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PERSONALITY TRAITS AND LEARNING OF BIOLOGY AMONG SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS

PERSONALITY TRAITS AND LEARNING OF BIOLOGY AMONG SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS

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TABLE OF CONTENTS

Title Page

Certification

Dedication

Acknowledgments

Abstract

Table of Contents

 

CHAPTER ONE –       INTRODUCTION

1.1    Background to the study

1.2    Statement of the problem

1.3    Purpose of the study

1.4    Significance of the study

1.5    Research Questions

 

1.6    Research Hypotheses

1.7    Limitation of the study

1.8    Delimitation of the study

1.9    Definition of Terms

 

CHAPTER TWO        –       REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE

CHAPTER THREE     –       RESEARCH METHODOLOGY

3.1    Area of the study

3.2    Research Design

3.3    Population of the study

3.4    Sample and Sampling Technique

 

3.5    Instrumentation

3.6    Validation of Instrument

3.7    Administration of Instrument

3.8    Scoring of Instrument

3.9    Methods of Data Analysis

 

CHAPTER FOUR

DATA PRESENTATION AND DISCUSSION OF FINDINGS

4.1    Data Presentation

4.2    Discussion of Findings

CHAPTER FIVE

SUMMARY, CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATIONS

5.1    Summary

5.2    Conclusion

5.3    Recommendations

5.4    Suggestion for further studies

References

Appendix

 

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.1    Background to the study

Personality has to do with individual differences among behaviours, pattern of thanking and feelings. In fact, according to Costa & McCrae (2000) in Daminabo (2023), personality is the sum total of a person’s behaviour across different conditions. Personality determines a set of important characteristics and how people interact with others. Human personality is the combination of a number of traits.

Specifically, personality is a set of individual differences that are affected by the development of an individual: values, attitudes, personal memories, social relationships, habits and skills. Moreover, personality can be measured as a set of items, usually questions about behaviour and feelings to which the subject have to respond by agreeing or disagreeing with that question or statement. Furthermore, personality also refers to the pattern of thoughts, feelings, social adjustments, and behaviours consistently exhibited over time that strongly influences one’s expectations, self-perceptions, values and attitudes. Daminabo (2023) described the following as the components of personality which are habits, attitudes, interest, values, principles   and mental capacity or intelligence.

 

PERSONALITY TRAITS AND LEARNING OF BIOLOGY AMONG SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS

Learning is a major issue among students, teachers school administrators and the community at large. Illens (2019) defines learning as a process by which an activity originates or is changed through reacting to an encountered situation, provided that the characteristics of the change in activity cannot be explained on the basis of native response tendencies, maturation or temporary states (e.g. fatigue, drugs, drunkenness etc).

 

Indeed, learning is the act of acquiring new or modifying and reinforcing existing knowledge, behaviours, skills, values or preferences which may lead to a potential change in synthesizing information, depth of knowledge, attitude or behaviour relative to the type and range of experience.

In addition, learning is any process that in living organisms leads to permanent capacity change and which is not solely due to biological maturation of ageing (Illens, 2019).  However, human leaning may occur as part of education, personal development, schooling, or training. Personality traits and learning of biology among secondary school students.

Without reservation, Psychologist have researched  on the big five personality traits and the role that these traits plays in the academic performance of include openness to experience, conscientiousness, extraversion, agreeableness, neurotic. Thus, it is denoted by the acronym OCEAN. Therefore, the researcher thus seeks to find out personality traits and learning of biology among secondary school students.

 

1.2    Statement of the problem 

The concept of genetics has brought to mind the concept of heredity and variation. Children definitely acquire or inherit some behaviours, traits etc from their parents. Moreover, these traits they inherit account for the hereditary and variation among them.

Undeniably, through personal observation, it can be seen that children from educated parents are probably supposed to be educated and those children from the uneducated parents supposed to be uneducated.  However, this fact has not yet been theoritized; giving more rooms for cause and effect to be on the continuous findings among researches. In addition, this observation and the attitude among students that may definitely account for their mean differences in performance may however be traced to some traits, be it inherited or acquired as they affect their performances.

Traits are bound to exist among individuals but as it affects learning is a reason for investigation. Thus there is a need to assess the extent to which these traits; self-discipline, self-confidence, dependable, conscientiousness, fairness, discreet, meticulous etc; inherited or acquired can influence the learning of Biology among students. Therefore, this study aimed to examine personality traits and learning of biology among secondary school students.

 

1.3    Purpose of the study

This study is to investigate personality traits and learning of biology among secondary school students. It is designed to achieve the following specific objectives:

  • Determining the relationship between self-discipline and learning of Biology among secondary school students.
  • Assessing the impact of self-confidence on the leaning of Biology among secondary school students.

 

1.4    Significance of the study  

Firstly, the importance and benefit of this study is that it will educate the stakeholders in the education sector on low the individual personality traits among students can influence their learning of Biology in schools. This research will also be a contribution to the body of literature in the area of the effect of personality traits on learning of school subjects especially Biology thereby constituting the empirical literature for future researches in various subjects.

It will help the parents/guardians to know the personality traits of their children so as to encourage them in their field. Lastly, it will help students to know their areas of strengths an weaknesses and work for more improvement.

 

1.5    Research Questions

The following research questions guided the researcher in the course of this research:

  • To what extent does students’ self-discipline influence their learning of Biology in Secondary schools?
  • How does students’ self-confidence affect their learning of Biology in Secondary schools?

1.6    Research Hypotheses  

The following hypotheses guided the researcher in the course of this research:

  • There is no significant relationship between students’ self-discipline and their learning of Biology.
  • There is no significant relationship between students’ self-confidence and their learning of Biology.

 

Definition of Terms 

Personality: The combination of characteristics or qualities that form an individual’s character. It has to do with individual differences among people in behaviour patterns, cognition and emotion.

Traits: In brief, a distinguishing quality or characteristics, typically one belonging to a person.

Personality Traits: This can be defined as enduring personal characteristics that are revealed in a particular pattern of behaviour in a variety of situations.

 

Learning: In brief, the knowledge gained through reading and studying.

Students: This refers to the group of people who are studying or being taught.

Biology: This is derived from two Greek words   – bios meaning life and logos meaning to study. Therefore, Biology is defined as the study of life from (plant and animals).

 

Conclusion

Based on the findings of the study, the following conclusions were drawn:

  • That there is a significant relationship in the learning effectiveness between students with self-discipline and students without self-discipline in Biology.
  • There is positive relationship in the learning effectiveness between students with self-confidence and students without self-confidence in Biology.

 

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Ikemesit

Ikemesit Akpan is my name. I am a Nigerian author. I work with projectboss.com.ng. I'm a researcher and a writer of academic research. ikemesitetukapan20233@gmail.com

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