Research Proposals

TEACHERS VARIABLES AND TEACHING EFFECTIVENESS IN BIOLOGY IN SECONDARY SCHOOLS

TEACHERS VARIABLES AND TEACHING EFFECTIVENESS IN BIOLOGY IN SECONDARY SCHOOLS

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TABLE OF CONTENTS

TITLE PAGE

CERTIFICATION

DEDICATION

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

ABSTRACT

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

CHAPTER ONE – INTRODUCTION

1.1     Background to the Study

1.2     Statement of the Problem

1.3     Purpose of the Study

 

1.4     Significance of the Study

1.5     Research Questions

1.6     Delimitation of the Study

1.7     Limitation of the Study

1.8     Definition of Terms

 

CHAPTER TWO – REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE

CHAPTER THREE – RESEARCH METHODOLOGY        

3.1     Area of the Study

3.2     Research Design

3.3     Population of the Study

3.4     Sample and Sampling Technique        –

 

3.5     Instrument for Data Collection

3.6     Validation of the Instrument

3.7     Administration of the Instrument

3.8     Scoring of the Instrument

3.9     Method of Data Analysis

 

CHAPTER FOUR- DATA ANALYSIS AND DISCUSSION OF FINDINGS

4.1     Data Analysis

4.2     Discussion of Findings

 

CHAPTER FIVE – SUMMARY, RECOMMENDATIONS AND CONCLUSION

5.1     Summary

5.2     Recommendations

5.3     Conclusion

5.4     Suggestions for further Study

References

Appendix

 

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.1    Background to the Study

The task of teaching at secondary school level is so demanding and a student learning in and out of the classroom is directly under the guidance of the teacher. Moreover, in most cases students learning and performance in school is determined by the attitude which the teacher exhibit towards his or her job (Flaunders, 2022).

However, Akinsolu (2020) asserts that availability of qualified teachers determined his teaching effectiveness in classroom. Coonen (2017) emphasizes that teachers involved in in-service training were more effective in classroom as compared to teachers who had not undergo training.

Wirth and Perkins (2023) indicate that teachers’ attitude contributed significantly to students attention in classrooms whereas Adesoji and Olatunsun (2018) illustrate that students attitude was related to teachers’ variables . This therefore meant that teachers’ attitude directly affect students attitude. Adu and Olatundun (2017) contend that teachers’ variables are strong determinant of teaching effectiveness at any level of education.

 

TEACHERS VARIABLES AND TEACHING EFFECTIVENESS IN BIOLOGY IN SECONDARY SCHOOLS

As opined by Waller (2015) “teachers are paid agents of cultural diffusion hired to carry light into dark places. Teachers are also viewed as communications who delve into the centre of our cultural area (Hargraeves, 2023).

On the other hand, a teacher is that personnel who trained younger generations to become useful members of the society. Indeed, teachers have a lot of influence on their classroom practices. Thus, for students to be able to understand what is taught, the teacher has to be competent in the work of teaching. This is the study therefore sought to investigate teachers variables and teaching effectiveness in biology in secondary schools.

 

1.2 Statement of the Problem

Effective teaching and learning of Biology depends to a large extent on teachers’ own knowledge of the content and ability to adequately deliver the instruction to the students. Without reservation, it is a known fact that effective teaching of Biology largely depends on the quality of their secondary school teachers.

Literature has shown that a lot of variables may inhibit or hinder effective dissemination of knowledge to the understanding of the contents by Biology students especially at secondary school level. Specifically, some of such variables include teachers’ qualification, teachers’ years of teaching experience, teachers’ mastery of the subject content, teachers’ commitment, teachers’ communication skills and inadequate use of instructional materials among others.

This is because some students after their junior secondary education still look for more knowledge to function well in the society. Therefore, this study was conducted to determine teachers variables and teaching effectiveness in biology in secondary schools.

 

1.3 Purpose of the Study

The main objective of this study was to examine teachers variables and teaching effectiveness in biology in secondary schools. Specifically, the study was meant to determine:

  1. how teachers’ qualification influence teaching effectiveness in Biology in secondary schools.
  2. how teachers’ years of teaching experience influence teaching effectiveness in Biology in secondary schools.

 

1.4 Significance of the Study

The study is the current interest since functional education depends largely on effective and efficient instruction given by teachers who are at the center of implementing the school curriculum and educational policies.

Secondly, the research on the issue will provide adequate information on the relevance of positive teachers’ strategy classroom instruction. Thirdly, the findings from this study will adjust teachers’ method of teaching and put on those characters that will positively affect their learners in learning any subject. Teachers variables and teaching effectiveness in biology in secondary schools.

 

Fourthly, the result of this study will provide teachers in our primary and secondary schools to see the need to have good manners, good behaviour teaching qualification and select suitable teaching methods for their lessons. Furthermore, it is believed that the study will throw more light on the quality of teachers employed in pre- primary, primary and secondary schools.

In addition, the study will help parents to guide their wards towards achieving from the numerous characteristics of their class teachers to learn and obtain the needed skills from them.

Lastly, the findings from the study will serve as a reference from the study will serve as a reference material to other researchers in the future and as well as show case  the researcher contribution to the development in education in the state as well as the nation at large.

 

1.5 Research Questions

The following research questions were formulated for the study:

  1. To what extent does teachers’ qualification influence teaching effectiveness in Biology in secondary schools?
  2. How does teachers’ years of teaching experience influence teaching effectiveness in Biology in secondary schools?

 

1.6 Delimitation of the Study

This study is restricted to teachers variables and teaching effectiveness in biology in secondary schools in the study area. Among the variables that link to teachers’ variables, only teacher qualification and teachers experience are variables considered in the study. Also only secondary school teachers currently Biology teachers in the study area were included in the study.

 

1.7 Limitation of the Study

This study has some limitations that was unavoidable. The problem of transportation was encountered by the researcher in the course of getting information from teachers from the secondary schools used for the study.

In addition, the researcher was confronted with lack of enough financial resources to help expand the dimension of the study. The time given for the completion and submission of the product could not permit for a wider coverage and more in- depth into the problem situation. This made the study limited to selected secondary schools in Abak local Government Area.

 

Definition of Terms

Teacher: In brief, this is a paid agent whose job is to transfer knowledge to learners in the society.

Teachers’ Variables: This refers to all the typical qualities and features that make a teacher like academic qualification, gender, specialization, communication skills and teaching experience.

 

Teaching: This is the act of imparting knowledge skills and attitude by the professional to the less experienced in an organized setting of an institution.

Teaching Effectiveness: In brief, this is the process whereby a teacher deliberately consciously, systematically plan activities to enable him effect a positive change in the behaviour of students.

 

Conclusion

This study vividly showed those teachers’ variables such as teachers’ qualification and teachers’ experience are some factors inhibiting effective teaching of Biology in secondary schools. As such teachers teaching in school should strive for better academic qualification so as to aid them in effective teaching of many school subjects. Teachers variables and teaching effectiveness in biology in secondary schools.

Based on the objectives of the study the following conclusions were drawn:

  1. There is a significant relationship between teachers’ qualification and effective teaching of Biology in secondary schools.
  2. There is a significant relationship between teachers’ teaching experience and effective teaching of Biology in secondary schools.

 

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Peter Hezekiah

I am Peter Hezekiah, a Nigerian. A graduate of Economics/Education. I'm the Editor in projectboss.com.ng (A online company that deals with writing of final year project and provision of project materials of any topic to final year project students). My personal email is lawsonpeter10@gmail.com. My personal number; +2347068634102

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