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STUDY HABIT AND ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE OF PUPILS IN SOCIAL STUDIES

STUDY HABIT AND ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE OF PUPILS IN SOCIAL STUDIES

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ABSTRACT

The study investigated study habit and academic performance of pupils. The population of the study was made up of all the pupils in 2022/2023 session in all the Primary Schools. Two hundred pupils were randomly selected from ten primary schools in the study area as the sample size.Two research questions and two hypotheses were formulated to guide the study. A survey research design was adopted for the study.

Questionnaire on Study Habits and Academic Performance of Pupils and past result of pupils in second terminal examination in Social Studies were used as instrument for data collection. The independent t-test was the statistical method adopted in analyzing the data collected for the study.

Findings showed that there is a significant difference in academic performance of pupils who adopted personal study timetable and note-taking study habits and those who do not adopt personal study timetable and note-taking in Pupils in Primary Schools in Oruk Anam Local Government Area.

 

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.1   Background to the Study

Learning is a purposeful, conscious and complex process. An important feature of learning is that it involves a complex interaction between the learner and the learning concepts. According to Ekwe (2023) the learners occupy the central role for learning to occur as learning cannot be forceful and as such the learners must be ready to learn before they can learn. The study habit and academic performance of pupils in social studies. Bamin, Kazi and Hasan (2022) observed that in addition to personal and mental developments, study is critical for ensuring ones access to social, economic and civic life. Studying is considered to be crucial for people from all cross sections of life for successfully coping with the complexities and challenges of the 21st century.

 

STUDY HABIT AND ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE OF PUPILS IN SOCIAL STUDIES

Studying for an examination can be one of the most stressful events in a learner’s life. In recent time, primary school pupils attending secondary school, experience a problem of coping with the transition from primary schools to secondary schools is very difficult. For brilliant learners to maintain their grade level from primary school until graduation is always taskful  and may seem energy-sapping for the learners.

 

Also for the dull learners to improve in their studying level demands a great task likewise in both instance, studying for examination has been a challenge as some learners may “cram” in order to pass while other study in advance before the examination.

However, Salami and Aremu (2016) are of the opinion that through the internationalization of good study habits, both failing and passing learners will raise their grades and ineffective study habits on the other hand erode self-confidence among pupils which leads to poor academic performance as well as poor self-esteem and cheating in examination to pass well (Ekwe 2015).

 

Asagwara (2012) described study habits as strategies which learners append for acquiring knowledge, skills, idea and competence. He further observed that some learner who have good study habits do not spend a lot of time studying before they can achieve success. Thus, that learners who study very hard without utilizing good habits make little or no progress in their academics. The study habit and academic performance of pupils in social studies.

Onyejiaku (2010) further opined that majority of pupils who find it difficult to concentrate and ignore distraction while studying lack self-discipline, intrinsic motivation or goal orientation. Therefore, against this background that this study has deemed it necessary to investigate the effect of study habit on academic performance of pupils in OrukAnamLocal Government Area.

 

1.2   Statement of the Problem    

Education is an instrument par excellence for the development of any nation according to National Policy on Education (FRN) (2014). Therefore, the focus of the educational enterprise in Nigeria is the development of human capital required to meet present and future challenges of globalization.

Researchers such as Cernal and Kseria (2015) sustain that all thing being equal, what remain different in a classroom of pupils is the cultural background of the learners and teachers and environmental variables.

Class observations and interview showed that some learners’ exhibit different study habits as some learners prefer listening to lectures without taking note into their exercise books while others take note while the lesson is going on.

Little or no consideration is given to the fact the pupil’s study habit can affect his or her academic performance in school. This motivated the researcher to ask “could the study habit adopted by the pupils influence their academic performance in social studies”.

 

1.3   Purpose of the Study

The purpose of the study was to investigate study habits and academic performance of pupils. Specifically, the main objectives of this study are to:

(i)     Investigate the influence of personal study timetable on academic Performance of pupils in social studies.

(ii)    Investigate the influence of note taking habit on academic Performance of pupils in social studies.

 

1.4   Significance of the Study 

                The finding of this study will be useful in the following ways:

  • The study is designed toward helping pupils to improve in their study habits
  • To the teachers, it is believed that this study will help them to understand the different study habits adopted by pupils. Therefore will adopt teaching methods that will enhance effective learning irrespective of the learners’ study habits.

 

  • To the counselors, it will help in yielding a good basis for pupils counseling on self-discipline and the right attitude towards studies.
  • To the policy makers and planners in education, it will furnish them with a sound basis for effective supervision of primary schools in order to check the activities of the pupils.
  • As a data bank, it is envisaged that this research work will serve as a store of information for future researchers who may wish to research further into the same topic on related topic

 

1.5   Research questions

                The following research questions were formulated to guide the study in line with the specific objectives of the study:

  • To what extent does personal study timetable influence the academic Performance of pupils in social studies?
  • To what extent does note taking habit influence the academic Performance of pupils in social studies?

 

1.6   Research Hypotheses    

  • There is no significant influence of personal study timetable on academic performance of pupils in social studies.
  • There is no significant influence of note taking habit on academic performance of pupils in social studies.

 

1.6   Limitation of the Study

Lack of adequate funding and poor rural roads networks limited the extent of this research work as well as lack of sufficient time due to other academic work of the researcher.

 

Operational Definition of Terms 

Study Habit: This is the strategies adopted by learners to acquire knowledge, skills ideas and competence in school. It encompassed rime allocation to studies and note taking as used in the study.

Academic Performance: This is the grade or score pupils obtain in a social studies performance test and examination.

Personal study timetable: This is the preparation of personal time table by pupils to guide them on their daily activities of which study time is included as well as other duties.

Note Taking: This is the act of taking note in the class during lesson presentation by the teacher.

 

Conclusion

Study habit is the strategy adopted by Pupils to acquire knowledge, skills, ideas and competence in learning. Some Pupils who have good study habits do not spend a lot of time studying before they can achieve examination success and that pupils who study very hard without utilizing good study habits make little or no progress in their academics.

Based on the findings, it can be concluded that study habit such as usage of personal study timetable and note-taking affect the academic performance of Pupils in Adult Education Centers as Pupils who adopt these study habits performed academically better than those who neglect this study habit in studying in Adult Education Centers.

Joselyn Nya

My Name is Joselyn Nya A Publisher in Project Boss Team. I'm a Nigerian I'm a graduate/Educational Researcher. Project Boss Team. We are the best for Project materials and project writing services. Email: admin@projectboss.com.ng

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