Research Proposals

TEACHERS’ UTILIZATION OF INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION GADGETS AND THEIR RECORD MANAGEMENT EFFECTIVENESS IN SECONDARY SCHOOLS

TEACHERS’ UTILIZATION OF INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION GADGETS AND THEIR RECORD MANAGEMENT EFFECTIVENESS IN SECONDARY SCHOOLS

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TABLE OF CONTENTS

TITLE PAGE

DECLARATION

CERTIFICATION

DEDICATION

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

ABSTRACT

TABLE OF CONTENTS

LISTS OF TABLES

CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION

1.1     Background of the Study

1.2     Theoretical Framework

1.2.1 Lewin’s Field theory of Motivation

1.2.2 Henri Fayol’s Principles of Management

1.3     Statement the Problem

1.4     Purpose of the Study

1.5     Research Questions

1.6     Research Hypotheses

1.7     Significance of the Study

1.8     Assumptions of the Study

1.9     Scope of the study

1.10   Definition of terms

 

CHAPTER TWO: REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE

2.1     Concept of Information and Communication Gadgets

2.3     Utilization of Information Communication Gadgets and

Record Management   Effectiveness

2.5     Inadequate Professional Training and Effective Utilization

of Information and Communication Gadgets and Record

Management

2.6     Summary of Literature Review

 

CHAPTER THREE: RESEARCH METHODOLOGY

3.1     Research Design

3.2     Research Area

3.3     Population of the Study

3.4     Sampling Technique

3.5     The Sample

3.6     Instrumentation

3.6.1  Validity of research instrument

3.6.2  Reliability of the instrument

3.7     Administration of the Instrument

3.7     Scoring of instrument

3.8     Statistical treatment of the data

 

CHAPTER FOUR: ANALYSIS OF DATA, PRESENTATION AND DISCUSSION OF FINDINGS

4.1     Data presentation

4.1.1  Hypothesis one

4.1.2 Hypothesis Two

4.1.3 Hypothesis three

4.2     Discussion of findings

4.2.1 Hypothesis one

4.2.2  Hypothesis two

4.2.3  Hypothesis Three

 

CHAPTER FIVE: SUMMARY, CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATIONS

 5.1     Summary

5.2     Conclusion

5.3     Recommendations

5.4     Suggestion for further studies

5.6     References

5.7     Appendix

 

ABSTRACT

This study examined the influence of teachers’ utilization of information and communication gadgets and their record management effectiveness in secondary schools in Calabar South Local Government Area, of Cross River State. Three objectives, three research questions and three research hypotheses were formulated for the study. Notable and relevant literatures were reviewed to assist in drawing conclusion. The population for the study included all teachers in public secondary schools in Calabar South Local Government Area which was 307 teachers. The sample size was one hundred (100) subjects selected for the Study; the sampling technique was simple random sampling technique.

The instrument for data collection in the study was a questionnaire entitled “Questionnaire on Information and Communication Gadgets Utilization on Record Management (QICGURM)”. The Questionnaire on Information and Communication Gadgets Utilization on Record Management (QICGURM) was tested to enhance the reliability using chi-square statistical technique after given approval from the research supervisor on validity. The statistical analysis of the data was Pearson product moment correlation statistical technique in order to determine the relationship between the variables under study on effective record management.

 

Findings showed that: there is a significant relationship between the availability of Information and Communication Gadgets and teacher’s effective record management; there is a significant relationship between teachers’ utilization of Information and Communication Gadgets and teacher’s effective record management; and that there is a significant relationship between inadequate professional training of teachers on information and Communication Gadgets and record management in public secondary schools in Calabar South Local Government Area.

  

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.1     Background of the Study

During the past decade, global communications have changed dramatically, as a result of the increased use of information and communication technologies (ICGs) such as televisions, radio and computers. Indeed, ICGs are becoming necessary if countries are to compete on a global scale. Obviously, information and communication gadgets are the science that investigates the properties and behaviour of information. Also, the force governing the flow of information and the means of processing information for optimum accessibility and usability.

 

Moreover, in the past, years, Information Communication Gadget (ICG) have spread through the whole world in a big way. Therefore, computers are finding their way into schools and higher institutions of government and the private sector and other organizations.

