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TEACHERS MOTIVATIONAL STRATEGIES AND ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE OF SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS

TEACHERS MOTIVATIONAL STRATEGIES AND ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE OF SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS

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TABLE OF CONTENTS

Title Page

Certification

Dedication

Acknowledgments

Abstract

Table of Contents

CHAPTER ONE:    INTRODUCTION  

1.1     Background to the Study

1.2     Statement of the Problem

1.3     Purpose of the Study

 

1.4     Significance of the Study

1.5     Research Hypotheses

1.6     Delimitation of the Study

1.7     Limitation of the Study

1.8     Definition of Terms

 

CHAPTER TWO: REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE

CHAPTER THREE:         RESEARCH METHODS

3.1     Area of the Study

3.2     Research Design

3.3     Population of the Study

3.4     Sample and sampling Technique

 

3.5     Instrument for Data Collection

3.6     Validation of the Instrument

3.7     Administration of the Instrument

3.8     Scoring of the Instrument

3.9     Method of Data Analysis

 

CHAPTER FOUR: DATA ANALYSIS AND DISCUSSION OF FINDINGS

4.1     Data Analysis

4.2     Discussion of Findings

CHAPTER FIVE:   SUMMARY, RECOMMENDATIONS AND CONCLUSION

5.1     Summary

5.2     Recommendations

5.3     Conclusion

5.4     Suggestion for Further Studies

References

Appendix

 

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.1    Background to the Study

Motivation is a factor required in the realization of the objectives of education in Nigerian secondary schools. Inadequate use of motivation by teachers therefore may go a long way in decreasing students’ interest in learning. Patrick (2023) refers to motivation as an act that causes a person to act or to do something. Olabaji (2023) views motivation as an incentive which incites, inspires and promotes the desire for the individual in learning. It also makes the study interesting to students.

The learning environment, teachers’ motivation and knowledge development of (students) learners relatively need attention in the field of teaching and learning. What happens in the classroom between psychological implication of teachers concerning their motivation and students’ ability to study well has an impact on students’ academic achievement and opportunity to learn?

The concept of teachers’ motivation on students’ academic achievement continues to be a vital topic throughout all levels of education. Various approaches which a teacher use in motivating students have been articulated in education circles but educators are still coming to terms with best-fit models to inspire students in classroom settings.

 

According to Alexander (2010), motivational techniques could arouses interest, enthusiasm and regulate the student’s behavior in order to perform different tasks with interest for the attainment of educational goals.

Critically, teachers’ motivation can be classified into intrinsic motivation and interest in activities that exists within an individual rather than outside pressure. It is the foundation of having enjoyment in performing activity without any external incentives.

 

Whereas, individuals who are extrinsically motivated need, rewards and the punishments to engaged in any activity. For students, rewards can be in the form of grades and marks in examination or test. Achievement motivation is concerned with achieving the successful outcomes at the end of the process.

 

TEACHERS MOTIVATIONAL STRATEGIES AND ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE OF SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS

According to Oziki (2012), availability of teaching/learning resources and teachers’ motivation enhances the effectiveness of schools as these are basic things that can bring about good academic achievement in the students. Obviously, in teaching-learning process with the help of the teachers’ motivational strategy can maintain, control, and arouse interest of the learners.

 

Learner is motivated by support of his concerns with the ongoing activities and interest. In education, motivation is implemented in terms of what and how students learn about the subject matter. Students’ learning process becomes more successful by using different motivational strategies.

In the teaching-learning process, teachers’ motivation is used to encourage and boost up the students’ ambition so that they can put more effort in their learning process. Motivation in education is the degree of self-esteem to processes and sense of value to determine how well the student can improve and develop their learning which can exploit their potential (Halonen and Santrock, 2019).

As opined by Sprint (2012), teachers can utilize successful strategies and tactics to make learning effective because motivation plays a significant role to arouse the students’ interest towards the learning process. At all educational levels it is important for instructors to understand the potential value of motivational practices. This is because students’ engagement remains an important concern among educators.

 

Although, it is believed that the reward for the teachers is in heaven. For this Economics teachers may use positive reinforcement because it plays a significant role in achieving the students’ academic achievements. However, this study therefore seeks to examine teachers motivational strategies and academic performance of secondary school students in Abak Local Government Area.

 

1.2    Statement of the Problem

The performance of students towards achieving educational goals is said to be very important in most society today. The negative achievement of students towards an educational aims and objectives could be associated to the low motivational strategy used by teachers most especially in the area of Economics. Teachers have the biggest impact on the success and flaws of students’ academic achievement because their teaching motivations are instrumental in helping them to learn.

