Project

PERCEPTION OF GIRL CHILD EDUCATION AND ACADEMIC ACHIEVEMENT OF STUDENTS IN BIOLOGY

PERCEPTION OF GIRL CHILD EDUCATION AND ACADEMIC ACHIEVEMENT OF STUDENTS IN BIOLOGY

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TABLE OF CONTENTS

Title Page

Certification

Dedication

Acknowledgements

Abstract

Table of contents

CHAPTER ONE –       INTRODUCTION

1.1    Background of the study

1.2    Statement of the problem

1.3    Purpose of the study

1.4    Significance of the study

 

1.5    Research Questions

1.6    Research Hypotheses

1.7    Limitation of the study

1.8    Delimitation of the study

1.9    Definition of terms

 

CHAPTER TWO        –       REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE

CHAPTER THREE     –       RESEARCH METHODOLOGY

3.1    The Research Design

3.2    Area of the study

3.3    Population of the study

3.4    Sample and Sampling Techniques

3.5    Instrument for Data Collection

 

3.6    Validation of the instrument

3.7    Scoring of the instrument

3.8    Administration of the instrument

3.9    Method of data analysis

CHAPTER FOUR – DATA PRESENTATION, ANALYSIS AND DISCUSSION OF FINDINGS

4.1.   Data presentation and analysis

4.2    Discussion of findings

 

CHAPTER FIVE

SUMMARY, CONCLUSION, AND RECOMMENDATION

5.1    Summary

5.2    Conclusion

5.3    Recommendations

References

Appendix

 

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.1   Background of the study

In typical African communities, men and women have their own roles to play for the benefit of the society. Men are the head of the family, while the women take care of the children and house. Moreover, this practice has been on for generations. It thereby stands as a draw-back to girls in many fields especially education.

Education of boys is considered more important because they are made to look after their parents and family, while the girls would be married out (Blurtyouropinion, 2021). Thus, this attitude of parents towards the girl child’s education was very common in native parts of Nigeria (Osiki, 2012).

Some parents still believe that secondary school education is the highest they can offer their female children because they see them as temporal members of the family.

 

PERCEPTION OF GIRL CHILD EDUCATION AND ACADEMIC ACHIEVEMENT OF STUDENTS IN BIOLOGY

All efforts made by parents are to ensure their male children attend school to place them in better position than girls in the society. Training of girls in the past was regarded as a waste to the family in the sense that the money spent on their education can never be regained, they are unlike the boys who will in return care for the family and also continue with the family name (Abdusalami, 2015).

Most African countries believed that women are in the home for domestic chores, therefore the girls are seen to be future home careers. When they get married, they tend to forget their parents and focus on their new home (Osiki, 2012).

Parents especially fathers are often concerned about the continuation of their name, because in cases where a wealthy man dies his property and assets are only shared among his male offspring. The females are not recognized ever in case where there is no male child, which in the event wives or the children are not educated can cause the family both children and wives to be homeless and the child forced into a loveless marriage (Abdusalami, 2015; Osiki, 2012). Perception of girl child education and academic achievement of students in biology.

Recent studies have shown that the backwardness of female education in Nigeria is mostly caused by the inability of the parents to fund the education due to financial problems among other factors (Mkpa, 2016; Bluntyouropinion, 2021). But thanks to the government of the day which has enforced free education on primary and secondary schools in some areas, enabling both males and females should not be denied the opportunity of education but should be considered as a positive step in building a healthy society.

In the present study, the researcher hopes to assess the perception of girl child education and academic achievement of students in biology.

 

1.2   Statement of the problem

The problem is that, in most African societies, it is clearly seen that most positions in politics, administrations both in government and the organized private sectors, and in social organizations, are variously occupied mostly by the males.

The teaching profession for instance, until recently has been dominated by the male teachers. Equally still, certain professional careers are dominated by the males in basically all cultures within the country, Nigeria.

 

However, a careful observation of the problem indicates that within the African societies, all the children within a family are not given equal educational opportunities.

The sex disparity in child education still holds sway. This study therefore seeks to identify perception of girl child education and academic achievement of students in biology.

  

1.3   Purpose of the study

The purpose of this study was to investigate the perception of girl child education and academic achievement of students in biology. Specifically, the study sought to find out the following:

(a)    To assess the ways people think, about the education of the female children, and how such thinking influence the academic performance of the female students.

(b)    To examine the perception of poor parents concerning girl child education and how this impacts on the academic performance of the female students in biology.

(c)    To examine the reasoning of educated parents about female children education and how this impacts on the academic performance of the female children.

 

 1.4   Significance of the study

This study shall be significant to numerous set of people including the parents, the school, as well as the government agencies.

Parents most importantly shall benefit from the report of this work from this report; parents shall be intimated to know that the refusal of education (indeed quality education) to the girl child is a great harm to the family, the society, the state as well as the nation at large. Perception of girl child education and academic achievement of students in biology.

Furthermore, the school will have a lot to learn from the work. For instance it is the place of the teachers and the head teacher to recognize the level of sex disparity and thereby try to make a balance within the society by encouraging school enrollment of girl-children inside the classes by removing the sex stereotype effect against the female children.

Lastly, the government will from this study carry out sanctification campaign towards the abolition of the obnoxious cultural beliefs and traditions which do not favour the treatment and the education of girl-children within the society.

 

1.5   Research Questions

The following research questions were raised for the study:

  1. What do the people of Ikono Local Government Area think about the education of the female children, and how do this influence the academic performance of the female students?
  2. What is the perception of poor parents concerning girl child education and academic performance of female students in Biology in Ikono Local Government Area?
  3. What is the reasoning of educated parents about female children’s education and how does this influence the academic performance of female children in Biology in Ikono Local Government Area?

 

1.6   Research Hypotheses

The following statements of research hypotheses were formulated for the study:

  1. There is no significant influence of the thinking of Ikono people about the education of the female children, and the academic performance of female students in Biology in Ikono Local Government Area.
  2. There is no significant influence of the perception of poor parents concerning girl child education, on academic performance of female students in Biology in Ikono Local Government Area.
  3. There is no significant influence of the reasoning of educated parents about their performance of female children in Biology in Ikono Local Government Area.

 

Definition of terms

Perception: A psychological term, usually indicating the way one thinks about something and his/her idea of what it is like.

Girl child: In brief, this refers to a female member of a family.

Academic achievement: Thus, this is the pedagogic ability of a student, measured often by his/her performances in standardized and non-standardized tests.

Poor parents: This refers to those parents whose level of income is below an average of us and 2 per day (UNICEF, 2015). These are parents who lack the resource to afford a three square meals and hence the ability to meet the educational needs of the children.

Educated parents: In brief, these are the parents whose educational status is not below that of degree.

 

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