Research Proposals

SCHOOL FACILITIES AND STUDENTS ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE IN SECONDARY SCHOOLS

SCHOOL FACILITIES AND STUDENTS ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE IN SECONDARY SCHOOLS

DISCOUNT Sales!!! Get complete material at 45 percent Discount TODAY - Pay 1350 instead of ₦3000. Call/WhatsApp 07068634102

 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Title Page

Certification

Dedication

Acknowledgements

Abstract

Table of Contents

 

CHAPTER ONE – INTRODUCTION

1.1     Background to the Study

1.2     Statement of the Problem

1.3     Purpose of the Study

1.4     Significance of the Study

 

1.5     Research Hypotheses

1.6     Delimitation of the Study

1.7     Limitation of the Study

1.8     Definition of Terms

 

CHAPTER TWO – REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE

CHAPTER THREE -RESEARCH METHODS

3.1     Area of the Study

3.2     Research Design

3.3     Population of the Study

 

3.4     Sample and Sampling Technique

3.5     Instrument for Data Collection

3.6     Validation of the Instrument

3.7     Reliability of the Instrument

3.8     Administration of the Instrument

3.9     Method of Data Analysis

 

CHAPTER FOUR – DATA ANALYSIS AND DISCUSSION OF FINDINGS

4.1     Data Analysis

4.2     Discussion of Findings

 

CHAPTER FIVE- SUMMARY, RECOMMENDATIONS AND CONCLUSION

5.1     Summary

5.2     Recommendations

5.3     Conclusion

5.4     Suggestions for further Study

References

Appendix

 

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.1    Background to the Study

The school facilities refer to the material resources available to the students and the teacher to facilitate teaching learning process. According to Arkansac (2021), school facilities are those things that enable the teacher to do his/her work very well and also help the students to learn effectively. Specifically, they include the school laboratories, library, canteen/cafeteria, comfort classroom, sport ground, home economic room, Audio visual room, medical centre, administrative offices class rooms etc.

Moreover, Jensen (2013) opined that the development of any society is dependent on the general level of education attained by its population most especially the youths. It therefore means that the educational system must be flexible, functional and optional enough to have something to offer to all members of the society including the youths, adults, privileged and the less privileged.

 

SCHOOL FACILITIES AND STUDENTS ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE IN SECONDARY SCHOOLS

The desire to meet the educational needs, in particular those members of the under privileged is now a major challenge to the educators over the past years. As such, to limit some of the major challenges in education, schools have to be provided with the needed school facilities to promote academic attainment of the learners.

School facilities include not only classrooms but also athletic resources and playgrounds, and even libraries as a school property. Following a general trend across many building types, school facilities are becoming in caressingly specialized. School facilities have a great impact of academic performances of students, and inadequate resources translate to poor performance (Hines, 2023).

However, it is obvious that at first, school system did not have any facility apart from the state and foreign textbooks used. Moreover, with the arrival of western education, the uses of resources became necessary. Classrooms which came in small rooms comprises of administrative blocks, offices with such resources as chairs, tables, chalk and chalkboards. Textbooks were also provided to aid teaching (Jensen, 2023).

 

According to Cronbac (2019), the use of instructional materials during teaching and learning process can appeal to the individual attention among students by creating interest in order to attain the goal for the learner. School facilities and students academic performance in secondary schools.

The fact that goals direct efforts, the teacher’s problem of motivation is essentially one way of arranging situation with instructional material in order for the learner to see the goals he want to attain. He also noted that, the use of instructional materials can facilitate the decision of a person towards taking right actions. If instructional material is use to teach Economics, the prediction would be rewarding and consequences will justify the work done by person, he will feel full satisfaction as this will affect students’ performance.

Availability of required learning resources in schools enhances students’ academic performance. Therefore, this study examine school facilities and students academic performance in secondary schools.

 

1.2    Statement of the Problem

The major problem that attracts the attention of the researcher is poor performance of students in Economics in secondary schools in Eket Local Government.  The poor performance of students in Economics has persisted for a number of years now. The problem may be attributed to factors such as gender, difference, socio-economic background of students, school type, school facilities, educational resources utilization and teaching approach among others. School facilities and students academic performance in secondary schools.

