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PARENTING STYLES AND ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE OF STUDENTS IN SECONDARY SCHOOL

PARENTING STYLES AND ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE OF STUDENTS IN SECONDARY SCHOOL

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TABLE OF CONTENTS

Title Page

Certification

Dedication

Acknowledgements

Abstract

Table of Contents

 

CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION

1.1    Background to the Study

1.2    Statement of the Problem

1.3    Purpose of the Study

1.4    Significance of the Study

1.5    Research Questions

 

1.6    Research Hypotheses

1.7    Delimitation of the Study

1.8    Limitation of the Study

1.9    Definition of Terms

 

CHAPTER TWO – REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE

CHAPTER THREE: RESEARCH METHODOLOGY

3.1    Area of the Study

3.2    Research Design

3.3    Population for the Study

3.4    Sample and sampling Technique

 

3.5    Instrument for Data Collection

3.6    Validation of the Instrument

3.7    Administration of the Instrument

3.8    Scoring of the Instrument

3.9    Method of Data Analysis

 

CHAPTER FOUR: DATA ANALYSES AND DISCUSSION OF FINDINGS

4.1    Data Analysis

4.2    Discussion of Findings

 

CHAPTER FIVE: SUMMARY, RECOMMENDATIONS AND CONCLUSION

5.1    Summary

5.2    Recommendations

5.3    Conclusion

5.4    Suggestions for Further Study

References

Appendix

 

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.1    Background to the Study

The relationship between a student and his or her parents has been noted to have an influential impact on not only the student performance in school but also in his/her life generally. Moreover, parenting styles have been analyzed and grouped by educationists. Numerous studies such as that of Mandara (2016) and Micki (2018) have showed that the parenting style experienced by children contribute in no small measure to the molding of the behavioural pattern generally and specifically the performance of the children.

Micki (2018) noted that the relationship between parenting styles and their children’s performance has shown that parents can have a dramatic impact on their children’s performance, often resulting in a vast improvement. Also, though; not as prevented, it is also shown that parents can have a powerful impact on their children’s behaviour in the classroom and at other school based activities.

 

PARENTING STYLES AND ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE OF STUDENTS IN SECONDARY SCHOOL

Furthermore, according to Weiss and Schwarz (2023), parenting styles are summarized and placed into four (4) general themes of discipline, positive parenting, monitoring and problem solving. In addition, according them, discipline theme of parenting style involves the discouragement of behavioural excess or anti-social behaviour. They give the components to good disciplinary practices which are accurate definition and labeling of certain behaviours as excessive anti-social, consistent tracking of those behaviors over time across settings.

However, positive parenting, as explained by Weiss and Schwarz (2023) means the interactions between the parents and their children which foster interpersonal, academic achievement and work skills which encourage the development of normative values and standards of behaviour.

According to them, students of parents who use positive parenting skills are generally less likely to have low academic performance in schools. On the other hand, students of parents who are supportive and affectionate, or are rejecting and generally negative in their attitude are likely to perform law academically.

 

According to Weiss and Schwarz (2023), monitoring means parental awareness of children’s peer associates, free time activities, schools awareness and performance in school activities. Thus, students from good monitoring parental background and generally associated with good academic performance while ineffective monitoring has been associated with poor academic performance of the students.

Generally, parenting styles are classified into authoritarian, democratic, permissive and laissez-faire (Baumrind, 2011). Baumrind (2011) explained that in the authoritarian parenting styles, students are exposed to a kind of master-servant relationship with their parents where overly harsh, punitive with no freedom to the children takes places. Parenting styles and academic performance of students in secondary school.

Specifically, in a democratic parenting style, there is a kind of positive parenting where there is mutual interaction between parents and their children. Also, in the permissive parenting style, freedom of choice is given to the students as their parents rarely exert discipline.

Furthermer, in the laissez-faire parenting style, we have a kind of indifferent or un-involving parenting where the parents show non-challant attitude to the activities of their children both at home and in school. Therefore, this study intends to examine parenting styles and academic performance of students in secondary school.

 

1.2    Statement of the Problem

Without reservation, at the senior secondary school level, all the core subjects if effectively taught, according to Yusuf (2023), has the potential to influence all round development of Nigerian youth. However, students’ performance in the subject shows growing decline in the senior school certificate Examination. One of the reasons for the poor performance of the students may be due to the parenting style adopted by their parents.

Moreover, parenting styles are meant to capture normal variations of their wards if parents attempt to socialize their children and boost their academic performance in school. As such, parenting styles can be both supportive and unsupportive in their tone, both of which affect their school educational attainment. Therefore, based on the above, the study was conducted to investigate parenting styles and academic performance of students in secondary school.

 

1.3    Purpose of the Study

The main purpose of this study was to examine parenting styles and academic performance of students in secondary school. Specifically, the objectives of this study include:

  1. To find out the academic performance of students in Government from authoritative and laissez-faire parents.
  2. To compare the academic performance of students in Government from authoritarian and neglectful parents.

 

1.4  Significance of the Study

This study will be useful to many people who may want to know those factors that could make or mar student’s academic performance in school. Therefore, the study is significant in the following regards:

  1. Firstly, it will provide empirical evidence to schools, parents and students about the nature of academic performance of students in schools. Parenting styles and academic performance of students in secondary school.
  2. Secondly, the result of this study would aid parents to adopt authoritative parenting style in managing their houses which they belong.
  3. Also, the findings from this study will serve a reference material for future researcher that might investigate on the same or similar variables.

 

1.5 Research Questions

The following research questions were formulated to guide the study:

  1. Is there any significance difference between academic performance of students in Government from authoritarian and neglectful parents.
  2. Is there any significance difference between academic performance of students in Government from authoritative and laissez-faire parents?

 

1.6    Research Hypotheses

Two null hypotheses are formulated for the study:

  1. There is no significant difference between academic performance of students in Government from authoritarian and neglectful parents.
  2. There is no significant difference between academic performance of students in Government from authoritative and laissez-faire parents?

 

1.7 Limitation of the Study

Several problems are encountered while undertaking this research work. Some of these include:

  1. The period give for the completion of this study was not enough for a wider and more in-dept study.
  2. Secondly, lack of funds to procure necessary materials for the study and high cost of transportation in getting to sample schools constitutes some hindrances.
  3. Lack of enough previous research materials on the subject was also an added constraint encountered during the course of this work.

 

Conclusion

It is evident from all that have been discussed in this study that parenting styles has great influence on students’ academic achievement and generally well- being of the students. Also, parenting function that influence children’s performance across a wide spectrum of environment and across different Local Government Areas of students. It is worthy to note that both parental responsiveness and parental demandingness are important components of good parenting. Parenting styles and academic performance of students in secondary school.

However, based on the objectives of the study, the following conclusions were drawn:

  1. There is a significant difference between academic performance of students  from authoritarian and Laissez- faire parents.
  2. There is a significant difference between academic performance of students from authoritarian and neglectful parents.

 

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Joselyn Nya

My Name is Joselyn Nya A Publisher in Project Boss Team. I'm a Nigerian I'm a graduate/Educational Researcher. Project Boss Team. We are the best for Project materials and project writing services. Email: admin@projectboss.com.ng

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