PERSONAL VARIABLES AND ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE OF STUDENTS IN AGRICULTURAL SCIENCE IN SECONDARY SCHOOLS

PERSONAL VARIABLES AND ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE OF STUDENTS IN AGRICULTURAL SCIENCE IN SECONDARY SCHOOLS
PERSONAL VARIABLES AND ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE OF STUDENTS IN AGRICULTURAL SCIENCE IN SECONDARY SCHOOLS

PERSONAL VARIABLES AND ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE OF STUDENTS IN AGRICULTURAL SCIENCE IN SECONDARY SCHOOLS

DISCOUNT Sales!!! Get complete material at 45 percent Discount TODAY - Pay 1350 instead of ₦3000. Call/WhatsApp 07068634102

 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Title Page

Certification

Dedication

Acknowledgments

Abstract

Table of Contents

 

CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION  

1.1    Background to the Study

1.2    Statement of the Problem

1.3    Purpose of the Study

1.4    Significance of the Study

 

1.5    Research Questions

1.6    Delimitation of the Study

1.7    Limitation of the Study

1.8    Definition of Terms

 

 

CHAPTER TWO:          REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE

CHAPTER THREE:       RESEARCH METHODS

3.1    Area of the Study

3.2    Research Design

3.3    Population of the Study

3.4    Sample and Sampling Technique

3.5    Instrument for Data Collection

 

3.6    Validation of the Instrument

3.7    Reliability of Instrument

3.8    Administration of the Instrument

3.9    Method of Data Analysis

 

CHAPTER FOUR: DATA ANALYSIS AND DISCUSSION OF FINDINGS

4.1    Data Analysis

4.2    Discussion of Findings

 

CHAPTER FIVE: SUMMARY, RECOMMENDATIONS AND CONCLUSION

5.1    Summary

5.2    Recommendations

5.3    Conclusion

5.4    Suggestions for further Study

References

Appendix

 

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.1  Background to the Study

Development of any nation is hinged on solid educational foundation for its citizenry. This suggests that education is a means of effecting changes in the society in order to build a well-developed country. The objective of education includes creativity, objectivity and intellectual adventure. Education enables a child to develop physically, mentally, socially, emotionally and intellectually.

 

According to Anderson, Boyles, & Rainie (2022) Education is the key to creating a society, which is dynamic and productive offering opportunity and fairness to all. Therefore, it is axiomatic that efforts should be geared towards maintaining high standards in schools. The standards will be reflected in students’ academic performance.

Academic problem of non-achievers are numerous but the truth is they lack the knowledge of their abilities and lifestyle societal and economic factors and the family. Strengths, moreover, they have not developed the necessary challenges.

 

PERSONAL VARIABLES AND ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE OF STUDENTS IN AGRICULTURAL SCIENCE IN SECONDARY SCHOOLS

Academic problems are frequently indicators of larger problems, often having to do with personality and lifestyle, societal and economic factors and the family. Problems of non-achievers are numerous but the truth is that they lack the knowledge of their abilities and the strength, moreover, they have not developed the necessary study skills and techniques and they also lack the interest and motivation that are requisite for achievement (Abid, 2016 & Chukwu, 2018).

Ekwe (2023) posited that the students occupy the central position in the teaching and learning process and learning cannot be forceful and as such the students must be ready to learn before they can learn. However, due to the important position occupied by students in the teaching learning process, their approaches to learning become necessary to be investigated. Bamin, Kazi and Hasan (2013) observed that personal variables of the students need to be study effectively after the lesson in the class as it is critical for ensuring students’ academic performance in secondary schools (Frank, 2016). Personal variables and academic performance of students in agricultural science in secondary schools.

Students’ personal variables are concept that revolves around how the student learning experience is influenced by personal, social, cognitive, and academic elements. It’s presumed that these aspects play a pivotal role in both how and what students learn. Through a series of studies, educators can determine what characteristics impact students the most. The findings of this research are passed on to instructional designers so that they can develop tailored instructions for specific groups.

 

An understanding of students’ personal variable enables students to be more efficient and effective in their learning. It also encourages educators to be more precise in their teachings. Students’ personal variables are so diverse that they range from gender, learning styles and study habits.

Study habit is broad as it combines nearly all other sub-topics under it such as study attitude, study method, and study skills. Study habits are the knowledge and application of effective study skills or techniques by students. The term study habit refers to the way in which students’ study either systematically, efficiently or inefficiently (Rana and Kausar, 2021).