However, observation shows that the academic performance of each student depends to a large extent on the school facilities exposed to students during teaching and learning, but when they are lacking some problems are faced by both teachers and students.

 

It is equally observed that if Economics students have been opportune to make use of appropriate educational resources (such as school library, instructional materials and conducive school environment) in different aspects they would perform better academically in Economics.

Many of our schools lack adequate school facilities and as such effective teaching is hindered, the performance of students both in external and internal examination becomes poor, understanding of concepts become difficult, accessibility to libraries facilities difficult etc. Therefore, this research examine school facilities and students academic performance in secondary schools.

 

1.3    Purpose of the Study

The main purpose of this study was to examine school facilities and students academic performance in secondary schools. Specifically, the study seeks to:

  1. find out the performance of students in Economics from schools with conducive and unconducive classroom.
  2. compare the performance of students in Economics from schools with adequate library facilities and schools with inadequate library facilities
  3. compare the performance of students in Economics from schools with adequate instructional materials and schools without adequate instructional materials.

 

1.4    Significance of the Study

The study would be of great benefit to the students, parents, teachers, educational planners and the general public in the following ways:

  • Firstly, it will encourage educators and education planners to realize what problems students are facing in studying different subjects, for them to provide and send the necessary resources needed by students to schools.
  • Secondly, the findings of the study will enable those teachers teaching Economics to make use of the available instructional materials in teaching the subject.

 

  • Furthermore, it will bring to the knowledge of school authority the need to provide modern materials for the effectiveness of the teacher and the achievement of the study objectives. School facilities and students academic performance in secondary schools.
  • Also, the outcomes of the study will enlighten students to know the factors that affect their academic performance. Thus, they will be able to manage their situations.
  • Lastly, it will alert the government on the urgent need to provide these resources for effective implementation of the programme.

 

1.5 Research Hypotheses

The following null hypotheses were formulated for the study:

  1. There is no significant difference between performance of students in Economics from schools with conducive and unconducive classroom.
  2. There is no significant difference between performance of students in Economics from schools with adequate library resources and schools with inadequate library resources.
  3. There is no significant difference between performance of students in Economics from schools with adequate instructional materials and schools without adequate instructional materials.

 

Definition of Terms

Academic Performance: This is the level of knowledge or skill attained by a student in a given subject usually designated by a test score or grade.

Conducive Classroom: A conducive classroom is a four wall enclosed in the school system with sits and desks facing a chalkboard and the teaching position fixed as that of any other member of the class with good ventilation and no noise.

Instructional Materials: This refers to all the resources in the learning environment which makes learning experiences concrete with the view to stimulate student’s creativity and interest in the learning situation such as chart and re-alia.

Library Resources: These are resources available in school library used by both teachers and students for effective teaching and learning.

School Facilities: In brief, this refers to the material resource available to the students and the teacher to facilitate teaching learning processes.

 

Conclusion

The place of school facilities in the effective implementation of any educational programme cannot be undermined especially in the teaching and learning. This is because for students to learn Economics effectively they have to study in a conducive classroom, use library resources as well as instructional materials.

Based on the above findings and the objectives of the study, the following conclusions were drawn from this study:

  1. There is a significant difference between performance of students in Economics from schools with conducive and unconducive classroom.
  2. There is a significant difference between performance of students in Economics from schools with adequate library resources and schools with inadequate library resources.
  3. There is a significant difference between performance of students in Economics from schools with adequate instructional materials and schools without adequate instructional materials.

 

DISCLAIMER: THIS WEBSITE CONTAINS A PROJECT GUIDE aimed to guide project students in writing their original project. Therefore, all information, including but not limited to, text, graphics, images and other material contained on this website are for educational and informational purposes for students, researchers and readers only. To get more useful contents on educational project or instant download of complete project material on any topic or project writing services. Reach out to us with +2347068634102

Peter Hezekiah

I am Peter Hezekiah, a Nigerian. A graduate of Economics/Education. I'm the Editor in projectboss.com.ng (A online company that deals with writing of final year project and provision of project materials of any topic to final year project students). My personal email is lawsonpeter10@gmail.com. My personal number; +2347068634102

Related Articles

Back to top button
Open chat
1
Scan the code
Hello 👋
Welcome to projectboss 24/7customer services.