Research Proposals

STUDY HABITS AND ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE IN ECONOMICS AMONG SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS

STUDY HABITS AND ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE IN ECONOMICS AMONG SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS

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TABLE OF CONTENTS

Title Page

Certification

Dedication

Acknowledgements

Abstract

Table of Contents

 

CHAPTER ONE – INTRODUCTION

1.1     Background to the Study

1.2     Statement of the Problem

1.3     Purpose of the Study

1.4     Significance of the Study

 

1.5     Research Questions

1.6     Research Hypotheses

1.7     Limitation of the Study

1.8     Definition of Terms

 

CHAPTER TWO – REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE

CHAPTER THREE – RESEARCH METHODOLOGY        

3.1     Area of the Study

3.2     Research Design

3.3     Population of the Study

3.4     Sample and Sampling Technique

3.5     Instrument for Data Collection

3.6     Validation of the Instrument

 

3.7     Administration of the Instrument

3.8     Scoring of the Instrument

3.9     Method of Data Analysis

 

CHAPTER FOUR – ANALYSIS OF DATA AND DISCUSSION OF FINDINGS

 4.1     Data Analysis

4.2     Discussion of Findings

 

CHAPTER FIVE – SUMMARY, RECOMMENDATIONS AND CONCLUSION

5.1     Summary

5.2     Recommendations

5.3     Conclusion

5.4     Suggestions for further Study

References

Appendix

 

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.1 Background to the Study

Undoubtedly, education is the greatest instrument in which man has devised for his own progress. Over the years, investigations of the factors that influence academic performance of students have attracted the interest and concern of teachers, counselors, psychologists, researchers and school administrators. This is because of the public outcries concerning the low standard of education in the country (Nuthana and Yenagi, 2019).

Research on the correlation between study habits and students’ academic performance has for long received attention from scholars and educational agencies. Study habits are learning tendencies that enable students to work privately whether systematic, efficiently or inefficiently.

 

Going by this definition, it literally means that good study habits produce positive performance while bad study habits lead to academic failure. Therefore, study habits are measured directly through reports, examination assessment and rating. Students’ attitude and study habits toward any subject has been described as a function of their belief about the subject and implicit evaluative responses with those beliefs (Sogbetun, 2021).

In Nigeria, there are so many factors that influence the ability of students to cultivate effective and efficient study habits. As opined by Hussain (2020), such factors that are capable of influencing the academic performance of secondary school students are state of health, motivation, anxiety, their environment, adequate infrastructures like textbooks and well equipped libraries.

 

STUDY HABITS AND ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE IN ECONOMICS AMONG SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS

In every school setting, learning and studying is one of the most important responsibilities of students. Maintaining good study habits will help them study their materials well in order to succeed. The importance of study habit in students’ life is that, it plays a major role in their academic achievement because without studies, no one can be successful. However, poor study habits will make it hard for learners to excel in their subjects such as Economics (Standford, 2022).

The task of learning is not dependent on teacher alone, but on the learning procedures adopted by the learner. Efficient learning depends upon the learner’s ability to schedule his time, the plan of the study, the habit of concentration, note taking, mental review, over-learning, the judicious application of whole and part methods, cooperative learning, etc (Yang Yang, 2021).

 

Positive academic performance and achievement depends on the student’s ability to schedule his time, plan his study, the habit of concentration, note –taking, mental review, over learning and the judicious application of whole and part method of learning. In other words, positive academic performance is a function of proper study habits and skills.

Since study habits are important factors in learning, it becomes necessary to investigate into its nature. As such, this study was conducted to find out the influence of study habits on academic performance of students in Economics among secondary school students in Abak Local Government Area.

 

1.2    Statement of the Problem

For any child to fit into today’s society which is full of risk and technological advancement, he must be very economical in time allocation and usage. Therefore, the poor academic performance of students in Economics in recent years on both internal and external examinations cannot be overemphasized which is the major concern of this study.

