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PATRIARCHY DOMINATION IN FLORA NWAPA’S ONE IS ENOUGH AND ATA AMA AIDOO’S ANOWA

PATRIARCHY DOMINATION IN FLORA NWAPA’S ONE IS ENOUGH AND ATA AMA AIDOO’S ANOWA

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Abstract

This research dwelled on the negativity of patriarchy and matriarchy having used feminism theory in the analysis of the selected works of flora Nwapa and Ata Ama Aidoo. Moreover, chapter one gives a general introduction and background study of the selected works stating the purpose of the study, research question, justification, scope and methodology chapter two reviewed the literature related to the research topic, definition of terms according to various scholars. Chapter three focused on patriarchy vs matriarchy in Efuru also looking at the characters as they react.

Furthermore, chapter four also on patriarchy vs matriarchy in Anowa, bringing out the character features of the two elements. The last chapter of this research is the summary. Findings and conclusion of the analysis done on the selected works.

 

 CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.1  Background to the study

The word “patriarchy” comes from Greek, patria means father and arche means rule. Thus, patriarchy means rule of the father. Patriarchy is a social organization marked by supremacy of the father in class of family in both domestic and functions the legal dependence of wife or wives and children and the male line (Olaussen, 102). Feminist of most persuasions believes patriarchy to be a system valuing power over life. Moreover, control over pleasure and dominance over happiness, and they examine how gender interacts with ethnicity power and social class.  

Patriarchy literally means rule by men. It is a situation whereby women are ruled or controlled by men, giving power and importance to men. It is also an institutions used to describe societal attitude. This is why Gordon Taylor used the word “patrist” to describe attitudes.

 

PATRIARCHY DOMINATION IN FLORA NWAPA’S ONE IS ENOUGH AND ATA AMA AIDOO’S ANOWA

According to him the patrists are on the opinion that patriarchal system of authority is the original social organization.

They further opined that this system of oppositions of gender is caused by the obnoxious cultural practices.  This is why female writers write about societal prejudices such as; cultural domination, patriarchal domination and gender discrimination.

 

Thus, it is on this point that the Islamic author Alphy Plakkoottam argues that ‘Islamic society is a society of inequality between men and women with cultural discrimination. He said,as long as Islam propagates and condones multiple marriages, a man and woman relationship will not improve.

This assertion makes Mariama Bâtoopine that African women writers write on the effect of gender inequalities, exploitation and ageless barbaric oppression of the so-called weaker sex. She also opines that discriminations are still abundant inside families and institutions, on the street, in political assemblies, even in the place of work.

No doubt, African cultural practices make women to be voiceless. Because of the societal cultural practices that impose oppression, humiliation, discrimination and patriarchal suppression of women. The above form the basic point in the background to this study.

 

1.2     Statement of the problem       

The writings of Flora Nwapa and Ata Ama Aidoo centre on the issue of patriarchal domination, disillusionment, discrimination and suppression of African women.

These writers write to eradicate the negative effects of African cultural societies from patriarchal nature having the men in charge of all affairs and while neglecting women’s rights.

 

1.3     Purpose of the study

The purpose of this study is to analyse the negative issue in patriarchy domination in Flora Nwapa’s One is Enough and Ata Ama Aidoo’s Anowa.

 

1.4     Significance of the study 

The significance of this research stems for African women. Because it reveals the issues affecting them in different aspects of their life; their community status, place of work , job opportunities,  educational attainment and as  well as house wives. The patriarchy domination in Flora Nwapa’s one is enough and Ata Ama Aidoo’s Anowa.

The study will also be significant to researchers by mean of finding Nwapa and Aidoo’s issue on women’s predicaments.  English and literature students will also find this work important as well   as the  reader of this work.

 

1.5     Objectives of the study

          The study aim at examining the following objectives:

  1. to investigates the negative effects of patriarchy domination as portrayed in Flora Nwapa’s One is Enough and Ata Ama Aidoo’s Anowa.
  2. to examine the various ways Nwapa and Ama portray the issue of patriarchy domination on the  lives of African women, their suffering and the  pains they go through.
  3. to highlight women’s issue as portrayed by Nwapa and Ama’s writings and suggest ways of eradicating their predicaments freedom and social change.

 

1.6     Research Methodology  

The primary sources in this study is basically on Flora Nwapa’s One is Enough and Ata Ama Aidoo’s Anowa . The secondary sources will be on the use of internet, library and other female African writings for more information.

 

1.7     Scope and delimitation of the study 

The scope of this research work is delimited to Flora Nwapa’s One is Enough and Ata Ama Aidoo’s Anowa.

 

CONCLUSION

African feminism being a branch likes Marxism because it asks for female equality with men. Just as Marxism asks for class equality. The two selected writers whose works have been examined could be said to be liberal feminist. They use their works to mediate the feminist cause from their different or various perspectives, speaking for justice in gender issues. Having seen how culture, tradition and religion of the people affect patriarchy and matriarchy in a negative way.

This research work has examined an attempt by Flora Nwapa in Efuru and Ata Ama Aidoo in Anowa to reconstruct the image of women in a male controlled society as well as the struggle for social emancipation of women in the traditional system of a patriarchal society and the place of women as defined by the society.

 

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Joselyn Nya

My Name is Joselyn Nya A Publisher in Project Boss Team. I'm a Nigerian I'm a graduate/Educational Researcher. Project Boss Team. We are the best for Project materials and project writing services. Email: admin@projectboss.com.ng

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