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TEACHING METHOD AND ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE OF STUDENTS IN BIOLOGY

TEACHING METHOD AND ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE OF STUDENTS IN BIOLOGY

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TABLE OF CONTENTS

Title Page

Certification

Dedication

Acknowledgments

Abstract

Table of Contents

 

CHAPTER  ONE       –       INTRODUCTION

1.1    Background to the Study

1.2    Statement of the Problem

1.3    Purpose of the study

1.4    Significant of the study

 

1.5    Research Hypotheses

1.6    Limitation of the Study

1.7    Delimitation of Terms

1.8    Definition of Terms

 

CHAPTER TWO        – REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE

CHAPTER THREE     – RESEARCH METHODOLOGY

3.1    Area of the Study

3.2    Research Design

3.3    Population of the Study

3.4    Sample and Sampling Technique

 

3.5    Instrument of Data Collection

3.6    Validation of the Instrument

3.7    Administration of the Instrument

3.8    Scoring of the Instrument

3.9    Method of Data Analysis

 

CHAPTER FOUR – DATA ANALYSIS, RESULTS AND DISCUSSION OF FINDINGS

4.1    Results

4.2    Discussion of Findings

 

CHAPTER FIVE:

SUMMARY, RECOMMENDATIONS AND CONCLUSION

5.1    Summary

5.2    Recommendations

5.2    Conclusion

5.4    Suggestion for further study

References

Appendices

 

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.1    Background to the Study

Education is the primary agent of transformation towards sustainable development in any Nation. Education is a process by which a person is intentionally guided for his development and the development of his society.  It is the deliberate effect to accelerate rate of development and general improvement of the human race (Sunday, 2023). These objectives of education cannot be achieved without the process of teaching and learning, which largely depend on the teaching methods used by teachers generally and Biology teachers in particular.

The teaching of Biology by some teachers is always a very difficult task because Biology is a branch of science that deals with living and non-living things.

 

TEACHING METHOD AND ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE OF STUDENTS IN BIOLOGY

However, effective and efficient instruction leads to effective and efficient learning which depends to a greater extent on an effective classroom communication between the teacher and the learner. In fact, effective instruction which produces effective learning to a large extent depends on the effective interaction and sharing of ideas between the teacher and the learners which result in good academic performance.

Education particularly that in science and technology is the factor for the production of the needed technologies, technicians and craft men as well as skilled artisans who are required to transform the nation’s economy and elevate Nigeria from a  developing nation to a developed nation (Moses, 2023).

 

Without a doubt, the acquisition of an appropriate scientific and technological skill is necessary to cope with the challenges presented by the evolving needs of our industries and ever growing non-formal sector. Education and training system that respond adequately to these demands will therefore contribute to the effects to overcome the growing rate of unemployment and marginalization of majority of the populace.

Furthermore, in Biology, students need to actively construct their own personal awareness and meaning. To substantiate the argument Usume and Onocha (2019) opined that the human brain is not a passive consumer of information, but to learn with understanding they learn must actively construct meaning of what is to be learnt.

 

Despite the prime position Biology occupies in our educational system and the efforts made by researchers to enhance better performance, students performance in biology and other science subjects in general are not encouraging some of the reasons identified for this failure are laboratory inadequacy, teachers attitude, examination malpractice, time constraint for carrying out practical, non-coverage of syllabus, class-size, non professionalism and inadequate and ineffective teaching method adopted by some biology teachers.

Hence, the method of teaching biology in secondary school should be based on practical which is aimed at giving the students the opportunity to gain meaningful learning, acquire appropriate skill and attitude that enable them like and contribute to the national development. Therefore, based on this background, this study aimed to examine teaching method and academic performance of students in biology in secondary schools.

 

1.2    Statement of the Problem

Without reservation, biology is one of the subjects taught in senior secondary schools and is required for admission into tertiary institution if one wants to study some science course. However the performance of students in the subject is poor due mostly to poor teaching method.

Moreover, many seminar and conference papers have been written on teaching methods and academic performance of students in biology in recent times. Indeed, scholars are of the opinion that the teaching method used by teachers in teaching biology students is one decline. It is very disappointing to note that even though there are so many activities to help students improve their performance in biology, many do not perform creditably in internal and external examination it has also been observed that some teachers use in-appropriate teaching methods during their course of instruction delivery.

Moreover, it has been observed that most secondary schools do not have equipment in their laboratories. It is against this background, therefore that investigating into teaching method and academic performance of students in biology in secondary schools.

 

1.3    Purpose of the study

The main purpose of this study is to examine teaching method and academic performance of students in biology in secondary schools. Specifically, the objectives at this study are to:

  1. Compare the academic performance of biology students taught using story experiments and those taught using lecture method of teaching.
  2. Compare the academic performance of biology students using demonstration and discussion methods of teaching.

 

1.4    Significance of the study

The findings of this study will be of immense benefits to educational authority, Government, teachers and prospective researchers.  

Firstly, it will facilitate students academic performance in biology

Secondly, explore appropriate biology teaching methods for use in secondary schools.

Furthermore, it will help biology curriculum planners and education policy makers to develop curriculum and implement policies that will enhance effective and efficient teaching method thereby, improving and increase student’s academic performance.

Lastly, it will serve as a spring board and reference point for future researchers in the area of research.

 

Definition of Terms

Teaching: In brief, this can be defined as the art of helping others to learn effectively.

Method: a method is a way of doing something. It is an approach or a stand, which a teacher adopts to explain a subject matter to a group of students or a student.

Academic Performance: In brief, this has to do with a total outcome of student’s effort in test, assignment and examinations.

Student: this refers to children that go to secondary or tertiary institution of learning.

Biology: this is the study of living and non-things.

 

Conclusion

Arising from the study, the study showed that no significant difference between academic performance of students taught with laboratory experiment and those taught with lecture method.

Due the fact that the method was not appropriately applied in secondary schools because of inadequate laboratory equipments, lack of time for teacher to make use of the small equipment accusable, also teaching using discussion and demonstration method need some time for students to take active part effectively, this was active, this was not available.

However, there was no equipment in the laboratory to carry out an experiment on the topic. As a result of this challenge, students performance using laboratory was not difference from the other lecture method.

 

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Joselyn Nya

My Name is Joselyn Nya A Publisher in Project Boss Team. I'm a Nigerian I'm a graduate/Educational Researcher. Project Boss Team. We are the best for Project materials and project writing services. Email: admin@projectboss.com.ng

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