Oziki (2012) stated that teachers have the biggest impact on the success and flaws of students’ academic performance because their teaching motivations are instrumental in helping them learn and one approach is likely to produce different results from another. This motivation may be aroused by either extrinsic and intrinsic stimuli both of which are important in directing and regulating the learner’s behaviour towards attainment of the desired goals (Romers, 2003).

The teachers in most secondary schools faced daily with a variety of problems in his teaching Economics in the class. One of such problems include that students are not motivated during teaching and learning activities. Other factors responsible for poor academic achievement of students in Economics were class attendance, marking and returning of test scripts, giving of assignments or tasks, use for reward and punishment, use of praise and blame, use of knowledge of result or feedback among others.

However, when some of the above motivational strategies are employed by teachers teaching Economics, students’ achievement in the subject will improve. It was based on the above premise that this study was conducted to investigate teachers motivational strategies and academic performance of secondary school students in Abak Local Government Area.

 

1.3    Purpose of the Study

The main purpose of this study is to ascertain teachers motivational strategies and academic performance of secondary school students in Abak Local Government Area. Specifically, the objectives of the study are:

  1. To find out the relationship between teachers’ regular class attendance and secondary school students’ academic performance.
  2. To examine the relationship between marking and returning of test scripts and secondary school students’ academic achievement.
  3. To asses the relationship between giving of assignments and secondary school students’ academic achievement.

 

 

1.4    Significance of the Study

The study shall be significant in the following ways:

  • It will help government and education board to understand the influence of teachers’ motivational strategy on students’ academic achievement especially in Economics so that they can advise teachers on how and ways to motivate students.
  • It will also enable teachers to structure students’ education through improvisation of teaching resources to make them more effective in helping to improving the efficiency of their academic performance.

 

  • It will bring to light the role of motivation in the classroom experience of Economics students in secondary schools. Whether this element of motivation is an added factor to achievement by students of Economics in schools.
  • The stakeholders in education to motivate Economics teachers as this will help the teachers teaching the subject to look for better ways they can motivate their students for better academic achievement.
  • Finally, the outcomes of this study will serve as a reservoir of knowledge where future researchers can easily tap knowledge as the work will be documented.

 

1.5    Research Hypotheses

The following null hypotheses were formulated to guide the study:

  1. There is no significant relationship between teachers’ regular class attendance and secondary school students’ academic achievement.
  2. There is no significant relationship between marking and returning of test scripts and secondary school students’ academic achievement.
  3. There is no significant relationship between giving of assignments and secondary school students’ academic achievement.

 

1.6    Limitation of the Study

Several challenges were encountered while undertaking this research work. Some of these include:

  1. The period given for the completion of this study was not enough for a wider and more in-depth study.
  2. Lack of funds to procure necessary materials for the study and high lost of transportation in getting to the sampled schools constituted some hindrances.
  3. The researcher also faced challenges like inability to reach out for enough print materials since it was carried out along side with other academic works.

 

Definition of Terms

Teacher: This is a paid agent whose job is to transfer knowledge to learners in the society.

Motivation: This is a force which initiates, energize, sustains and stimulates learner’s behaviour to act towards a chosen goals.

Strategy: The process adopted by a teacher to deliver his/her lesson in order to ascertain the stated objectives in the learners.

Teachers’ motivation: This is described as the ways by which a teacher tries to motivate their learners in order for them to try their best for better academic achievement.

 

Teachers’ Motivational Strategies: These are methods adopted by a teacher to motivate students to take active part during teaching and learning for better academic achievement.

Regular Class Attendance: This refers to the number of time a student attend Economics class within a particular term.

Class Assignment: This is an educational task given by the teacher to their learners to test how far they have understood the concept taught in the class.

Academic Achievement: This refers to the scoring or exhibited ability of students in school test, examination and other related activities in the school.

 

Conclusion

The findings from the study affirmed that for students to learn Economics effectively and for better academic achievement in the subject.

Appropriate motivational strategies such as teachers’ regular class attendance, marking and returning of students’ scripts as well as giving of assignment to the students should be adopted. This is due to the fact that motivation during teaching and learning of Economics by the teacher helps in making the students excited.

Based on the objectives of the study, the following conclusions were made for the study:

  1. There is a significant relationship between teachers’ regular class attendance and secondary school students’ academic achievement in Economics.
  2. There is a significant relationship between marking and returning of test scripts and secondary school students’ academic achievement in Economics.
  3. There is a significant relationship between giving of assignments and secondary school students’ academic achievement in Economics.

 

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Peter Hezekiah

I am Peter Hezekiah, a Nigerian. A graduate of Economics/Education. I'm the Editor in projectboss.com.ng (A online company that deals with writing of final year project and provision of project materials of any topic to final year project students). My personal email is lawsonpeter10@gmail.com. My personal number; +2347068634102

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