 

In many cases, Information Communication Gadgets (ICG) has penetrated work and learning environments unplanned. Many governments and users recognize the potential of Information Communication Gadgets (ICG) and the opportunities it provides, particularly for economic and social development where distances and traditional systems have tended to hamper progress. Information Communication Gadgets (ICG) also presents opportunities for record keeping in developing countries.

Computers has already invaded and dominated universities in the developed world. It has also been widely acknowledged that ICGs have the potential to play an immediate role in the quest create sustainable and equitable development in third World countries.

In Nigeria, over the past years there have been attempts by governments past and present to improve Nigeria’s information highways because of the realization of the use of Information Communication Gadgets (ICG) as a tool for sustainable development, which is indeed significant. This has led to some improvements in Information Communication Gadgets (ICG) infrastructure though there is still room for further improvement. The private sector has also been very instrumental in developments ii this sector, building some form of infrastructure on their own with great success.

 

Records management as a field work and as a means of ensuring productivity has not been given the necessary attention that it deserves in Nigeria until recently when both public and private institutions have started to pay attention to good records management systems and practices.

Although International Standard for the management of business records emphasize the need for good records management as an effective way for countries and organizations to fulfill their obligations and meet expectations of their stakeholders, this requirement has suffered a major backlash in Nigeria.

 

TEACHERS’ UTILIZATION OF INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION GADGETS AND THEIR RECORD MANAGEMENT EFFECTIVENESS IN SECONDARY SCHOOLS

Records and record keeping constitute the life wire of organizations. It would be very difficult to plan and administer any organization such as the school effectively if records are not kept and managed properly. School records are documents, books, diskettes. Also, files which contain information on what goes on in the school (academic and non-academic activities), school personnel. And students as well as other school resources such as instructional materials.

 

The few school authorities that have adopted the electronic record-keeping practice in the record management system of their institutions have risen above such problems of storage and retrieval, as Information Communication Gadgets (ICG) affords the opportunity to have a quick and easy view of all the records on school activities.

Furthermore, in many cases, Information and Communication Gadgets have penetrated work and learning environments unplanned. Many governments and users recognize the potential of Information and Communication Gadgets and the opportunities it provides, particularly for economic and social development where distances and traditional systems have tended to hamper progress. Information and Communication Gadgets also presents opportunities for record management in developing countries.

 

The Information and Communication Gadgets has already invaded and dominated secondary schools in the developed world. The private sector has also been very instrumental in developments in this sector building some form of infrastructure on their own with great success.

However, the few school authorities that have adopted the electronic record-keeping practice in the record management system of their institutions have risen above such problem of storage and retrieval, as Information and Communication Gadgets affords the opportunity to have a quick and easy view of all the records on school activities. Obviously, technological advancement had contributed to the effective storage and management of school records.

 

Similarly, Information and Communication Gadgets and record management have a strong degree of commonality and many complementary skills. Information and Communication Gadgets and record management are both concerned with the creation, storage, accessibility and security of digital information.

 

The ultimate aim of both record management and Information and Communication Gadgets is to support, protect and enable the business of the organization in a cost effective manner now and in the future. With Information and Communication Gadgets, Record management should be simple as compared with the complexity of traditional record keeping.

 

The use of Information and Communication Gadgets for school record keeping and management gives an overview of the number of students that registered. Accurate information on students’ fees payment status, and a comprehensive database of staff. Also, students and instructors with just a click. Therefore, this present study on teachers’ utilization of Information and Communication Gadgets and their records management effectiveness in secondary schools in Calabar South.

 

1.2     Theoretical Framework

This study is anchored on the theory below:

Henri Fayol’s Principle of Management

Lewin’s Field theory of Motivation (1940)

 

1.3     Statement the Problem

Record management in secondary schools in Calabar South has been seen to have been faced with the challenges faced in secondary schools in other Local Government Areas. Consequently, this problem has caused serious concern among teachers, parent, government and educational administrators. Indeed, the parents have blamed the teachers for mismanagement of information.

However, it has been observed that no research had been conducted in secondary schools in Calabar South Local Government Area. On the utilization of information and communication gadgets such as computers, internet and flash drives on record management in secondary schools.

