Project

SCHOOL VARIABLES AND ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE OF STUDENTS IN SENIOR SECONDARY SCHOOLS

SCHOOL VARIABLES AND ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE OF STUDENTS IN SENIOR SECONDARY SCHOOLS

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TABLE OF CONTENTS

Title Page

Certification

Dedication

Acknowledgements

Abstract

Table of Contents

 

CHAPTER ONE      –      INTRODUCTION

1.1  Background of the Study

1.2  Statement of the Problem

1.3  Objectives of the Study

1.4  Research Questions

 

1.5  Research Hypotheses

1.6  Significance of the Study

1.7  Limitation of the Study

1.8  Definition of Terms

 

CHAPTER TWO – REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE

CHAPTER THREE – RESEARCH METHODS

3.1  Research Design

3.2  Research Area

3.3  Population of the Study

3.4  Sample and Sampling Technique

3.5  Instrumentation

 

3.6  Validation of the Instrument

3.7  Administration of the Instrument

3.8  Method of Data Analysis

 

CHAPTER FOUR

DATA ANALYSIS PRESENTATION AND DISCUSSION OF FINDINGS

4.1  Data Analysis

4.2  Discussion of Findings   

 

CHAPTER FIVE – SUMMARY, RECOMMENDATIONS AND CONCLUSION

5.1  Summary

5.2  Recommendations

5.3  Conclusion

References

Appendix

 

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.1  Background of the Study

With the increase in population of schools, the influence of schools variables on academic performance of students give much research work due to the decrease in the performance of students in any academic task especially senior school certificate examination always been a major factor to parents, educations and even they society at large.

However, the fundamental concern of any education, who is confide the responsibility of selecting learners for any advance training programme in a given field like economics, social study and political science is the ability to estimate as accurately and as early as possible the probability that such learners students or candidate will succeed or fail.

 

SCHOOL VARIABLES AND ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE OF STUDENTS IN SENIOR SECONDARY SCHOOLS

However, the effort of our state government toward education and educational system have been faced by a number of factors yet to identified the setback in our educational system has an adverse effect of the Nigerian national growth and development of any nation is dependent upon the level of their educational system.

Chike (2021) opined that the performance of secondary school students especially in economics and other social science subject could be attributed to a variety of factor. An important element is the effect of school variables on the academic performance of students.

Private schools are not under the state or school board; hence, they create their own curriculum, enrolment procedures, admission criteria and teaching method.

 

Parents teachers and the administrations works together in planning the schools organization for the good of the student and since they received no state funding, students must pay a tuition fee or apply for scholarship. School variables and academic performance of students in senior secondary schools.

According to Sarki (2019) private schools are generally prepared to provide students with a better and more challenging curriculum, smaller classes, and good facilities through tuition fee from each student which can be quite expensive. Entrance to private school in usually very competitive on the other hand, public schools operate using government money and must follow state regulations and statutes. Thus, teacher in public school at any level must be licensed by the state.

Shabange (2020) observes that students performance whether on private or public secondary school is a foundation of the interaction between his ability and the home motivation.

 

Ability includes skill development; knowledge as well as altitude motivation on the other hand is the various ways that parents use to encourage their children to develop interest in learning. It is therefore the obligation of the parents to continue to support educational effort of the child by providing the stimulating and attracting school and environment where the child can work and learn at ease.

Jacob (2016) pointed out that when standard of living is high and the material comfort provided may be luxurious in the privileged homes. It has therefore become necessary to investigate school variables and academic performance of students in senior secondary schools.

 

1.2  Statement of the Problem

Academic performance of students in private and public secondary school in economics and other social sciences subject especially in senior secondary school certificate examination has been on the decline state over the years (Made, 2015).

Accordingly, Alabi (2017), Chike (2021) and Fabunn (2020), have investigated the factors responsible for the poor performance of students, among the factors identified are, teachers attitude toward duties, teachers how qualification/lack of experience, poor salaries and allowances, poor supervision, parental background of the learner, poor groups influence among others.

However, to ameliorate the problem of poor academic performance by students, Government, parent and some educational agencies and organization have been made concerted efforts to improve on the performance of students in our schools. This has been in the areas of provision of basis educational facilities, teaching and learning materials as well as posting of qualified teachers to our schools.

 

All this effort notwithstanding the academic performance of students in Senior Secondary School certificate examination is still on the decline. Therefore, it is against this background that this study  on school variables and academic performance of students in senior secondary schools becomes imperative to examine.

 

1.3  Objectives of the Study 

The objectives of the study is to examine school variables and academic performance of students in senior secondary schools. Specifically, the study will;

(i)    Compare the academic performance of students in single sex and mixed school in economic.

(ii)   To determine if there is a difference in academic performance of students in boarding and day school in Economics.

(iii)  Compare the academic performance of students in private and public secondary school certificate examination in economics.

 

1.4  Research Questions

The following research questions were raised in line with the objectives of the study;

(i)    What are the differences in students academic performance in single sex and mixed secondary schools in economics?

(ii)   What are the differences in students academic performance in boarding and day school in Senior Secondary School Certificate Examination in Economics?

(iii)  What are the differences in the academic performance of students in private and public Secondary School in Senior Certificate Examination in Economics?

 

1.5  Research Hypotheses

The following hypotheses were formulated in line with, the research questions and objectives of the study to guide the study.

(i)    There is no significant difference in the academic performance of students in single and mixed Secondary School in Senior Secondary Examination in Economics.

(ii)   There is no significant difference in academic performance of students in boarding and day Secondary School in Senior Secondary School Certificate in Economics.

(iii)  There is no significant difference in the academic performance of students in private and public Secondary School Certificate Examination in Economics.

 

1.6  Significance of the Study

The study will help in various ways to teachers, curriculum developers and planners, Economics students.

(i)    Curriculum planners and developers will find this study very useful in planning and developing appropriate curriculum in Economics for both public and private Secondary School. School variables and academic performance of students in senior secondary schools.

(ii)  Secondly, it will create awareness and educate teachers on the factors that contribute to the poor performance of students in Senior Secondary School Certificate Examination in Economics.

(iii)  Furthermore, it will show how school variables affect academic performance of students in Economics in Senior Secondary School Certificate.

(iv)  It will give data for further research work.

 

Definition of Terms

For clarity, the following words are operational defined

School Variable: This means public, single sex, mixed sex, boarding and day school.     

Academic Performance: This refers to the cognitive behaviour of the student in Senior School Certificate Examination.

Secondary School: Refers to school of young people between the ages of 11-18.

Private School: In brief, this refers to school owned by individual not Government.

Public School: Refers to School owned by Government.

Single Sex School: In brief, this refers to male or female school.

 

Mixed School: Refers to school with both male and female

Urban School: In brief, refers to school in High populated Area.

Rural School: School in low populated Area.

Boarding School: Refers to school were students can live during the term/semester.

Day – School: school with student who lives at home and only go to school during the day.

 

Conclusion

Based on findings and the above recommendations, it was concluded that students in single-sex, private and boarding secondary schools performed academically better than students in mixed, public and day secondary schools in 2021/2022 senior secondary school certificate examination in Economics.

 

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Joselyn Nya

My Name is Joselyn Nya A Publisher in Project Boss Team. I'm a Nigerian I'm a graduate/Educational Researcher. Project Boss Team. We are the best for Project materials and project writing services. Email: admin@projectboss.com.ng

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