PERCEPTION STUDENTS ON THE ROLE OF SCHOOL COUNSELLORS IN CAREER CHOICE AMONG SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS

PERCEPTION STUDENTS ON THE ROLE OF SCHOOL COUNSELLORS IN CAREER CHOICE AMONG SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS

PERCEPTION STUDENTS ON THE ROLE OF SCHOOL COUNSELLORS IN CAREER CHOICE AMONG SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS

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TABLE OF CONTENTS

Cover

Fly leaf

Title page

Declaration

Certification

Dedication

Acknowledgements

Table of Contents

Lists of tables

List of appendices

Abstract

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.1       Background of the study

1.2       Statement of the Problem

1.3       Purpose of the study

1.4       Research Questions

 

1.5       Research Hypotheses

1.6       Significance of the study

1.7       Delimitation of the study

1.8       Limitation of the study

1.9       Definition of Terms

CHAPTER TWO    

REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE

 

CHAPTER THREE

RESEARCH METHODS

3.1       Research Design

3.2       Area of the study

3.3       Population of the study

3.4       Sample and Sampling Technique

3.5       Instrumentation

3.6       Validation of the Instrument

3.7       Reliability of the Instrument

3.8       Scoring

3.9       Research Procedure

3.10     Method of Data Analysis

 

CHAPTER FOUR   

RESULTS AND DISCUSSION

4.1       Results (Presented in tables and interpreted)

4.2       Discussion of Result

4.3       Summary Finding

 

CHAPTER FIVE

SUMMARY, CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATIONS

5.1       Summary

5.2       Conclusion

5.3       Implications of the findings

5.4       Recommendations

5.5       Suggestion for Further Studies

5.6       References

5.7       Appendix

 

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.1    Background to the study

Career choice is one of the many important choices students will make in determining future plans. This decision will impact them throughout their lives. Brown (2012) describes the process of choosing a career as one of estimating one’s ability and values, estimating the skills and abilities required for success in a given occupation, and estimating the work values that will be satisfied by the various occupational alternatives available. Obviously, the essence of who the student is will revolve around what the student wants to do with their life-long work (Borchert, 2012).

However, secondary school education constitutes a critical juncture in shaping the academic and career trajectories of students (Brown, 2018). During this formative period, students are tasked with making consequential decisions regarding their future educational pursuits and career pathways (Smith & Johnson, 2019). Effective career guidance during this phase is paramount, influencing students’ academic achievements, career satisfaction, and overall life outcomes (Jones, 2020).

 

PERCEPTION STUDENTS ON THE ROLE OF SCHOOL COUNSELLORS IN CAREER CHOICE AMONG SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS

Moreover, central to the provision of guidance in secondary schools are school counselors, who play multifaceted roles encompassing academic, personal, and career counseling (Adams, 2017). Their pivotal role extends to aiding students in making well-informed decisions about their future careers by identifying their interests, skills, and strengths (Garcia & Lee, 2021).

In fact, exploring students’ perceptions of the role of school counselors in shaping their career decisions is pivotal. Understanding students’ perspectives on the effectiveness, relevance, and impact of counseling services is essential to evaluating the success of counseling programs within secondary schools (Brown & White, 2018). By assessing students’ perceptions, educators and counselors can identify potential areas for enhancing counseling services to better support students in their career decision-making process (Harris et al., 2020).

 

Furthermore, students’ perceptions of school counselors in relation to career choice are influenced by diverse factors. These factors include the accessibility and quality of counseling services, students’ awareness of available resources, individual interactions with counselors, cultural influences, and familial expectations (Thomas, 2019). A comprehensive exploration of these factors is imperative to gain insights into how students perceive the guidance and support provided by school counselors in navigating career decisions (Adams & Rogers, 2021).

Without reservation, the modern education systems are anticipated to aide learners to develop emotionally, socially, intellectually, and physically (Karatas & Kaya, 2015). In fact, counselors help the students to develop and make informed decisions including career selection.

 

Goodman-Scott and Grothaus (2017) elucidate that the roles of counselors have evolved and have since included mental health counseling, evaluation and psychometrics, career guidance, coordination, collaboration, and education among others. Perception students on the role of school counsellors in career choice among secondary school students.

In addition, according to Karatas and Kaya (2015), counselors establish vital psychological relationships with individual learners, which help in maintaining their respective development, decision-making, and solving problems.

Furthermore, Barden, Sherrell, and Matthews (2017) suggest that to accomplish the counseling roles in a professional manner, the counselors should be competent with regards to attaining the learners’ interests.

