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Background to the study

During pregnancy the body experience dramatic physiological and psychological changes which is natural and to remain healthy. The pregnant woman must indulge in regular physical activities call exercise. The professional health workers need to carefully design physical exercise programme to enable the pregnant woman remain healthy.

Different exercise programmes are available for pregnant mothers; these exercises include aerobic exercises such as dancing, walking and swimming. Another type is Kegel exercise; this involves tightening of pelvic muscles to control urine flow.

Notably, exercise has been known scientifically and physically to promote blood circulation to the mother and the foetal vital organs such as the brain, liver and heart etc; exercise also improve pelvic bone and muscle tone thus enhancing normal safe delivery of baby during labour.

Next, exercise is an activity requiring physical effort done to improve health, it is a physical or mental activity that is done to stay healthy or become stronger. Also, exercise session in antenatal clinic should be designed to stimulate interest in the physical changes occurring to promote body awareness and to facilitate physical and mental relaxation.


Haggard states that women who practiced more than one type of sports or leisure time physical activity had 24% of reduced risk of preterm delivery, which compared with women with no sports activity. The pregnant mothers should get up from lying by bending the knees. Rolling on to one side then using the arms to push up into a sitting or kneeling position to prevent strains on both the back and the abdominal muscles.

Exercising the abdominal muscles antenatal will ensure a speed to normal postnatal, effective pushing in labour, and the lessening of back ache in pregnancy. Exercise during pregnancy are of utmost concern for most medical caregiver, educators, the general public as well as pregnant mothers and their family. Regular and moderate exercise in early pregnancies is healthy for the mothers and their babies. Mother’s health physiotherapist is the ideal choice to teach the physical skills required or parenthood.

However in areas where there is no physiotherapist available. Midwives may find they responsible for physical preparation as well as parent education in antenatal classes or as one-to-one basis.



1.2 Statement of the problem

Reports have shown that Nigerian woman has a 1-in-23 risk of death related to pregnancy and delivery. This is higher than the general 1-in-31 maternal death risk for pregnant women throughout the sub- Saharan Africa. (WHO/UNICEF/UNFPA/World Bank, 2008).

Akwa Ibom State Ministry of Health (2010) indicated that Akwa Ibom State records one death out of every 100 live birth in pregnancy related cases. This makes Akwa Ibom State one of the regions with the highest maternal mortality rate in the world. Merson, Black and Mills (2006) listed the direct causes of maternal mortality. Which includes hypertensive disorders of pregnancy (preeclampsia), gestational diabetes, obstructed and prolonged labour.


ACOG (2002) recommends that prenatal exercise can reduce the rates of these direct causes of high maternal morbidity and mortality. This led to increased rate of maternal and foetal mortality especially in Akwa Ibom State.

Therefore, the general purpose of this study was to determine the perceived benefits of prenatal exercise among pregnant women attending antenatal clinic at the University Of Uyo Teaching Hospital, Uyo (UUTH) and levels of perception of benefits of prenatal exercise among these participants based on age and level of education.


1.3 Objectives of the study

The main objectives of this study is to investigate on the following

  1. The perceived exercises which pregnant women going for antenatal care can engage on.
  2. To educate individual on the positive effects of exercises in child bearing.
  3. To identify the importance of the exercises to pregnant women especially during delivery.


1.4 Research Questions

  1. What is the meaning of exercise and recreations
  2. Is there any importance of exercise in pregnancy
  3. How can exercise in pregnant women be positively improved
  4. How can exercise enhance in safe delivery.


1.5 significance of the study

Exercise during pregnancy has the following significance;

  1. It enhances weight loss in obese pregnant women
  2. It facilitates labour helps in delivery
  3. It provides information and education to the pregnant women and all women of child bearing age.
  4. It brings about the relief of fatigue, swelling and further pains.
  5. It can also help in guiding of health personals in the suitable exercises which a pregnant women can engage


1.6 scope of the study

This study focuses on the perceived exercises and other recreational activities among pregnant women attending antenatal clinic.


1.7 Limitation of the study

  1. Financial Limitations: The major limitation encountered by the researcher is finance because of inability to meet up with the responsibility of this project work.
  2. Measures of collecting data: The inability of fixing of data and questionnaires circulated to antenatal patience was a bite difficult to carry out.
  3. Lack of available or reliable data: There is an inadequacy of materials in the study area.


1.8 Operational Definition of Terms

 Exercise: Exercise is any bodily activity that enhances or maintains physical fitness and overall health and wellness

 Recreation: Recreation are activities, pastimes, and experiences which are freely chosen.

Health: Health is a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity

Relaxation: Relaxation is a process that decreases the effects of stress on your mind and body.

 Preterm: Preterm defined as regular contractions of the uterus resulting in changes in the cervix that start before 37 weeks of pregnancy.


Delivery: delivery, is the ending of pregnancy where one or more babies leaves the uterus by passing through the vagina or by Caesarean section

Physiotherapist: Physiotherapy is a health care profession which assists people to restore, maintain and maximize their strength, function, movement, and overall well-being.

 Care Givers: a person who provides direct care (as for children, elderly people, or the chronically.

Maternal Death: Maternal death is the death of a woman while pregnant or within 42 days of termination of pregnancy, irrespective of the duration and site of the pregnancy, from any cause related to or aggravated by the pregnancy or its management but not from accidental or incidental causes.

Hypoglycemia: Hypoglycemia is low blood sugar, or blood glucose.

Joselyn Nya

My Name is Joselyn Nya A Publisher in Project Boss Team. I'm a Nigerian I'm a graduate/Educational Researcher. Project Boss Team. We are the best for Project materials and project writing services. Email:

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