Radio Drama As A Tool For Social Change

Radio Drama As A Tool For Social Change

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1.0 Background of Study

1.1 Statement of the Research Problem

1.2 Aim and Objectives of the Study

1.3 Research Questions

1.4 Scope of the Study

1.5 Significance of the study


2.0 Introduction

2.1Conceptual Overview of Communication

2.2 Participation and Participatory Communication

2.3 Communication and Development

2.4 Mass Media and Development

2.5 Radio and Empowerment

2.6 Phases of Radio Broadcasting in Nigeria

2.7 Community Empowerment

2.8 Community Broadcasting

2.9 Kalubale Radio programme

2.10 Theoretical Framework


3.0 Introduction

3.1 Research Design

3.2 Research Method

3.3 Study Population

3.4 Sample Size

3.5 Data Collection Process

3.5.1 Observation Method

3.5.2 Questionnaire

3.5.3 Key Informant Interview

3.5.4 Focused Group Discussion

3.6 Method of Data Analysis


4.0 Introduction

4.1 Demographic Characteristics of Respondents

4.2 Level of Audience Participation in Kalubale Radio Programme

4.3 The Role of Kalubale in Community Empowerment

4.4 Factors Limiting Kalubale Radio Programme

4.5 Ways through which Kalubale Programme can be Improved

4.6 Discussion of Findings


5.0 Summary

5.1 Key Findings

5.2 Conclusion

5.3 Recommendations

5.4 Contribution to Knowledge






1.1 Background of Study

In fact, radio is regarded as the blind man’s medium. However, it has the ability to stimulate the mind. Certainly, it is a medium that leaps around the world on short waves, linking the continents, the nations, states, regions and communities in a fraction of a second. Undeniably, it brings the world to those who cannot read and helps maintain a contact for those who cannot see.


However, Okigbo points out the popularity of radio in Nigeria stating that:

“The attraction radio has for rural dwellers is derived from its cheap price and cost of operation” (57).

He further explains that:

“Radio sets are portable and can be used by both the educated and the illiterate” (58).

Radio drama is a dramatized, purely acostic performance broadcast on radio or published on audio media such as tape or compact disc. Nevertheless, with no visual components, radio drama depends on dialogue, music, and sound effects to help the listener imagine the characters and story. It is auditory in the physical dimension but equally powerful as visual force in the psychological dimension.

Therefore, by the 1940s, radio drama became a leading international popular entertainment.


Moreover, in 1901, French Engineer Clement Ader had filed a patent for improvements of telephone equipment in Theatres. (Theatrophone). Indeed, English language drama seems to have started in the United States.


Meleish Ponts that:

In addition, the radio medium has a distinguished History of turning thoughts, words and actions into satisfying pictures within the listeners mind by using techniques of drama (221).

However, this no doubt helps to place in perspective the concept of radio drama, which is using sound and words to create vivid pictures in the minds of listeners and which must satisfy some objectives.


Furthermore, Duno (2002) explains that the objectives of these programmes are “relaxation” and entertainment. Also, he adds that local stations use drama to propagate societal norms values and systems.


Radio Drama As A Tool For Social Change

1.2   Statement of the Research Problem

Indeed, the need to reform the societal behaviour has become paramount. However, the decadence in the Nigerian society is on the high side. But in the theatre today, most theatre directors/producers do not see the need of producing a radio drama. Hence radio drama has been overlooked not only in the educational theatre but also in the general society. Consequently, this has made people not to pay attention to radio drama.


Hence, the main thrust of this work is to proffer solution to this problem.

Change is the only thing that is constant in nature, so humans must adapt to favourable social changes for a better and healthy living.

However, radio drama is an effect tool though which these changes can be achieved.


1.3 Aim and Objectives of the Study

The aim of this study is to examine radio drama as a tool for social change through effective participatory communication for community empowerment.

Specifically, the objectives of the study are:

  1. To determine the level to which Fagge D2 and Mekiya communities participate in generating topics on Kalubale radio programme.
  2. To evaluate the effectiveness of Kalubale in communicating empowerment in Fagge D2 and Mekiya communities
  3. To identify the factors that limit Kalubale programme from achieving development in Fagge D2 and Mekiya communities
  1. To suggest ways through which Kalubale programme can be improved


1.4 Research Questions

  1. To what extent are people of Fagge D2 and Mekiya communities carried along in generating topics on Kalubale radio programme?
  2. What are the roles of Kalubale in community empowerment in Fagge D2 and Mekiya communities?
  3. What are the factors affecting and limiting the efficiency of Kalubale programme in Fagge D2 and Mekiya communities?
  1. How can Kalubale Programme be improved?


1.5 Scope of the Study

The study focused on the level to which audience participate in the programme, explored the processes through which topics for each episodes are generated in Kalubale programme.

Specifically, the researcher focused on one community each from two local government areas in Kano state and these communities are Fagge D2 and Mekiya communities of Fagge and Gabasawa local government areas.


1.6 Significance of the Study 

The study is important because radio reaches larger audience and it is easily operated and cheaper compared to the television and the newspaper. Thus, this implies that timely information on Kalubale programme will reach its audience and audience can easily access the programme irrespective of where they are.

This study recognizes the importance of participation in communicating empowerment because it constitutes a critical part of sustainable development.


Therefore, the study will help give the producer and presenter of Kalubale programme more insights on the importance of audience opinions when coming up with topics of discussion.

Furthermore, findings from this study will add to the existing literature on participation, communication and empowerment and will serve as relevant material for further research in any similar area of study.

Joselyn Nya

My Name is Joselyn Nya A Publisher in Project Boss Team. I'm a Nigerian I'm a graduate/Educational Researcher. Project Boss Team. We are the best for Project materials and project writing services. Email:

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