SINGLE PARENTING AND ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE OF PRE PRIMARY SCHOOL PUPILS IN ENGLISH LANGUAGE

SINGLE PARENTING AND ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE OF PRE PRIMARY SCHOOL PUPILS IN ENGLISH LANGUAGE
SINGLE PARENTING AND ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE OF PRE PRIMARY SCHOOL PUPILS IN ENGLISH LANGUAGE

SINGLE PARENTING AND ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE OF PRE PRIMARY SCHOOL PUPILS IN ENGLISH LANGUAGE

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TABLE OF CONTENTS

Title Page

Certification

Dedication

Acknowledgement

Abstract

Table of Contents

 

CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION

1.1     Background of the Study

1.2     Statement of the Research Problem

1.3     Purpose of the Study

1.4     Research Questions

 

1.5     Research Hypotheses

1.6     Significant of the Study

1.7     Scope of the Study       

1.8     Definition of Terms

 

 

CHAPTER TWO: REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE

CHAPTER THREE: RESEARCH METHODS

3.1 Area of the Study

3.2 Research Design

3.3 Population of the Study

3.4 Sample and Sampling Technique

 

3.5 Instrument for Data Collection

3.6 Validation of Instrument

3.7 Administration of Instrument

3.8 Method of Data Analysis

 

CHAPTER FOUR: DATA ANALYSIS AND DISCUSSION OF FINDINGS

4.1 Data Analysis

4.2 Discussion of Findings

 

CHAPTER FIVE: SUMMARY, RECOMMENDATIONS AND CONCLUSION

5.1     Summary   

5.2     Recommendations        

5.3     Conclusion

References

Appendix

 

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.1 Background of the Study

Family is the first social environment the child finds his/herself. According to Okunniyi (2021) family remains the primary environment of the child. The author emphasized that family environment has more chances of increasing or decreasing the intellectual achievement of the child. Akubue and Okolo (2018), defined family as a small kinship structural group with the key function of natural socialization of the new born.

However, the family is a basic social institution which is structured with a special purpose. The structure and purpose is diverse from one society to another, culture-to-culture and one religion to another. In fact, as important as the African family setting, it comes as a product of a successful marriage. Therefore, in human existence, there is no any defined arrangement which is as important and valuable as that of marriage Olusanya (2023). Families fulfill an important function in every society. Most of the children in developed countries grow up in a family, although the form of that family might change during the life course.

 

SINGLE PARENTING AND ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE OF PRE PRIMARY SCHOOL PUPILS IN ENGLISH LANGUAGE

Generally, a family provides a child with opportunities to develop into stable and independent person. For instance, through enabling the child to attend school. The future success of children thus greatly depends on the household they grow up in. Nevertheless, a child is not in the position to choose its own family and has to accept if its family is not capable of offering him/her the best opportunities (Martin & Kats, 2023).

Indeed, the family structure, ideally, provides a sense of security and stability that is necessary for children.  When there is a breakdown in the family structure, it may have a tremendous impact on a child and their ability to function ordinarily or achieve academically. In most situations, the child no longer has two parents to depend on. Therefore they have to rely on one parent to meet most, if not all their needs. With limited finances, time and availability parent are less likely to provide the adequate support a child needs to perform to the best of their ability.

In fact, the family lays the foundation of education before a child goes to school and personality that the child tales to school is determined by the family (Emenogu, 2014). (Fadeiye, 2015) pointed out that both parent have their own role to play in the child’s education. The father is to provide every necessary tool for the educational advancement while the mother is expected to supplement the effort of the father.

 

In Nigeria, among our ethnic groups, the parental roles are cultural determine and distributed. The maternal roles are that of child-rearing, home training and playing of complimentary roles while that of the father role is of economic responsibilities (Nwachukwu, 2011).

Without reservation, family structures have changed enormously during the second half of the 20th century (Martin & Kats, 2023). Families are now shrunken and unstable, and the modern family is increasing unable to provide for the well-being of its members. One of such change in the family structure is single-parent. Parents are the first point of contact of children. When both parents are present, it implies that the child would derive most care (Alawode, 2012).

However, when one of the parent is absent in a child’s life, a gap is created as the child would lose the support that would have emanated from that parent. In addition, he asserted that single parenting result from divorce, separation of various kinds. Also, having children from wedlock or death of one spouse which leaves the roles in the hands of a single parent. Single parenting and academic performance of pre primary school pupils in English Language.

Single parenting is a very important social issue that can have significant effects on a child’s parenting is a very important social issue that can have significant effect on a child’s academic performance. Children who are raised in a single family home are at risk of not reaching their full potentials.

