Project

SURVEY OF RABBIT PRODUCTION

SURVEY OF RABBIT PRODUCTION IN NIGERIA: A CASE STUDY OF ANKPA LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA

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CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.1 Background to the Study

Rabbits are small, long ears, short tails mammals, in the family laphoridae with the order lagomorphs, found in the several part of the world. Rabbit farming is an agric business with a high management especially due statistics showing that over one million tons of rabbit meat is consumed yearly around the world (Baruwa, 2023). They are also characterized with gestation period of 31 to 33 days. This livestock is a great source of income and food for part of Africa including Nigeria.

There are no little or no religious limitation consumption of rabbits like other livestock such as swine. They are cheaper to rise than other higher livestock, grasses, leaves and some types of waste can be a great rabbit meal. The meat is highly nutritious tasty and easily digestible even rabbit production is a veritable way of alleviating animal protein deficiency in Nigeria (Ray Molbay, 2018).

 

Rabbit production in most developing countries are basically targeted for family consumption, especially where high quality protein like meat, fish and eggs are needed (Pasupathi, et al., 2014). The survey of rabbit production in Nigeria.

Rabbit farming is significant to small scale farmers due to its low cost of production, high production potentials, adaptability to a wide range conditions, high efficiency in converting forage to meat, which contain low fat and sodium levels, it’s indeed a shortest route of improving their livelihood (Szendrő et al., 2012). Neonatal mortality is estimated to be around 16-20% especially under the intensive system of managements (Gedenne et al., 2017).

In Nigeria the rate of post-partum mortality in rabbit kits is disturbing, particularly during the early stage of life. According to Szendro et al. (2012), mortality is high in rabbit kits within 4 to 8 weeks’ old and subsequently, it will decrease to zero when they reach 3 months or older, depending on the management and farmer’s education in rabbit production. These and other factors definitely limits the production potentials and lowers the income generation of most rabbit farmers. (Coureaud et al., 2000; Drummond et al., 2000).

 

SURVEY OF RABBIT PRODUCTION IN NIGERIA

Although, rate of neonatal mortality in rabbit is high, it may be averted, when adequate care of their general wellbeing is properly managed (Szendrő et al., 2012). Most common causes of neonatal deaths in rabbits include; abandonment of the litters which are usually of unknown causes, insufficient milk production, cannibalism, mutilation and delivery of a malformed newborn. In other words, chances of neonatal survivals are largely dependents on the dam after delivery (Coureaud et al., 2000). The diet of the pregnant doe also influences postpartum mortality in which case, feeds and water must be uncontaminated especially with rodent feces (Chah et al., 2017).

In Nigeria today there are major factors that favor rabbit production such as population production growths in Nigeria is increasing rapidly and this call for increase in production of livestock input to meet the protein demand of population. More so rabbits are characterized by short gestation period which help the peasant farmer and also high reproductive potential, rapid growth rate and the ability to utilize forage. Small farming system with the rabbits feed on crop residues, weed waste, fruits vegetables and poultry droppings.

 

Furthermore the manual can be used as fertilizer to crop and gardens and lastly of all is the meat which is an important source of good quality protein as it devoid of fats. For over three decades now the contribution of small holder rabbit units to food security in developing countries has been clearly recognized (Baruwa, 2014).

 

1.2. Statement of the Problem

Rabbits production in Nigeria plays a significant role in the development and provision of food and materials for marketing purposes; however there are some problems which may be affecting the production of rabbit in Nigeria; these problem could be poor management procedure, poor funding and lack of treatment measure for health problem promotion rabbit production area of agriculture and un ability to select good breed stock for rearing by the farmer.

It has been observed that, the availability of veterinary services and cost of drugs for rabbit treatment is not high increase rabbit production and tend to low demand of veterinary service and direct consultation. Additionally there are necessary equipment for rabbit production which includes feeders, drinkers, nest box, weighing balance, scrapers, wire bush, shovels and thermometer etc.

 

Rabbits production in Nigeria plays a significant role in the development and provision of food and materials for marketing purposes. However, there are some problems which may be affecting the production of rabbit in Nigeria; these problem could be poor management procedure, poor funding and lack of treatment measure for health problem promotion rabbit production area of agriculture and unability to select good breed stock for rearing by the farmer.

Secondly, there have been series of studies on rabbit production but not even a single study has been carried out on the management of rabbit production by peasant farmer. The researcher aim at the survey of rabbit projection in Ankpa Local government Area of Kogi State.

 

1.3          Purpose of the study

The purpose of this study was on the survey of rabbit projection in Ankpa Local government Area of Kogi State, Nigeria. The specific objectives are:

  1. To find out how demographic factors influence rabbit production in Ankpa Local government Area.
  2. To find out the relationship between rabbit production and the farmers’ attitude in in Ankpa Local government Area.
  3. To determine how the level of family incomes influence rabbit production in in Ankpa Local government Area.
  4. To find out how rabbit products influence rabbit production in Ankpa Local government Area.

 

1.4     Research Questions

The following research questions guided the study:

How do demographic factors influence rabbit production in Ankpa Local government Area?

What is the relationship between farmers’ attitude and rabbit production among rabbit farmers in Ankpa Local government Area of Kogi State?

How do family incomes influence rabbit production in Ankpa Local government Area of Kogi State?

How do rabbit products influence rabbit production in Ankpa Local government Area of Kogi State?

 

1.6          Significance of the Study

Expansion of the sector would contribute much more towards wealth and job creation, as well as improve food security and diet improvement. It was important to have the study so that as the government continue to fund for rabbit production project, then it would be possible for the government and other private investors to strategize on how to expand and sustain the rabbit production as source of income and its contribution towards food security especially among the 49.1% rural poor community. The survey of rabbit production in Nigeria.

The entrepreneurs would make use of the value chain to ensure its enrichment, with some opting for production and breeding, others on support services e.g. (feeds and drugs manufacturers, equipment provision), and others on processing and value addition.

 

1.7          Limitations of the Study

Some of the challenges encountered while conducting the research include lack of sufficient funds and short duration assigned for the study.

1.8          Delimitation of the study

This study is delimited in scope to the survey of Rabbit production in Ankpa Local Government Area of Kogi State. It covers the residents of Ankpa Local Government Area who engages in rabbit production. However, the study covers the demographic factors, income, farmers’ attitude and rabbit products and how they influenced rabbit production in Ankpa Local Government Area.

 

1.9          Definition of significant terms

Rabbit: A rabbit is a small furry animal with long ears.

Rabbit production refers to the breeding and raising of rabbits for meat, fur, or as pets.

 

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Ikemesit

Ikemesit Akpan is my name. I am a Nigerian author. I work with projectboss.com.ng. I'm a researcher and a writer of academic research. ikemesitetukapan20233@gmail.com

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