ONE:     INTRODUCTION

1.1       Background to the Study

1.2       Statement of the Problem

1.3       Purpose of the Study

1.4       Research Questions

 

1.5       Hypotheses

1.6       Significance of the Study

1.7       Scope of the Study

1.8       Definition of Terms

 

CHAPTER TWO:    REVIEW OF LITERATURE

2.1       Theoretical Framework

2.2       Conceptual Review

2.3       Review of Empirical Studies

2.4       Summary of Literature Review

 

CHAPTER THREE: RESEARCH METHOD                                                                

3.1       Research Design

3.2       Area of the Study

3.3       Population of the Study

3.4       Sample and Sampling Technique

 

3.5       Instrumentation

3.5.1    Validation of the Instrument

3.5.2           Reliability of the Instrument

3.6       Procedure for Data Collection

3.7       Method of Data Analysis

 

CHAPTER FOUR:  RESULTS AND DISCUSSION OF FINDINGS

4.1       Answering the Research Questions

4.2       Testing the Hypotheses

4.3       Summary of Findings

4.4       Discussion of Findings

CHAPTER FIVE: SUMMARY, CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATIONS

5.1       Summary

5.2       Educational Implications of the Findings

5.3       Conclusion

5.4       Recommendations

5.5       Limitations of the Study

5.6       Suggestions for further Study

References

Appendices

 

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.1   Background to the Study

Societies all over the world have use education as an instrument for the administration of National interest and conservative. Moreover, education is an instrument per excellence for effective national development, it foster the worth and development of the individual salve and the general development of the society (National Policy on Education 2014). All these call for function education for the promotion of a programme needs to be relevant, practical and comprehensive while interest and ability should determined the individual direction.

However, real materials which are educational inputs are of vital importance to the teaching of any subject in the school curriculum. In fact, Wales (2017) was of the opinion that the use of real materials in teaching will make discovered facts glued firmly to the memory of students.

 

THE EFFECT OF REALIA MATERIALS UTILIZATION AND ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE OF STUDENTS

Savoury (2015) also added that, a well planned and imaginative use of real materials in lesson would do much to banish apathy, supplement inadequately of books as well as arouse students interest by given the students something practical to see and do, and at the same time encouraging them to remain those items seen in their memory.

He also said that, selection and use of Realia which are related to the basic contents of a course or a lesson, helps in-depth understanding of such a lesson by the students in that they make the lesson attractive to them, thereby arresting their attention and thus, motivating them to learn.

 

Furthermore, Savoury (2019) maintain that using realia in class interaction will limit an imagination and stimulates the mind which will interned encourage creativity by involving the sense. Realia saves time as recognition of objects is immediate and so cuts out the need for lengthily explanations and drawing funny picture on the board.

Udoh (2019) agreed that Realia material makes learning to become real and immediate, he also added that the utilization of racial materials during the teaching and learning of biology a subject emphasizes understanding and practical education and discourage role learning. The effect of realia materials utilization and academic performance of students.

According to Sunday, (2023) Racial are real things or objects (as opposed to representation or models) as they are without alternation, they include coin, tools artifacts plant and animal among others specimen, exhibits, and cut-away objects are some of the classifications used for realia which have great value in vitality every subjects. It is very relevant in learning of science subject like biology, because realia materials make students to have interest in the learning of biology.

 

In addition, realia eliminate distortion in students knowledge on the topics being taught. He identify the relevant of realia materials in the teaching learning process which include:

(1)    Firstly, realia materials makes learning to become real and immediate.

(2)    Secondly, the utilization of realia materials emphasizes understanding and practical education and discourages role learning.

(3)    Also, the utilization of realia materials make access to education more equal and prettified for all learn as.

(4)    Real materials have power to increase rate of learning and at the same time allow teacher to use more time on other gainful activity.

(5)    Furthermore, learners are encourage to be involves in the process of learning. This intern enhances the achievement of behaviour objectives and gives instruction more scientific base.