 

Pupils within our educational system encounter many challenges in their family lives that they bring with them into the classroom. Single parenthood is the practice of raising children or building family without a spouse or partner. As a choice of building a family, single parenthood (single parenting) is now acceptable in our society. Thus, the child will end up with the primary caregiver. Hence, usually the mother or the secondary caregiver usually the father when there is a separation.

Some sociologist perceives the prevalence of single parenting as an alternative family form, rather than as a problem in the society. Regardless of how it is perceived, the increase of families raised by one parent influences the social economical and political context of family life. Okuniyi (2019).

In Nigeria, the existence of single parent was formerly unknown and where they existed they were ignored as exceptional cases. However, nowadays they are fast growing family pattern both inside and outside the state. In brief, death of a partner was a major cause of single parenting. Also, other causes include divorce of a couple with children, parent, that never married, early pregnancy and others. Single parenting and academic performance of pre primary school pupils in English Language.

 

However, children with single parent are three times more likely to drop out of school than children from two parent family. In fact, the demographic of single parenting show a general increase worldwide in children living in single parent homes. Therefore, this study aimed to investigate single parenting and academic performance of pre primary school pupils in English Language.

 

1.2     Statement of the Research Problem

The role parent play in the upbringing of a child is very important. As such, so many male and female children in school are portraying habits which seem not to be in accordance with the school rules and regulation. Example; fighting, stealing, female pupils keeping male companies and boys keeping bad companies. And this has negative effect on the academic performance of the pupils.

 

The basic school pupils are the most fragile because they are still in their formative years meaning any disruptions could have everlasting result on them. This creates a knowledge gap. This makes it necessary for us to investigate influence of single parenting on children’s academic performance using basic school levels are declining in recent times. This study sought to investigate single parenting and academic performance of pre primary school pupils in English Language.

 

1.3     Purpose of the Study

The study was conducted to investigate single parenting and academic performance of pre primary school pupils in English Language. Specifically;

  1. To determine the difference in academic performance of pre-primary schools pupils in English Language between pupils from single parent and pupils from two parents.
  2. To determine the difference in academic performance of pre-primary schools pupils in English language between boys from single parent and boys from two parents.

 

1.4     Research Questions

          The research questions were postulated to guide the study:

  1. What is the difference in academic performance of pre-primary schools pupils in English Language between pupils from single parent and pupils from two parents?
  2. What is the difference in academic performance of pre-primary schools pupils in English Language between boys from single parent and boys from two parents?

 

1.5     Research Hypotheses

The following research hypotheses were postulated to guide the study:

  1. There is no significant difference in academic performance of pre-primary schools pupils in English language between pupils from single parent and pupils from two parents.
  2. There is no significant difference in academic performance of pre-primary schools pupils in English Language between boys from single parent and boys from two parents.

 

1.6     Significant of the Study

The findings of this study will be beneficial to parents, teachers, Government and the society in a number of ways:

It will help parents to understand the influence of family patterns on the academic performance among pre-primary school pupils and also if single-parenting causes academic failure in student. Secondly, it will help teachers to create conducive atmosphere in the classroom for children from single parent to be able to participate in learning activities. Single parenting and academic performance of pre primary school pupils in English Language.

Findings of this study will help us to know the types of family pattern in Abak Local Government Area in Akwa Ibom State and problems faced by them. It will also enable the government to understand and be able to face the danger and problems of single parenthood and find ways of curbing this danger. It will help people and the society in general to realize the evils of broken home or single parental and its impact on pre-primary school pupil’s academic and school performance.

 

1.7     Scope of the Study

This study only concern itself with the influence of single parenting on academic performance of pre-primary school pupils in English Language in Abak Local Government Area of Akwa Ibom State.

 

1.8     Definition of Terms

Academic Performance: Is the ability of the pupils to study and remember fact, being able to communicate knowledge verbally or written down on a paper.

Single parent: A single parent usually refers to a parent who has most of the day-to-day responsibilities in the raising of the child or children, which would categorize them as the dominant caregiver who is not living with a spouse or partner, or those who are not married.

 

Conclusion

Based on the findings of the study, the following conclusions were drawn. The result from the findings reveals that pupils from two parenting performed significantly better than pupils from single parenting background. The results revealed that gender significantly influence the pupils’ academic performance in primary English.

Therefore, the school and social systems partner together to see that all adolescents are treated in the same manner that would encourage the learners as if they all come from double family structures. Thus, this can be done by the school creating an atmosphere of equality and love among the learners irrespective of their parental backgrounds. Also, the teachers need to deemphasize the use of any language that would remind learners from single parent homes about the nature of their family compositions. Hence, this approach will enable the learners who by chance have come from single parent homes to see themselves just like other learners and will be more confident to pursue their academic careers alongside other.

 

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