 

Therefore, it is this existing gap that this present study intended to fill up by undertaking the research study on the topic: “teachers’ utilization of Information and Communication Gadgets and their record management effectiveness in secondary schools in Calabar South”.

 

1.4     Purpose of the Study

Generally, this study examined teachers’ utilization of Information and Communication Gadgets and their record management effectiveness in secondary schools in Calabar South. Specifically, the study intends to:

  • Investigate the availability of Information and Communication Gadgets and teachers’ record management effectiveness in secondary schools in Calabar South;
  • Investigate the utilization of Information and Communication Gadgets and teachers’ record management effectiveness in secondary schools in Calabar South;
  • Investigate the relationship between inadequate professional training of teachers on Information and Communication Gadgets and record management effectiveness in secondary schools in Calabar South Local Government Area.

 

1.5     Research Questions

  • What is the relationship between the availability of Information and Communication Gadgets and teachers’ effective record management?
  • What is the relationship between teachers’ utilization of Information and Communication Gadgets and effective record management?
  • What is the significant relationship between inadequate professional training of teachers and Information and Communication Gadgets and record management

 

1.6     Research Hypotheses

  • There is no significant relationship between the availability of Information and Communication Gadgets and teacher’s effective record management.
  • There is no significant relationship between teachers’ utilization of Information and Communication Gadgets and teacher’s effective record management.
  • There is no significant relationship between inadequate professional training of teachers’ information and Communication Gadgets and record management.

 

1.7     Significance of the Study

This study will be significant in many ways; first and foremost, it will sensitize head of schools and school administrators about the importance of information and communication gadgets in the educational system and will also guide them in method of recruiting teachers as well as effective supervision and monitoring of record management in schools. Furthermore, to the teachers, it will create awareness on the need to be effective in the management of records using information and communication gadgets.

Generally, it will enlighten all educational state holders on ways to positively achieve higher record management effectiveness. This study will further give insight and understanding to the utilization of information and communication gadgets and its contributions to record management effectiveness.

The government will therefore see the need to gear up efforts towards development in this area through the provision of information and communication gadgets. This study will serve as index for further studies in the area of record management effectiveness by teachers.

It may also serve as a reference index in a review of related literature to students of education who may wish to take-up further research in the area of information and communication gadgets utilization and record management and other related field.

 

CONCLUSION

Based on the findings of this study, it has shown that the educational system needs proper storage and processing of information such as students’ information, teachers information as well as the school information. Record keeping and management ought to be taken as a vital responsibility. Thus, by school authorities because of the indispensable role records play in the effective day-to-day running of the school.

The school authorities that have adopted the electronic record-keeping practice in the record management system of their institutions. Have risen above such problems of storage and retrieval as Information and Communication Gadgets affords the opportunity to have a quick and easy view of all the records on school activities.

Therefore, it is concluded that: there is a significant relationship between the availability of Information and Communication Gadgets and teacher’s effective record management. There is a significant relationship between teachers’ utilization of Information and Communication Gadgets and teacher’s effective record management.

 

There is a significant relationship between inadequate professional training of teachers on information and Communication Gadgets and record management in secondary schools in Calabar South Local Government Area.

This is because Record keeping and management ought to be taken as a vital responsibility by school authorities because of the indispensable role records play in the effective day-to-day running of’ the school.

However, most school authorities do not have a good cut lure of’ record keeping. The few records that are kept are usually not properly stored.

 

Thus, creating the problem of retrieval to users when needed. The few school authorities that have adopted the electronic record- keeping Practice in the record management system of their institutions have risen above such problems of storage and retrieval, as Information and Communication Gadgets afford the opportunity to have a quick and easy view of all the records on school activities.

Information and communication gadgets had contributed to the effective storage and management of school records and ha e a strong degree of commonality and many complementary skills with the creation, storage, accessibility and security of digital information.

 

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Joselyn Nya

My Name is Joselyn Nya A Publisher in Project Boss Team. I'm a Nigerian I'm a graduate/Educational Researcher. Project Boss Team. We are the best for Project materials and project writing services. Email: admin@projectboss.com.ng

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