SOCIO-CULTURAL DISCRIMINATION IN BUCHI EMECHETA’S THE JOYS OF MOTHERHOOD AND CHIMAMANDA ADICHIE’S PURPLE HIBISCUS

SOCIO-CULTURAL DISCRIMINATION IN BUCHI EMECHETA’S THE JOYS OF MOTHERHOOD AND CHIMAMANDA ADICHIE’S PURPLE HIBISCUS
SOCIO-CULTURAL DISCRIMINATION IN BUCHI EMECHETA’S THE JOYS OF MOTHERHOOD AND CHIMAMANDA ADICHIE’S PURPLE HIBISCUS

SOCIO-CULTURAL DISCRIMINATION IN BUCHI EMECHETA’S THE JOYS OF MOTHERHOOD AND CHIMAMANDA ADICHIE’S PURPLE HIBISCUS

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CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.1       Background to the Study       

Socio-cultural discrimination and practices are the distinctive, spiritual, material, intellectual and emotional features that characterize a society or a social group. There have been a lot of researches conducted on the issue of socio-cultural discrimination, suppression, deprivation, humiliation, disillusionment and gender bias in the writings of Buchi Emecheta’s and Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie’s works.

Their works call for the attention of African cultural practices that discriminate the female folks and favour the male folks.

 

Similarly, they wrote novels about the suffering, oppression and struggle of African women in a contemporary African society and seek for the attention of women in the traditional African settings.

The above instance is seen in Sam Adewoye’s The Role of Women in Traditional Literature.  He says: women are not given their due recognition. “Pre-literate women suffered the strike of tragedy as literate men do not want to accord them their due recognition” (12).

 

SOCIO-CULTURAL DISCRIMINATION IN BUCHI EMECHETA’S THE JOYS OF MOTHERHOOD AND CHIMAMANDA ADICHIE’S PURPLE HIBISCUS

Women are said to be set of people who seek freedom and liberation from the unfortunate situation in which they find themselves.

The extract above by Adewoye buttresses how women lack social recognition and cultural rights in African society. Emecheta and Adichie’s works kick against socio-cultural discrimination, polygamy and its objectification of women as sex objects and personal properties own by men. They further explore the role of contemporary African women concerning their right in the society. The socio-cultural discrimination in Buchi Emecheta’s The Joys of Motherhood and Chimamanda Adichie’s Purple Hibiscus.

To Emecheta and Adichie, women need recognition and participation on societal activities as their male counterparts. They want equal right as men politically, occupationally, socially and educationally. They do not want to suffer from discrimination, segregation and victimization from the masculine gender but emancipation and cultural right.

 

1.2       Statement of the Problem

Buchi Emecheta and Ngozi Adichie have been recognized through their works which make them prominent African feminist writers. They use their works to show what African women face in modern Nigeria society and give reasons why they should be treated equally.

Their works therefore promote equality for men and women in political, economic, educational, traditional and social spheres.

 

1.3       The Purpose of the Study

The purpose of this study seeks to examine socio-cultural discrimination in Buchi Emecheta’s The Joys of Motherhood and Chimamanda Adichie’s Purple Hibiscus.

 

1.4       Significance of the Study

The study will be significant to Nigerian women to enable their rights being given a fair hearing in the society. The study will also enlighten broad knowledge in the life of students of English and literature as they will have a fair knowledge on the history of women’s domination in African literature.

The findings of this study will equally make some men in the African societies to understand why their wives should not be beaten for any slightest mistake and to stop discriminating their female children and favour the male ones for the betterment of the society.

 

1.5       Objectives of the Study

                        The objectives of this study are to:

  1. examine socio-cultural discrimination in Emecheta’s The Joys of Motherhood and Adichie’s Purple Hibiscus
  2. analyse the causes of socio-cultural discrimination in African society and how it affects the women psychologically
  3. seek for equality and treatment of both sexes in the society and look for solutions to the above mentioned challenges.

 

1.6       Research Methodology

This study will make use of Emecheta’s The Joys of Motherhood and Adichie’s Purple Hibiscus as its main sources. While the secondary sources will be on materials from library, African feminist novels academic journals and internet works.

1.7       Scope and delimitation of the Study

The scope of this study is delimited to the works of Emecheta’s The Joys of Motherhood and Adichie’s Purple Hibiscus.

 

Conclusion

This research explores on socio-cultural discrimination in Buchi Emecheta’s The Joys of Motherhood and Chimamanda Adichie’s Purple Hibiscus. The two women writers, Buchi Emecheta and Chimamanda Adichie, dig deep in mainstream feminist literary criticism in their novels.

 

Their works focus on African cultural context and respective countries to investigate the social aspects of women’s subjugation, and mount a protest against it.

Through female characterization, they put under the critical spotlight patriarchy with encroaching cultures and colonization that compromise women’s promotion. This illustrates their commitment to women’s fight for social justice, with greater scope and in-depth analysis, regardless of gender-based obstacles.

The two novels, from comparatively, pictured the issues of so-cultural discrimination, marital abuses, gender violence and the effects of polygamy.

 

The two writers portrayed the problems faced by women that include tradition versus, modernism, cultural values and what is considered universal, marriage, womanhood and gender relations in particular.

 

In The Joys of Motherhood, Buchi Emecheta rather than portraying women simply as a mother who lives in secure Africa, she portrayed women ignored by or inaccessible by African male writers.

 

Buchi describes the predicaments of motherhood and the heart-rending death of the protagonist. Nnu Ego faces all sorts of obstacles at all stages of her life, she strongly believed in one thing that the joy of motherhood is to give everything to the children so that during her old age the children give back joy and love.

In Purple Hibiscus, Adichie’s texts are very clear on this.  There is need for the transformation of deep-seated stereotyped and long- held attitudes which tend to hinder progress in the lives of African women. In other words, it is imperative to address all oppressive structures and situations in our societies in order to encourage and to sustain lasting peace in our homes and in the world at large.

 

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