Since the learners have seen the real materials of the lesson it become more interesting and cannot be forgotten in their memory. Therefore, with this it against this background that, this research was conducted to investigate the the effect of realia materials utilization and academic performance of students.

 

1.2   Statement of the Problem

Undeniably, student persistent poor performance in the subject of biology has been the main concern to all and sundry. It is a known fact that biology is a core subject required not only for placement into tertiary institution, but also form the foundation on which future programme of studies I science and technology is based unfortunately, for some years now, the performance of students in this subject (Biology) has been poor throughout the state beyond (Adebule, 2022).

Thus, this performance has been attributed to a lot of factors by which different researchers in recent years one of such factors is teaching method adopted by Biology teachers in teaching the subject. Experience has also shown that the use of realia materials in the teaching and learning of this important subject aids students to participate rigorously and about efficient learning experience.

However, this therefore made the researcher to carry out this study to examine the effect of realia materials utilization and academic performance of students.

 

1.3   Purpose of the study

The main purpose of this study is to investigate the effect of realia materials utilization and academic performance of students. Specifically, the objectives of this study are:

(i)     To find out the academic performance of students in Biology taught with the use of realia material and those taught without the use of realia materials.

(ii)    To investigate the academic performance of male and female students taught Biology with the use of realia materials.

 

1.4   Significance of the Study

This study will be immense importance to the student teachers, government, and policy makers in various ways, for example.

(i)     Firstly, it would help a good number of Biology teachers to have positive attitude toward the teaching of the subject.

(ii)    Secondly, findings from this study will enable Biology teachers and other science teachers to select and use good materials for the teaching of the subject. The effect of realia materials utilization and academic performance of students.

(iii)    The outcome of this study will also influence retraing of Biology, teachers in the area of materials used.

(iv)   The study will served as feedback to the educational sector, especially department of teacher training and development in curriculum and evaluation.

(v)    The study also provide base data for future researcher studies in area of Biology Education.

 

1.5   Research Hypotheses

The null hypotheses formulated to guide the study are:

(i)     There is no significant difference between academic performance of student taught Biology with realia material and those taught Biology without realia materials.

(ii)    There is no significant difference in academic performance of male and female student taught Biology with use of realia materials.

 

 1.6   Limitation of the Study

In the course of conducting the study certain factors posed significant obstacle to the success of this project, prominent among these factors were:

(i)    Financial constraint: Firstly, the researcher relied solely on the paltry financial contribution of her parent which was hardly sufficient to cater for a research project of this magnitude.

(ii)   Limited Time: Secondly, the time frame of one semester allocated by the college authority to complete and submit findings of this research was not sufficient to cover wider area on the topic. Therefore the report of the research could not be generalized.

 

Definition of Terms

Realia: This is real object from real life used to improve students understanding of the concepts taught in the classroom instruction.

Material: In brief, this refers to the act of doing a material in a classroom interaction

Academic Performance: In brief, this refers to the level of performance that a student’s pediment at the end of evaluation process in school.

Biology: This is a study of living and non living things.

 

Conclusion

Base on the finding of this study, the following conclusion were drawn. Moreover, realia materials are very important in the teaching and learning process and as such, for effective teaching to take place, it is necessary to be adopted by the teachers in the impartation of knowledge to the learners. The use of realia materials in teaching and learning of Biology help to motivate the student. The effect of realia materials utilization and academic performance of students.

Therefore, teachers should use realia materials in teaching to increase the levels of understanding of students and increase class participation. Finally, the realia materials have positive effects where they are used properly in the teaching and learning process.

 

DISCLAIMER: THIS WEBSITE CONTAINS A PROJECT GUIDE aimed to guide project students in writing their original project. Therefore, all information, including but not limited to, text, graphics, images and other material contained on this website are for educational and informational purposes for students, researchers and readers only. To get more useful contents on educational project or instant download of complete project material on any topic or project writing services. Reach out to us with +2347068634102

About Ikemesit 130 Articles
Ikemesit Akpan is my name. I am a Nigerian author. I work with projectboss.com.ng. I'm a researcher and a writer of academic research. ikemesitetukapan20233@gmail.com