Moreover, it is observed that this poor performance in Economics may be due to the child’s study habit. This gives educational planners and researchers a cause of concern to educate students on their study habits in order to boost their academic achievement in school subjects. This is because positive academic performance demands a conducive and favourable academic environment as well as good study habits by the learners.

A very good and conducive environment encourages students study habit and might have positive impact on their academic achievements but students reading in an unfavorable environment, might find it difficult to study, which might affect their academic achievements. In the light of the above, the study was undertaken to find out how study habits of students influence their academic performance in Economics among secondary school students in Abak Local Government Area.

 

Purpose of the Study

The main aim of the study was to examine study habits and academic performance in economics among secondary school students. In specific terms, the objectives of the study are:

  1. To examine the influence of students’ constant reading on their academic performance in Economics.
  2. To assess the influence of students’ class participation on their academic performance in Economics.
  3. To examine the influence of students’ concern for class assignment on their academic performance in Economics.

 

Significance of the Study

This research will be of significant to the following groups of people:

  • Students will have better understanding of the effect of study habits on their academic performance and it will help serve as a guide for positive result.
  • School heads and proprietors will prioritize their prep time for development of better students effective study habits rather than lazying about during prep.

 

  • Government will benefit immensely from the study as it will give them better understanding on how to make resources available to the building of libraries in schools which will eventually increase the students study habits and their academic performance in Economics.
  • This research will also serve as resource materials to other scholars and researchers interested in carrying out further research in this field. Subsequently, if the recommendations are applied, it will help provide new explanations to the topic.

 

1.5    Research Questions

The following research questions were formulated to guide the study:

  1. To what extent does students’ constant reading influence their academic performance in Economics?
  2. How does students’ participating in class influence their academic performance in Economics?
  3. To what extent does students’ concern for class assignment influence their academic performance in Economics?

 

Research Hypotheses

The following null hypotheses were formulated for the study:

  1. There is no significant difference in the academic performance of students in Economics between those who have positive reading habits and those with negative reading habit.
  2. There is no significant difference in the academic performance of students in Economics between those who participate in class and those who do not participate in class.
  3. There is no significant difference in academic performance of students in Economics between those who show seriousness in doing their assignment and those who do not show seriousness in doing their assignment.

 

Limitation of the Study

Several problems were encountered while undertaking this research work. Some of these include:

  1. The period given for the completion of the study was not enough for a wider and more in-depth study.
  2. Lack of funds to procure necessary materials for the study and high cost of transportation in getting to sampled schools. That was the reason the researcher limited it to only four secondary schools in the area of study.
  3. Lack of enough previous research materials on the subject was also an added constraint encountered during the course of this work.

 

Definition of Terms

Study Habits: This is a behaviour that is systematically formed by students towards learning and achievement.

Positive Reading Habit: This occurs when a student have positive attitude towards his/her academic work in terms of reading.

Negative Reading Habit: This occur when a student have negative attitude towards his/her academic work in terms of reading.

Assignment: This is an academic activity given to the students by the teacher to carryout at home to improve their academic performance.

 

Academic Performance: This is measured as the capacity of a learner in terms of the attainment in quantitative form of specified learning objectives in a given curriculum. Ekeng (2016) added that academic performance refers to the ability of the students in the classroom process where a learner performs creditably well or poorly during examinations.

Economics: This is the science which studies human behaviour as a relationship between ends and scarce means which have alternative uses.

Secondary Schools: This refers to a school or learning environment responsible for the training of students from 10 to 18 years of age.

Students: A person formally engaged in learning, especially one enrolled in secondary school, college or university.

 

Conclusion

Based on the specific objectives of the study, the following conclusions were drawn:

  1. There is a significant difference in the academic performance of students in Economics, between those who have positive reading habit and those with negative reading habit.
  2. There is a significant difference in the academic performance of students in Economics between those who participate in class and those who do not participate in class.
  3. There is a significant difference in academic performance of students in Economics between those who show seriousness in doing their assignment and those who do not show seriousness in doing their assignment.

 

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Peter Hezekiah

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