Research Proposals

SCHOOL VARIABLES AND ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE OF STUDENTS IN CHEMISTRY

SCHOOL VARIABLES AND ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE OF STUDENTS IN CHEMISTRY

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TABLE OF CONTENTS

Title Page

Certification

Approval Page

Dedication

Acknowledgements

 

Table of Contents

List of Tables

List of Appendices

Abstract

CHAPTER ONE:     INTRODUCTION

1.1       Background to the Study

1.2       Statement of the Problem

1.3       Purpose of the Study

1.4       Research Questions

 

1.5       Hypotheses

1.6       Significance of the Study

1.7       Scope of the Study

1.8       Definition of Terms

 

CHAPTER TWO:    REVIEW OF LITERATURE

2.1       Theoretical Framework

2.2       Conceptual Review

2.3       Review of Empirical Studies

2.4       Summary of Literature Review

 

CHAPTER THREE: RESEARCH METHOD                                                                

3.1       Research Design

3.2       Area of the Study

3.3       Population of the Study

3.4       Sample and Sampling Technique

 

3.5       Instrumentation

3.5.1    Validation of the Instrument

3.5.2           Reliability of the Instrument

3.6       Procedure for Data Collection

3.7       Method of Data Analysis

 

CHAPTER FOUR:  RESULTS AND DISCUSSION OF FINDINGS

4.1       Answering the Research Questions

4.2       Testing the Hypotheses

4.3       Summary of Findings

4.4       Discussion of Findings

CHAPTER FIVE: SUMMARY, CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATIONS

5.1       Summary

5.2       Educational Implications of the Findings

5.3       Conclusion

5.4       Recommendations

5.5       Limitations of the Study

5.6       Suggestions for further Study

References

Appendices

 

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.1   Background to the Study

A school system such as the secondary school is an essential state in the educational hierarchy of the society. Moreover, it ensures among others that students are effectively equipped for the posing challenge of the present era of science and technology (National Policy on Education, 2014). To attain the aforementioned goals, the school variables such as; school type, school location, class size, teacher-students interaction etc should be considered. Since there are numerous school variables, this work is limited to the school type and school location.

However, the type of school a child attends is very important in influencing the educational outcome of the child. Indeed, for over four decades, series of studies examined school types and their attendant consequences on achievement of students various states of the Federation.

 

SCHOOL VARIABLES AND ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE OF STUDENTS IN CHEMISTRY

Furthermore, Buckingham (2020) in his write-up, addressed that public, private, boarding and non-boarding schools are different types of schools where learners can learn and advice their educational goals and objectives. He further stressed that students from independent private schools are more likely to achieve higher end of school scores.

Studies have also shown and found out that, students that attend private schools are academically sound than students from public schools because they have good quality teachers, good infrastructures and conducive environment in the school.

Nevertheless, in some instances, increased population of students in physical and Health education has contributed to the poor performance in physical and health education. Public schools on the other hand enroll more students than they can cope and that may have contributed in no small measure to poor performance of students compared to private schools.

 

Research findings on the influence of students’ academic performance are rather controversial. However, Ajayi (2014) found out that school types make a difference in students’ academic performance.

Sometimes, considering the location of schools, for decades now students have suggested that importance of school as a social environment of leaning. Some of these studies examined location planning and their attendants’ consequences on academic achievement of students in various states of the Federation. The studies were intended to decide where a particular school should be located; the size of the schools in each location; whether a new school should be built or not (Mbakwe, 2016).

In addition, Tanimowo (2015) observed that the distribution of public secondary schools in the state shows disorder, lack of planning and inefficiency. Thus, the inefficiency here refers to students’ academic achievement.

 

In line with Onakerhoraye (2014) emphasized that lack of suitable school location has contributed to the imbalance of Western education from one part of the country to another. School variables and academic performance of students in Chemistry.

Hence, writing on the importance of school, Ojoawo (2019) found that it is one of the potent factors that influence the distribution of educational resources and academic achievement of students. Therefore, throwing light on location influence, Mbakwe (2016) conceptualized urban school location as those environments which high population density containing a high variety of beauty and common place views. He further identified the rural school location as being characterized by low population density containing a low variety and isolated place views.

 

Owolabi (2020) accentuated that our highly qualified teachers prefer to serve in urban centres rather than rural areas as a corollary of the above, Orebiyi (2021) teachers do not accept posting to the rural areas because their conditions are not up to the expected standard as the social life in the areas is virtually restricted as a result of inadequate amenities, facilities are  deficient, playground are without equipment, libraries are not equipped while laboratories are full of improvised materials.

Hence, to achieve a qualitative and improved academic performance of students in chemistry, school variables must be thoroughly considered. Therefore, this work seeks to investigate school variables and academic performance of students in Chemistry.

 

1.2   Statement of the Problem

Undeniably, the fact that students’ performance in chemistry is mostly poor is no more a news. In fact, several researchers have reported the downward trend in the performance of Nigerian students in sport.

 

Oloruntegbe and Orifa (2021) affirmed this that only the result of students in chemistry is getting worse but also the recipient are getting progressively unscientific in their tough pattern and approach to solving problems.

Consequently, some parents prefer that their children should remain in private schools for their secondary education, while some prefer public schools throughout their secondary school education.

Still on this issue, some parents allow their wards to remain in urban schools for their secondary education, while other prefers rural secondary schools for better academic performance in chemistry.

Therefore, it was based on this that the researcher carried out the study to investigate school variables and academic performance of students in Chemistry.

 

1.3   Purpose of the Study

The main purpose of this study was to examine the school variables and academic performance of students in Chemistry. Specifically, the study sought to:

  • Compare the academic performance of students in chemistry in public and private schools.
  • Compare the academic performance of students in chemistry in rural and urban school locations.

 

1.4   Research Hypotheses

The following research hypotheses were formulated to guide the study:

  1. There is no significant difference in the academic performance of students in chemistry in public and private schools.
  2. There is no significant difference in the academic performance of students in chemistry in urban and rural school location.

 

1.5   Significance of the Study

The results of this study shall be significant in many ways and to different people.

  1. Firstly, this study will help the parents to know the type of school they should enroll their wards.
  2. Secondly, it will help the government to provide necessary facilities needed in schools for the promotion of teaching-learning processes. School variables and academic performance of students in Chemistry.
  3. Lastly, it will serve as a reference point to other researchers who may have interest of writing a research of this kind.

 

Definition of Terms

The following terms used in the study are operationally defined below:

School variables: These are tools, used in the smooth running of academic activities which change at different time interval.

Learning facilities: In brief, this refers to those facilities in secondary school which should be available and suitable for learning.

Academic performance: This refers to the scoring or exhibited ability of students in school test, examination and other related activities in the schools.

 

Conclusion

Evidently, school variables have a great influence in the teaching-learning of n as well as the academic performance of students. As such, private school students’ urban schools students work in chemistry should be approached more as a process of decision- making rather than as a process of measurement.

However, based on the research hypotheses of this study, the following conclusions were drawn:

  1. There is a significant difference in the academic performance of chemistry students in public and private schools.
  2. There is a significant difference in the academic performance of students in chemistry in urban and rural school location.

 

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Joselyn Nya

My Name is Joselyn Nya A Publisher in Project Boss Team. I'm a Nigerian I'm a graduate/Educational Researcher. Project Boss Team. We are the best for Project materials and project writing services. Email: admin@projectboss.com.ng

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