SCHOOL VARIABLES AND STUDENTS ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE IN ECONOMICS IN SECONDARY SCHOOLS

SCHOOL VARIABLES AND STUDENTS ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE IN ECONOMICS IN SECONDARY SCHOOLS
SCHOOL VARIABLES AND STUDENTS ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE IN ECONOMICS IN SECONDARY SCHOOLS

SCHOOL VARIABLES AND STUDENTS ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE IN ECONOMICS IN SECONDARY SCHOOLS

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TABLE OF CONTENTS

Title Page

Declaration

Approval Page

Dedication

Acknowledgements

Table of Contents

Abstract

 

CHAPTER 1: INTRODUCTION

1.1          Background to the Study

1.2          Statement of the Problem

1.3          Purpose of the Study

 

1.4          Research Questions

1.5          Hypotheses

1.6          Significance of the Study

1.7          Scope/Delimitation of the Study

1.8          Definition of Operational Terms

 

CHAPTER 2: REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE

CHAPTER 3: METHODOLOGY

3.1          Design of the Study

3.2          Population of the Study

3.3          Sample and Sampling Techniques

3.4          Research Instrument

3.5          Validity of the Instrument

 

3.6          Reliability of the Instrument

3.7          Administration of the Instrument

3.8          Data Analysis Technique

 

CHAPTER 4: DATA PRESENTATION, ANALYSIS AND DISCUSSION OF FINDINGS

4.1          Analyses of Data Results

4.2          Summary of Major Findings

4.3          Discussion of the Findings

 

CHAPTER 5: SUMMARY, CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATIONS

5.1          Summary

5.2          Conclusion

5.3          Recommendations

5.4          Suggestions for Further Studies

References

Appendixes

 

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

 1.1   Background to the Study

The school variables which include class size, libraries, laboratories, instructional facilities, school location etc. are factors which have an important role to play when it comes to students’ academic performance. Hence, the school variables remain an important area that should be studied and well managed to enhance students’ academic performance.  School physical environment on the other hand include building and the surrounding grounds such as well as physical biological or chemical agents. Indeed, the learning in the number of students with asthma is one problem that been posed by poor physical condition in school (Dokubo, 2022).

The extent to when student learning could be enhance depends on their location within the school compound, the structure of their classroom, availability of instructional facilities and accessories. Moreover, it is believe that a well planned school will gene up expected outcome of education that will facilitate good social, political and economic emancipation, effective teaching and learning process, and academic performance of the student (Kuliman 2010).

 

SCHOOL VARIABLES AND STUDENTS ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE IN ECONOMICS IN SECONDARY SCHOOLS

Furthermore, the physical characteristic of school have a variety effect on teachers student and the learning process. Beyond the direct effect the poor facilities have on students ability to learn, the combination or poor place for teachers poor facilities trigger the exhibition of frustrating behaviour by students including poor concentration and aparty.

It is also a stressful set of working conditions for a teachers because of stress and job dissatisfaction are common pre-cursors to lowered teachers enthusiasm. Therefore, it is possible that the a formational characteristic of school facilities have on effect upon the academic performance of students.

 

In fact, the importance of teachers in the school system cannot be over emphasize. This is because teachers play a number of roles specifically; teachers have been referred to by Hallak (2021) as agents of innovation in the school system and the world at large. Important; this is because teacher education is very complexing arises as well as what teacher are expected to do.

Some of the roles are common to the teachers’ while other are uniquely related to certain kinds of environment of students or subject matter. Thus, add to this, is fact that teacher education involved the training of professionals, who will education student in future.

Despite the complexity in the field of teachers education one cannot over emphasize the importance of academic training of teachers of all categories, this is because the efficiency of any institution depends on the academic competence of the teaching staff and no education system cannot rise above the quality of its teachers. It is therefore patient to investigate school variables and students academic performance in economics in secondary schools which this study intent to cover.

 

1.2   Statement of the Problem

Without a doubt, some schools carry out the educational activities in dilapidated building, equipped. In addition, teachers at times work under unsafe condition. It is not unusual to find teachers and student interacting academically under collapsed school building.

Likewise student are sometimes, left with no option but to receive lessons under sound system, large class size structure (building) and teachers are poorly motivated resulting to decline members of teacher in school environment the high level of students’ academic performance may not be guarantees where instructional space. Such as classroom and laboratories are structurally defective. School variables and students academic performance in economics in secondary schools.

However, little is known on the impact of school variables on students’ academic performance in Economics. Therefore, he prevalent problems have motivated the research on school variables and students academic performance in economics in secondary schools.

 

1.3   Purpose of the Study

The main objective of this study is to examine school variables and students academic performance in economics in secondary schools. Specifically, the objectives include to:

(i)     examines the relationship between school location and students academic performance in Economics in secondary schools.

(ii)    examine the relationship between interactional and students’ academic performance in Economics in secondary schools.

(iii)    examine the relationship between class size and student’s academic performance in Economics in secondary schools.

 

1.4  Significance of the Study

It is hoped the study will provide information for parents, education and school administrators to reflect upon various factors that helps students in achieving their academic goals. In so doing, they can investigate the possibility of introducing those factors to their school which may consequently local lead to enhancing student educational outcome in school. School variables and students academic performance in economics in secondary schools.

Furthermore, the fact that this study is conducted in public schools it shares quite a lot of similarities with many other counterparts. Therefore, in this connection this study provides to reflect upon the school environment as it affect the academic performances of students.

 

1.5   Research Questions

The following research questions were raised in line with the specific objectives of the study;

  • To what extent is the relationship between school location and students’ academic performance in Economics in secondary schools?
  • To what extent is the relationship between school instructional facilities and students’ academic performance in Economics in secondary schools?
  • To what extent is the relationship between class size and students’ academic performance in Economics in secondary schools?

 

1.6   Research Hypotheses

The following null hypotheses were formulated in line with the specific objectives to guide the study;

  • there is no significant relationship between school location and students’ academic performance in Economics in secondary schools?
  • there is no significant relationship between school instructional facilities and students’ academic performance in Economics in secondary schools?
  • there is no significant relationship between class size and students’ academic performance in Economics in secondary schools?

 

Definition of Terms

School: A school is an educational institution design for the teaching of students (or pupil) under the direction of the teacher.

School Variables: In brief, is a school physical environment including the school building and the surrounding.

Academic Performance: In brief, knowledge attained or skill developed in school subjects by test scores.

Secondary School: (also High School) is a term used to describe an educational institution where the final stage of schooling known as secondary education and usually compulsory up to a specific age place. Thus, it follows elementary or primary education, and may be followed by university (tertiary) education.

 

Conclusion   

It is an indisputable fact the success of the teaching-learning process in schools depends to a large extent on the general quality of such school, as no meaningful learning can take place in an unconducive school environment. However, based on the findings of the study, it could be concluded that school variables (location, instructional facilities and class size) significantly influenced students’ academic performance in Economics.

 

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