Research Proposals

Poverty and Social Injustice in Festus Iyayi’s Violence and Peter Abraham’s Mine Boy


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This study is set out to analyze the issue of poverty and social injustice in Festus Iyayi’s Violence and Peter Abraham’s Mine Boy. In Violence, the author pictures a society with two classes of people- the rich and poor, the oppressive forces fighting against the poor to submerge them in perpetual state of poverty and the poor masses, on becoming a way of these forces fight back to gain freedom. 


In Mine Boy the author portrays the problems experienced by the Africans during apartheid regime. It portrays the struggles of African to attain equal right and to be treated as humans. In conclusion, the novels expose the social injustice and deprivations of the poor masses of their economic rights by the rich.



Title Page






Table of contents


1.1     Background to the study

1.2     Statement of the problem

1.3     Purpose of the study

1.4     Significance of the study

1.5     Objectives of the study

1.6     Research Methodology

1.7     Scope and Limitation of the study

1.8     Bio-Data of Festus Iyayi

1.9     Bio-Data of Peter Abraham





3.1     Analysis of Festus Iyayi’s Violence

3.2     The Themes of Poverty and social injustice in Festus

Iyayi’s Violence

3.3     The Style in Festus Iyayi’s Violence

3.4     Characterization


4.1     Analysis of Peter Abraham’s Mine Boy

4.2     The Theme of Poverty and Social Injustice in Peter Abraham’s Mine Boy    


4.3     Style in Peter Abraham’s Mine Boy 

4.4     Characterization



5.1     Summary

5.2     Conclusion

5.3     Recommendations

Works Cited




1.1     Background to the study

The motivation for this research work centres on the fact that poverty and social injustice still exists in the present society. Moreover, in the past and recent years, increasing attention has been given to poverty and social injustice by some activist movement. Poverty and social injustice have been walking hand in hand till this day for where there is poverty social injustice manifests and where there is social injustice poverty abounds.


Therefore, some literary writers expose the increasing rate of poverty and social injustice through their literary works. They see art as not just a tool to explore beauty but to bring to light the ills going on in the society and also provide solutions to such.

The society tends to divide into two separate classes  the rich and the poor whose member have different access to resources and power, an economic rift exists between these two classes with the rich having access to wealth, good quality of life and maximum protection while the poor are denied these fundamental rights. There had been a gap dividing the rich and the poor and up until this day, no one is willing to close in the gap and merge these two classes of people, thus the gap grows wider each passing day.


Indeed, Festus Iyayi and Peter Abraham use their literary work Violence and Mine Boy respectively to reveal the level of poverty and social injustice in the society.

However, poverty in these two texts is characterized by lack of minimum physical requirement for existence ad sustenance, example food, cloth and shelter. The rich dresses in beautiful apparel, lives in beautiful and comfortable house, eats enough and even have some thrown away while the poor dresses in rags lives in an uncomfortable place and have little or no food to eat.


There is also low level of education, lack of infrastructure, poor health condition, unemployment, low investment, environmental degradation, overcrowded accommodation, low income and other problems associated with urban areas such as slums, ghettos and shanties.


1.2     Statement of the Problem

The researcher examines the theme of poverty and social injustice in Festus Iyayi’s Violence and Peter Abraham’s Mine Boy because there is theme of inequality, oppression, exploitation and segregation in the novels under investigation.


1.3     Purpose of the Study

Generally, the purpose of this research work is to examine the effects of poverty and social injustice in the society and how literacy writers like Festus Iyayi and Peter Abraham have used literature as a tool to confront poverty and social injustice in the society that they live.

The aim of this study is also to bring to the readers the importance of struggling to get out of poverty in a dignifying manner and not allowing the oppression and the exploitation of the rich to weigh them down.


1.4     Significance of the Study

Indeed, this research work will be of great help to the students of English and literary studies. Educators, other researchers and the society. On how to eradicate poverty and social injustice in their various societies suffering oppression and deprivations.


1.5     Objectives of the Study

This study seeks to analyze the theme of poverty and social injustice in Festus Iyayi’s violence and Peters Abraham’s Mine Boy. Therefore, the objectives seek to;

  • Bring to light poverty and social injustice as they exist in African society.
  • Examine how African writers have been able to expose the activities that bring poverty and social injustice in their societies
  • Suggest ways of getting rid of poverty and social injustice in African societies.


1.6     Research Methodology

The research design is library based and it will make use of Peter Abraham’s Mine Boy and Festus Iyayi’s Violence as the primary sources of data. There is also reliance on secondary materials like textbooks, journals and internet.


1.7     Bio-data of the study

Festus Iyayi’s Bio-Data

Festus Iyayi is an African literary writer. He was born on the 29th September, 1947 in Ugbegun, Esland, and Edo State, Nigeria. His parents were farmers who experienced deprivation and lived on little means; they instilled in him strong moral lessons about life. He started his primary school education at Annunciation Catholic College (ACC) in the old Bendel State and completed in 1966.


In 1967, he went to Government College at Ughelli and graduated in 1972. And was also a zonal winner in the Kennedy Essay Competition organized by the United States Embassy in Nigeria. Following this, he left for Ukraine in pursuit of higher education and obtained an M.SC in industrial economics. Also he obtained his Ph.D from the University of Bradford, England.

Thereafter, he returned to Nigeria in 1980 and took up lecturing in the Department of Business Administration at the University of Benin. He was the president of the local branch of Academic Staff Union of Universities (ASUU) and later, in 1986, he rose to the position of National Organization President.


Certainly, he published his first novel Violence in 1979, his second novel The contract was published in 1982, his third novel, Heroes published in 1986 brought him to lime light and got him the Award of commonwealth writers prize. Awaiting Court Martial (Malthouse press), 1996 being his last novel is a collection of his short stories.

Therefore, his interest included behavioural science, human resources management, recruitment and selection. Lastly, he died in a ghastly motor accident on November 12, 2013 at the age of 66.


1.9     Bio-data of Peter Abraham

Peter Abraham is a Jamaican literary writer born on 3rd march 1919 in South Africa, in Vrededorp, a suburb of Johannesburg. His father was from Ethiopia and his mother was colored. Abraham left South Africa in 1939 and worked as a sailor, later as a journalist in London. He also worked as a spear fisherman in the Bahamas. Also, he was commissioned to write the history of Jamaica in the mid 1950s, he was also an editor for the West Indian Economist and worked for Radio Jamaica till 1964. Thereafter, he attended Williams College and got a B.A in 1968.

In addition, Peter Abraham has published many literary works including Dark Testament published in 1942. Also The Path of Thunder published in 1948; wild conquest was published in 1950. In 1965 he published A Night of their Own, A Wreath for Udomo was published in 1956, The Coyaba Chronicles in 1985 and many more. However, in 1946, he published Mine Boy the first South Africa book written to win international acclaim. Lastly, he died on 18th January, 2017 at his home in Saint Andrew parish, Jamaica at the age of 97.

Joselyn Nya

My Name is Joselyn Nya A Publisher in Project Boss Team. I'm a Nigerian I'm a graduate/Educational Researcher. Project Boss Team. We are the best for Project materials and project writing services. Email:

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