In essence, the perception of the students with regards to the role of the school counselors affect the aspect of career counseling; thence, the vitality to investigate how learners perceive the role of school counselors. Therefore, based on this background, the study aimed to examine the perception students on the role of school counsellors in career choice among secondary school students in Mkpat Enin Local Government Area.

 

1.2    Statement of the Problem

When considering the educational stage at which choice is to be made, secondary school is the best option. This is because most of these students choose jobs without relating them to their interest, satisfaction and capacity to cope with the nature of the job. However, the problem of inferiority complex, personal confidence, self-motivation and inter-personal relationship lead to building of fellow students, this at times leads to truancy in the school. Also some students do not have self confidence in terms of keeping themselves and do not want help from other people.

It has been observed that, despite the recognized importance of school counselors in facilitating career decision-making among secondary school students, there remains a lack of comprehensive insight into how students perceive the impact and effectiveness of counseling services in shaping their career trajectories. Thus, this knowledge gap hampers the ability to optimize the delivery of career guidance within secondary education settings.

 

However, the current state of understanding regarding students’ perceptions of the role of school counselors in career choice lacks depth in several crucial aspects. Firstly, there’s a need to delve into the specific counseling interventions and interactions that students find most influential or beneficial in their career decision-making processes. Secondly, factors affecting students’ perceptions, such as the accessibility of counseling services, the cultural relevance of guidance, and individual counselor-student dynamics, necessitate deeper exploration.

Additionally, understanding any potential disconnects between the perceived and actual roles of school counselors in students’ minds is essential for refining counseling programs. Therefore, this study aimed at examining the perception students on the role of school counsellors in career choice among secondary school students in Mkpat Enin Local Government Area.

 

1.3    Purpose of the Study

This study aimed to examine the perception students on the role of school counsellors in career choice among secondary school students in Mkpat Enin Local Government Area. Specifically, the study aimed to:

  1. examine the perceptions of students regarding the roles of counsellors in their career choices.
  2. find out the extent to which the perceived roles of counselors in secondary schools is in line with the global practices of counselors.
  3. find out the challenges militating against guidance and counselling practice.

 

1.4    Research Questions

The following research questions guided the study:

  1. What are the perceptions of students regarding the roles of counsellors in their career choices?
  2. What is the extent to which the perceived rolesof counselors in secondary schools is in line with the global practices of counselors?
  3. What are the challenges militating against guidance and counselling practice?

 

1.5    Research Hypothesis

  1. There is no significant relationship between counsellors’ role and students’ career choice in secondary schools.

 

1.6    Significance of the study

The study will be beneficial to the following:

  • Firstly, students would be properly counseled on their choice of subjects.
  • Secondly, parents will be educated on the importance of giving their children free hand to choose careers that they have interests and abilities.  Perception students on the role of school counsellors in career choice among secondary school students.

 

  • Furthermore, the study helps teachers in helping their students in choice of subjects.
  • Also, guidance counselor will use this study in counseling their clients on complicated issues and the way forward for easy intervention and assistance.
  • Lastly, the findings of this study will also help future researchers on related study as a source of data.

 

Definition of Terms  

Career: A chosen pursuit or course of business activity or enterprise, especially one’s professional life or employment that offers advancement and honour.

Perception: In brief, the way in which something is regarded, understood, or interpreted. Perception deals with the way people interpret sensations, using knowledge and understanding f the world, so that they become meaningful experiences.

 

Choice: An act of choosing between two  or more possibility, the right to choose or the possibility of choosing.

Career Choice: In brief, this is the selection and pursuing of a certain area that will lead to a particular profession after secondary education.

Academic Performance: This is the level of achievement of students in a social studies continuous assessment and examination. It is measured by the scores or grade of students in the continuous assessment and examination.

 

Conclusion

The finding of this study revealed that a significant relationship exists between counsellors’ role and students’ career choice in secondary schools in Mkpat Enin Local Government Area. It was thus concluded that students believe that counselors are central in their career choices, and as such they want trust and discretion of the counselor in relating to them.  Perception students on the role of school counsellors in career choice among secondary school students.

More also, it was concluded that to a high extent, the perception of the roles of counsellors in Nigeria is in line with the global practices of counsellors. This findings notwithstanding are not without some challenges such as wrong notion of counselling by school leadership and other staff, overloading of counselors with other jobs, and lack of funding to expose counselors to further in-service training and workshop to enable them improve on their services.

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