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Title Page

Approval Page





Table of Contents



1.1       Background of the Study

1.2       Statement of General Problem

1.3       Objective of the Study

1.4       Research Questions


1.5       Significance of the Study

1.6       Scope of the Study

1.7       Limitation of the Study

1.8       Definition of Terms




3.1       Research Design

3.2       Area of the Study

3.3       Population of Study

3.4       Sample size and Sampling Techniques

3.5       Instrument for Data Collection


3.6       Validity of the Instrument

3.7       Reliability of the Instrument

3.8       Method of Data Collection

3.9       Method of Data Analysis



4.1       Data Presentation and Analysis


5.1       Summary

5.2       Conclusion

5.3       Recommendations






1.1       Background to the study

The problem of pregnancy and abortion on girl-child education is a complex issue that has significant implications for the educational, social, and economic well-being of young girls. When girls become pregnant at a young age, it often disrupts their education and can lead to a range of negative outcomes, including dropping out of school, reduced opportunities for future employment, and increased risk of poverty.

Additionally, the decision to terminate a pregnancy through abortion can have profound physical, emotional, and psychological effects on the girl-child. Moreover, this issue is influenced by a variety of factors, including cultural norms, access to reproductive health services, and societal attitudes towards adolescent sexuality.

By definition, pregnancy is the common name for gestation in humans. It is the development of one or    more offspring, known as an embryo or fetus in the uterus (Wikipedia 2023). Pregnancy usually lasts for about nine (9) months in human beings.



At this stage the embryo is developing offspring during the first 8 weeks following conception, and subsequently the term fetus is used until child birth. Furthermore, in many societies, medical or legal definitions of human pregnancy is somewhat arbitrarily divided  into three trimester periods of three months each as a means to simplify reference to the different stages of pre-natal development. Therefore, the first trimester carries the highest risk of miscarriage (natural death of embryo or fetus).

During the second trimester the development of the fetus can be more easily monitored and diagnosed. The third trimester is marked by further growth of the fetus and the development of fetal fat stores (Wikipedia, 2023).

Abortion is the expulsion of the offspring in a state of development from the womb between one to seven months of pregnancy, which is giving birth before the right time.


In most cases of abortion is referred to as miscarriage of birth. Abortion should be considered as a lifesaving situation due to illness. But however it is being practice at will due to societal changes and orientations. It is a situation where life is being tempered and it is becoming too dangerous and threatening to the life of the mother.

Abortion is also a form of removing pregnancy from the womb, either by taking pills (medical abortion) which involves taking medicines to cause miscarriage or by surgery (surgical abortion) where the pregnancy is removed from the womb. Most abortions can be provided on a daycare basis which means you do not need to stay at a clinic overnight. Therefore, every year almost 12,000 thousand teenage girls have abortion (Bpas, 2019).


Abortion consists of two types which are the pills and surgical abortion. The pills abortion is used after 9 to 24 weeks of pregnancy which involves taking of medicines to cause the womb to contract and push out the pregnancy. Also from 22 weeks after which the pregnancy is push out and an injection to the womb is given. Such injections are given to ensure the homeostatic balance of the uterus.

However a checkup visit to the clinic is also required. Surgical abortion is the dilation and evacuation of the fetus which takes up to 15 to 24 weeks of the pregnancy.


In surgical abortion the doctors are required to remove the pregnancy using narrow forceps passed through the neck of the womb. Thus, this form of abortion is carried out under general anesthetic conditions (asleep). In surgical abortions, one can visit the clinic and return home the same day of abortion (for pregnancy up to 20 weeks) (Bpass, 2019).

Abortion is obviously increasing and identified as a social problem in so many ways, it destabilizes the teenager’s educational career as a useful member of the society. She is out rightly stigmatized by the society and in the long run turns the girl into a prostitute.


Another major incidence of pregnancy and abortion is the socio-cultural background of people within the study area. Thus, this is attributed to the orientation or beliefs which subjected the girl-child to early hawking at a very tender age of about nine or ten years.

