Research Proposals

TEACHERS’ CHARACTERISTICS AND TEACHING EFFECTIVENESS IN BIOLOGY IN SECONDARY SCHOOLS

TEACHERS’ CHARACTERISTICS AND TEACHING EFFECTIVENESS IN BIOLOGY IN SECONDARY SCHOOLS

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TABLE OF CONTENTS

Title Page

Certification

Dedication

Acknowledgements

Abstract

Table of Contents

 

CHAPTER ONE – INTRODUCTION

1.1     Background to the Study

1.2     Statement of the Problem

1.3     Purpose of the Study

1.4     Significance of the Study

 

1.5     Research Questions

1.6     Research Hypotheses

1.7    Limitation of the Study

1.8    Delimitation of the Study

1.9   Definition of Terms

 

CHAPTER TWO – REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE

CHAPTER THREE – RESEARCH METHODOLOGY

3.1     Research Design

3.2     Area of the Study

3.3     Population for the study

3.4     Sample and Sampling Technique

3.5     Instrumentation

 

3.6     Validation of Instrument

3.7     Administration of the Instrument

3.8     Method of Data Analysis

 

CHAPTER FOUR – DATA PRESENTATION, ANALYSIS AND DISCUSSION OF FINDINGS

4.1     Data presentation and Analysis

4.2     Discussion of Findings

  

CHAPTER FIVE     –        SUMMARY, RECOMMENDATIONS AND CONCLUSION

5.1     Summary

5.2     Recommendations

5.3     Conclusion

5.4     Suggestion for Further Studies

References

Appendix

 

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.1     Background to the Study

Teaching is quite a complex concept and it usually demands knowing the context in which it is used to know in what sense we are using when the word “Teaching” is mentioned. According to Ekanem & Ekanem (2023) teaching is seen as an act which require describing the many body movements involved during the teaching exercise such as talking, writing, stretching, sitting amongst others which can only be done by a trained and qualified teacher.

Teaching is the conscious and deliberate effort by a mature or experienced person and imparts information, knowledge, skillsto an immature or less experienced person with the intention that the later will learn or come to believe what he/she is taught on grounds that are good. In fact, the success of the learner in certain endeavour may be a function of effective teaching of the teacher.

 

TEACHERS’ CHARACTERISTICS AND TEACHING EFFECTIVENESS IN BIOLOGY IN SECONDARY SCHOOLS

Adodo (2021) acknowledged this when stating that one key overriding factor for the success of students’ academic performance is the teacher. In another related study, Adeogun (2015) opined that the quality of the educational system depends on the quality of its teaching staff and that a school without human resources may not be able to achieved the goals and objectives of the educational system. In addition, the author added that teachers are the major indicator and determinants of quality education.

 

Furthermore, highly professional teachers who are dedicated are needed in schools as these accounts to the correlation between what the teachers know and what they teach. Thus, the ability to teach effectively depends on teachers’ variables.

Moreover, Usman (2018) posited that good teacher’s characteristic is responsible for effective teaching among the teachers. Usman maintained that students taught by more qualified and more experienced teachers in terms of knowledge of the subject matter perform better than those taught by less qualified and less experienced teachers. Therefore, from the above background, this study aimed to examine teachers’ characteristics and teaching effectiveness in biology in secondary schools.

 

1.2     Statement of the Problem

Successful management and realization of objectives of teaching to a large extent can be attributed to many factors. Of these factors, teachers’ availability as well as their effectiveness play a very critical role. However, despite the important role of teachers in the teaching learning process, there have been poor performances of students in their internal and external examinations (Essien, 2016). Biology being the core science subject that is offered education has been seen to have been faced with the challenges faced by other subjects in terms of poor performance of students (Essien, 2016).

However, these poor performances among students have caused serious concern among teachers, parents, government, educational administrators and even students themselves. Undeniably, the parents and teachers have blamed the students for not reading. Scholars and researchers generally are in agreement that teacher’s characteristics such as qualification (Ekanem & Ekanem, 2023), relevant years of teaching experience (Ekpo, 2016) and gender (Ekanem, 2014) play a critical role in the educational system in terms of the effectiveness of teachers and the academic performance of students.

However, none of these studies known to the researcher was concluded in secondary schools in this study area. Therefore, it is this existing gap that this present study intended to fill the research study on the topic teachers’ characteristics and teaching effectiveness in biology in secondary schools.

 

 1.3     Purpose of the Study

The main purpose of this study was to investigate teachers’ characteristics and teaching effectiveness in biology in secondary schools. Specifically, the study was designed to:

(i)      Examine teachers’ qualification and teaching effectiveness in Biology in secondary schools.

(ii)      Investigate teachers’ teaching experience and teaching effectiveness in Biology in secondary schools.

(iii)     Examine teachers’ gender and teaching effectiveness in Biology in Secondary schools.

 

1.4  Significance of the Study

The findings of this research study may be of immense benefit to teaches, schools administrators, parents and future researchers in the following ways:

(i)      To Biology Teachers, it may create awareness on the need to be effective in their teaching and to be supportive of students in order to improve on their academic performance.

(ii)      To the school administrators the findings of this study may guide them in method of recruitment of teachers as well as effective supervision and monitoring of teaching and learning in schools. Teachers’ characteristics and teaching effectiveness in biology in secondary schools. 

(iii)     Furthermore, to parents, the findings of this study may create awareness on the need to motivate their children’s teachers through provision of financial and material support.

(iv)    Lastly, the findings of this study may serve as a reference material for future study on relationship between teachers’ characteristics and teaching effectiveness in Biology and other related subjects.

  

Definition of Terms

Teacher: A person who delivers instructions to students in school voluntarily or obligatory aimed at inducing learning and change in behaviour.

Characteristics: Those different qualities that exists among teachers that can vary from teacher to teacher and with time. These are teachers’ qualification, years of teaching experience and gender as used in this study.

Biology: In brief, this is a science which deals with the study of plants and animals.

Teachers’ Qualification: This is the level of educational attainment of the teacher which are B.Sc/B.Sc (Ed) and NCE respectively as used in this study.

Teaching Experience: In brief, this is the number of years a teacher stays in service, teaching Biology.

 

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Ikemesit

Ikemesit Akpan is my name. I am a Nigerian author. I work with projectboss.com.ng. I'm a researcher and a writer of academic research. ikemesitetukapan20233@gmail.com

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