 

Students adopt several study habits and some of these habits include adoption of personal timetable by students to guide them on their daily activities of which study time is included as well as time for other duties. Personal variables and academic performance of students in agricultural science in secondary schools.

The adoption of personal timetable to studies is the dimension that assesses the habit of students to avoid certain factors that might distract his/her focus from succeeding in the course of studying. Another important study habit is note-taking study habit which is the act of taking note in the class during lesson presentation by the teacher.

 

During note-taking, the students strives to record fast the major points from a lesson or a textbook, it makes wide use of abbreviations, acrostics symbols and cryptic sketches, avoiding clear diagrams and tables.

It is important as it helps in summary and organization. These notes will further be expanded of the information in it resulting from notes-taking into detailed and well-illustrated texts, accessible to any person literate in the language and familiar with the subject of the text.

 

Note-taking enable the students to extract important information from a lesson and book within the time allowed where time is of the essence as in the case of reserved books in the library which one has to read for an hour to two. Also, where scarce books are borrowed from friends which books needed back are soon taking notes of important notes or information is recommended (Eyoh, 2013).

It is against this background that this study aimed to investigate personal variables and academic performance of students in agricultural science in secondary schools.

 

1.2     Statement of the Problem    

There is tremendous pressure on students to earn good grades because academic performance is assumed to possess predictive value on the student’s future endeavor. The importance of academic performance has raised several queries among educational researchers. Personal variables and academic performance of students in agricultural science in secondary schools.

In search for an answer to the queries, a number of attempts have been made by researchers to identify factors which influence academic performance. It is therefore based on the above importance that a question arises in mind of the researcher whether personal variable is related to academic performance in Agricultural science or not?

 

Since we live in the information age, this fact clearly makes new demand on the educational system, requiring radical changes on “what” and “how” students learn and why students are not doing as per expectations. Therefore, this study aimed to investigate personal variables and academic performance of students in agricultural science in secondary schools.

 

1.3     Purpose of the Study

This study aimed to investigate personal variables and academic performance of students in agricultural science in secondary schools. Specifically, the main objectives of this study are to:

  • Investigate the difference between the academic performance of students in Agricultural science based on study habits in secondary schools.
  • investigate the difference between the academic performance of male and female students in secondary schools.

 

1.4     Research Questions    

The following research questions were formulated to guide the study:

  1. What is the difference between the academic performance of students in Agricultural science based on study habits in secondary schools?
  2. What is the difference between the mean academic performance of students who cram and those who do not cram for examination in Agricultural Science in secondary schools?

 

1.5     Research Hypotheses    

The following null hypotheses were formulated to guide the study:

  1. There is no significant difference between the academic performance of students in Agricultural science based on study habits in secondary schools.
  2. There is no significant difference in the academic performance of students who cram and those who do not cram for examination in Agricultural Science in secondary schools

 

1.6     Significance of the Study 

The finding of this study will be useful in the following ways: Firstly, to the students, the study is designed toward helping students to improve in their personal variables. To the teachers, it is believed that this study will help them to understand the different personal variables adopted by students and therefore use teaching methods that will enhance effective learning irrespective of the students’ personal variables. Personal variables and academic performance of students in agricultural science in secondary schools.

To the counselors, it will help in yielding a good basis for students counseling on self-discipline and the right attitude towards studies. The policy makers and planners in education like Ministry of Education will have basis for organizing seminar for students on how to adopt and harness their study habit. As a data bank, it is envisaged that this research work will serve as a store of information for future researchers who may wish to research further into the same topic on related topic.

 

Conclusion

Based on findings of the study, it is therefore concluded that there is a significant difference in the academic performance of students in Agricultural Science based on study habit in secondary schools. Also, that there is a significant difference between the academic performance of students who cram and those who do not cram for examination in Agricultural Science in secondary schools. This is because students with good personal variables will always face their work with zeal and interest and this will increase their academic performance in Agricultural Science.

 

DISCLAIMER: THIS WEBSITE CONTAINS A PROJECT GUIDE aimed to guide project students in writing their original project. Therefore, all information, including but not limited to, text, graphics, images and other material contained on this website are for educational and informational purposes for students, researchers and readers only. To get more useful contents on educational project or instant download of complete project material on any topic or project writing services. Reach out to us with +2347068634102

About Peter Hezekiah 177 Articles
I am Peter Hezekiah, a Nigerian. A graduate of Economics/Education. I'm the Editor in projectboss.com.ng (A online company that deals with writing of final year project and provision of project materials of any topic to final year project students). My personal email is lawsonpeter10@gmail.com. My personal number; +2347068634102