These inappropriate exposures make her vulnerable as well as the deceitfulness of irresponsible young boys and old men, usually compromise with her innocence.

It is a common fact that the impact of pregnancy and abortion on girl-child education in our secondary schools is spreading in our communities and this need to be eradicated or reduced in the Local Government. In other words to solve this problem the parents and teachers should mould their children to be better adults.

The government should introduce sex education in our secondary schools and tertiary institutions,’ and introduce relevant academic curriculum in order to reduce the cases of unwanted pregnancy.


1.2    Statement of the problem

Impact of pregnancy and abortion on girl-child education are being identified as a major problem that causes backwardness in a girl-child education.

The study is aimed at finding out what brought about pregnancy and abortion and also the researcher will try to know whether harsh economic situation contributes to the pregnancy and abortion. The project is also on the impact of pregnancy and abortion on girl-child education among female students, is an attempt to solve and provide answer to the following questions:

  • That female students terminate their education/unduly because of the impact of pregnancy and abortion on girl-child education in our secondary schools.
  • That there is inadequate parental care which leads to the rampant cases of pregnancy and abortion on girl-child education in our secondary schools.


1.3    Objectives of the study

The main purpose of this research work is to find problem of pregnancy and abortion on girl child education. The researcher will carry out this research work in order to make her contribution and recommendations to knowledge, especially research work.

The researcher also chose  this project to determine the level of performance of our female students with a view and determination to prove to individuals, the society and the nation concerned that, they are facing a serious problem that need every body’s efforts to bring about apparent difference and lasting solution.


1.4    Research Questions

To have a thorough understanding of the impact of pregnancy and abortion and the strategies put in place. This project will attempt to answer the following questions:

  • Does improper training of female children cause pregnancy and abortion?
  • Do you learn sex education in your schools or at home?
  • Do you know any student that has experience pregnancy and abortion?
  • What is responsible for pregnancy and abortion?


  • Who is to be blamed for pregnancy and abortion?
  • Will pregnancy affect education?
  • Does poor living condition of the family lead to pregnancy and abortion?
  • Is pregnancy and abortion a global issue nowadays?
  • Does environmental influence cause pregnancy and abortion?


1.5    Significance of the study

Firstly, this present study will enable the researcher find out more facts about the impact of pregnancy and abortion on girl-child education in our secondary schools. The researcher will also make more efforts geared towards throwing more light on pregnancy and abortion which has become a national problem.

Furthermore, many of the parents, schools administrators and the public at large have expressed doubts and dissatisfaction of the problem of pregnancy and abortion on girl-child education in our secondary schools and to look into the causes and prevention for its future occurrences.

Lastly, bearing in mind that secondary schools children could be in their early or late adolescent stage of development, the findings from this work will help teachers and parents to guide them properly especially on sex education.


 Definition of Terms 

Pregnancy: The word ‘pregnancy’ referred to as a state or condition in which the female-being experience the development and carriage of the growing fetus in the uterus and finally becomes a new born baby.

Abortion: In brief, this is the termination of pregnancy. It maybe ‘spontaneous’ as a result of physical injury to the woman or of some internal biomedical disorder and it may be deliberate through human intervention.

Girl-child: A girl child is defined broadly to include girls between the ages of 1-18, also girls who are of school going age.



From the analysis of data, the researcher are able to come to a conclusion that the impact of pregnancy and abortion on girl child education among female students in secondary schools have been on the increase with the total percentages. Thus, this is due to the following:

  • Lack of parental care, broken homes, competition and peer group, influence of parents, environmental and social influence, moral laxity, influx of pornographic material, crave for money and materialism, raping to mention a few.
  • While the effect of impact of pregnancy and abortions on girl child education are of juvenile delinquency, death, prostitution and frustration.
  • In order words, the causes and impact of pregnancy and abortion on girl-child education are from economic, political, religious and administrative factor respectively.


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