Research Proposals

Teachers’ Utilization of Instructional Materials and Students Learning of Biology

Teachers’ Utilization of Instructional Materials and Students Learning of Biology

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TABLE OF CONTENTS

TITLE PAGE

CERTIFICATION

DEDICATION

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

ABSTRACT

TABLE OF CONTENTS

CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION

1.1    Background to the Study

1.2    Statement of the problem

1.3    Purpose of the Study

1.4    Significance of the Study

1.5    Research Hypotheses

1.6    Limitation of Study

1.7   Delimitation of Study

1.8   Definition of Operational Terms

 

CHAPTER TWO:  REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE

 

CHAPTER THREE: RESEARCH METHODS

3.1 Area of the Study

3.2 Research Design

3.3 Population of the Study

3.4 Sample and Sampling Techniques

3.5 Instrumentation

3.6 Administration of Instruments

3.7 Validation of Instrument

3.8 Method of Data Analysis

CHAPTER FOUR: DATA ANALYSIS AND DISCUSSION OF FINDINGS

4.1 Data Analysis

4.2 Discussion of Findings

CHAPTER FIVE: SUMMARY, RECOMMENDATIONS AND CONCLUSION

5.1 Summary

5.2 Recommendation

5.3 Conclusion

5.4    Suggestion for Further Study

References

Appendix

 

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.1 Background to the Study       

The material used by teachers to teach and drive home the subject point at the primary and secondary level of our educational system is nonconvertible a paramount important issue in practical classroom interaction.

Instructional materials are materials which assist teachers to make lessons explicit to learners. However, according to Abdullahi, (2015), instructional materials are materials or tools locally made or imported that could make tremendous enhancement of lesson impart if intelligently used.

Instructional materials include; visuals, audio, and audio-visuals materials such as pictures, flash-cards, posters, charts, tape recorder, radio, video, television, computers among others. Therefore, these materials serve as a supplement to the normal process of instruction. (Osafehniti, 2013),points out that concrete or physical object which provides sound, visual or both the sense organ during teaching-learning process.

 

Furthermore, teachers should use different instructional materials to motivate the learners to learn more effectively. Cronbac (2015), opined that, the use of instructional materials during teaching and learning process can appeal to the individual’s attention among students by creating interest in order to attain the goal for the learner. He also noted that, the use of instructional materials can facilitate the decision of a person towards learning by taking the right actions.

Learning is facilitated when learners make use of their sense organs for seeing, hearing, and touching. (Morenfolia, 2013) pointed out that instructional materials are normally chosen to meet the teaching requirements of an approved curriculum.

Therefore, in the educational development, selection and acquisition of instructional materials in teaching Biology, the relevance of such materials for the contents of the curriculum must be ensured. Therefore, it is against this background that the researcher was interested to investigate the teachers’ utilization of instructional materials and students learning of Biology in secondary schools.

 

Teachers’ Utilization of Instructional Materials and Students Learning of Biology

1.2 Statement of the Problem

In Nigeria, often times when the results of public examination are released, there seem to have been mass failure in Biology. However, the reason for this could be attributed to the fact that there are some topics in Biology that pose serious challenge to the comprehension of the students.

Thus, there is need for the use of instructional materials to teach these topics. This is because some topics cannot be taught effectively without the use of relevant instructional materials to make the lesson practical.

Therefore, it is based on these problems that the researcher was interest is to find out the extent to which instructional materials usage could influence the learning of Biology by students.

 

1.3 Purpose of the Study

Generally, the purpose of this study was to determine teachers’ utilization of instructional material and learning of biology in secondary schools.

Specifically, the study sought to:

  1. Examine teacher’s use of visual materials and student learning of Biology.
  2. Ascertain teachers’ use of audio-visual materials and student learning of Biology.

 

1.4 Significance of the Study

Instructional materials usage gives the learners opportunity to; touch, see, and where possible smell or taste objects in the teaching of Biology. Therefore, the study of this nature is significant to students, teachers and the government at large.

Also, the study would help to enhance teaching effectiveness and productivity.

It will further help the teachers to teach effectively in the class by exposing them, to the real teaching objectives.

Finally, the instructional material usage in this study will enhance and have values in importing information to the learners, teachers, researcher and the government at large.

 

1.5 Research Questions

  1. To what extent does the use of visual materials relate to student learning of Biology in secondary schools?
  2. To what extent does the use of audio-visual instructional materials relate to student learning of Biology in secondary schools?

 

1.6 Research Hypotheses

  1. Visual instructional material does not significantly relate to student learning of Biology in Secondary in schools.
  2. Audio–Visual instructional materials does not significantly relate to student learning of Biology in Secondary schools.

 

1.7 Limitation of the Study

Some of the challenges encounter in the course of this study are as follows:

  1. Time constraint: time duration allowed for the completion of this research work could not be enough for the research to have a wider scope.
  2. Financial problem: this constituted one of the major limitations to the researcher especially as the researcher had to source for relevant materials on the topic and visit the sampled schools under the investigation for data collection.
  3. Insufficient references materials: this also was a problem as the researcher needed enough relevant literature on the topic.

 

1.8 Delimitation of the Study

The focus of this study was to examine teachers’ utilization of instructional material and student learning of Biology in secondary schools. Specifically, the scope if the study is delimited to secondary schools in the study area.

 

1.9 Operational definition of Terms

Instructional materials: these are materials use in the teaching and learning which aid the teacher for easy demonstration and stimulate the sensory of the learners.

Teaching: this is the process by which information is transferred from one person to another in a classroom setting.

Learning: this is the process in which knowledge and idea acquired through the process of teaching.

Usage: this involves the proper utilization of materials.

Biology: this is the scientific study of natural processes of living and non-living things.

Joselyn Nya

My Name is Joselyn Nya A Publisher in Project Boss Team. I'm a Nigerian I'm a graduate/Educational Researcher. Project Boss Team. We are the best for Project materials and project writing services. Email: admin@projectboss.com.ng

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