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STUDENTS CHARACTERISTICS AND THEIR ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE IN ECONOMICS

STUDENTS CHARACTERISTICS AND THEIR ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE IN ECONOMICS

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CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.1       Background of the Study

Students’ effective learning outcome in secondary and other institutions of learning in recent times has been the concern of stake-holders in Nigeria education system (parents, guardians, teachers, counselors and government). This is because success in education is highly instrumental to the development of a nation; this includes scientific and technological development, socio-economic and political advancement and general life’s successes. Various subjects are taught to students in secondary schools.

Abioyeand (2023) are of the opinion that, every subject taught in secondary school has its unique value and importance to the whole education process. There has been a worrying trend over the years that students in Nigeria  continued to perform poorly in the national examination NECO/WAEC. This downward trend is manifested particularly in the subject like Economics.

Learning outcomes are influence by many factors and therefore, many interacting factors such as social and economic factors may cause the poor performance of students in Economics.

 

STUDENTS CHARACTERISTICS AND THEIR ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE IN ECONOMICS

Student’s characteristics such as student age, career choice, gender, study times and class attendance, student’s attitude being among the factors that formed the basis of this study.

Studies by Entwisle (2016) found that most social science students begin their career with a desire to learn and with an intrinsic approach to achievement, which later switches to a more extrinsic orientation as student increase in age.

This scenario was reported by Highardson (2014) who concluded that mature students were rather more likely perform well than younger students to adopt a deep approach or a meaning orientation towards their academic work, and was conversely less likely than younger students to adopt a surface approach or a reproducing orientation.

According to Herr (2016), the level of career aspiration usually affects curriculum choice hence career choice. At the same time, career aspirations are influenced by numerous factors including gender, race, parental support, academic achievement, socioeconomic status, and self-esteem.

 

1.2       Statement of the Problem

It has been observed that students’ academic performance in social science generally, and Economics in particular over the years in the results of Senior Secondary Certificate Examination (SSCE) conducted by West African Examination (WAEC) and National Examination Council (NECO) revealed that a very few number of students perform better in Economics examination compared with other subjects.

Parents and government are in total agreement that their huge investment on education is not yielding the desired dividend and that despite their hug investment on education, students’ performances still remain poor.

Against this backdrop, this study is out to investigate students’ characteristics (parental socio-economic of students, student gender, class attendance, students’ attitude towards academic and student study habit) and their academic performance in Economics in Essien Udim Local Government Area.

 

1.3       Purpose of the Study

The main purpose of the study was to examine students’ characteristics and their academic performance in Economics in Essien Udim Local Government Area. Specifically, the study aimed at:

(1)        Determine the influence of class attendance on the academic performance of students in Economics.

(2)        Determine the influence of gender on the academic performance of students in Economics.

(3)        Determine the influence of socio-economic background on the academic performance of students in Economics.

(4)        Determine the influence of students’ absenteeism on their academic performance in Economics.

 

1.4       Research Questions

The following research questions were formulated to guide the study:

(1)        In what way does class attendance influence students’ academic performance in Economics?

(2)        How does gender influence the academic performance of students in Economics?

(3)        In what way does students’ socio-economic background influence their academic performance in Economics?

(4)        How does students’ absenteeism influence their academic performance in Economics?

 

1.5       Research Hypotheses

The following null hypotheses were formulated for testing at .05 level of significance:

(1)        There is no significant influence of class attendance on students’ academic performance in Economics.

(2)        There is no significant influence of gender on students’ academic performance in Economics.

(3)        There is no significant influence of students’ socio-economic background on the academic performance in Economics.

(4)        There is no significant influence of students absenteeism on their academic performance in Economics.

 

1.6       Significance of the Study

The study would provide empirical information on the student-related variables that could predict students’ academic performance in Economics. The students’ characteristics and their academic performance in Economics in secondary schools.

The study would also contribute to research efforts geared towards finding a permanent solution to the problem of poor performance of students in Economics. It will also serve as an eye opener to students, teachers and government, other stakeholders on which of the students’ related variables could mostly predict students’ learning outcomes in Economics.

 

Definition of Terms

Academic Performance: Refers to the performance of students in school poor, high or average. Also, the score obtained by a student in a test or Examination.

Influence: The power to affect, control or manipulate something or someone; the ability to change the development of fluctuating things such as conduct, thoughts or decisions.

Characteristics: Refers to all those qualities a person possesses that can be used to describe him or her.

Socio-economic status: This is a person position in any given group, society or culture as determined by wealth, occupation, education and social class.

Student: This refers to a learner under the control of a teacher.

Class Attendance: This refers to the total number of students that are present or absent in the class throughout the term.

 

Conclusion

This study describes how student’s characteristics and their academic performance in Economics in Essien Udim Local Government Area.

As a result of the findings of this study, it is concluded that students’ variables (class attendance, gender, parental socioeconomic background and students’ absenteeism) were significantly important to students’ academic performance in Economics.

 

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Ikemesit

Ikemesit Akpan is my name. I am a Nigerian author. I work with projectboss.com.ng. I'm a researcher and a writer of academic research. ikemesitetukapan20233@gmail.com

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