Research Proposals

PARENTAL MOTIVATIONS AND STUDENTS ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE IN ECONOMICS IN SECONDARY SCHOOLS

PARENTAL MOTIVATIONS AND STUDENTS ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE IN ECONOMICS IN SECONDARY SCHOOLS

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TABLE OF CONTENTS

Title Page

Certification

Dedication

Acknowledgements

Abstract

Table of Contents

 

CHAPTER ONE     –        INTRODUCTION

1.1     Background of the study

1.2     Statement of the Problem

1.3     Objective of the Study

1.4     Significance of the Study

 

1.5     Research Questions

1.6     Research Hypotheses

1.7     Limitation of the Study

1.8     Definition of the Team

  

CHAPTER TWO    –        REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE

CHAPTER THREE           –        RESEARCH METHODOLOGY

3.1     Area of the study

3.2     Research design

3.3     Population of the study

3.4     Sample and sampling techniques

 

3.5     Instrument for Data Collection

3.6     Validation of instrument

3.7     Administration of Instrument

3.8     Scoring of the instrument

3.9     Method of Data Analysis

  

CHAPTER FOUR

DATA ANALYSIS AND DISCUSSION OF FINDINGS

4.1     Data Analysis

4.2     Discussion of Findings

CHAPTER FIVE

SUMMARY, RECOMMENDATIONS AND CONCLUSION

5.1     Summary

5.2     Recommendations

5.3     Conclusion

References

Appendix

  

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.1    Background of the study

The principal actors in every home are the parents. For this reason, the attitude of the parents at home towards the education of their children will greatly influence the performance of these children in school. Moreover, it is apparent that the subject of economics is much accepted to the generality of students, irrespective of them being in the humanities (Arts) or sciences.

Without a doubt, Economics as a subject of discipline seems to be a basic entry requirement for admission in most management and social science courses in our tertiary institutions. This means that economics is the root from which business/management and all management related disciplines, such as insurance, accounting, purchasing and supply, marketing, personnel, just to mention a view, derive their existence from.

Thus, the position of economics as the centre point in resource management training equally demands that the relevant motivation is considered to be a strong ingredient for better academic performance of students (McCandles and Evans, 2021).

 

PARENTAL MOTIVATIONS AND STUDENTS ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE IN ECONOMICS IN SECONDARY SCHOOLS

An investigation on parental motivation and student’s performance, has revealed that parents who interact with their children at home in a variety of ways show interest in what they do or say tend to encourage their children towards better results at school. On the other hand, children whose parents show little or no attitude or attention to their studies at home, do not motivate and encourage better academic performance in most subjects which economics is included (Ogunlade, 2017).

It is observed that some parents shift their responsibilities to teachers in the school or evening lesson teachers because they are too busy to employ the natural setting such as meals time, and table talks through which they can interact with children. Indeed, such interactions encourage and give the parents opportunity to know how well the children are disposed towards education.

 

According Vernon to (2015) when parents do not motivate their children at home, they may become tired to the extent that they will not be able to do anything after schools-school work. Such children are known to sleep always in class while lessons are going on. Parental motivations and students academic performance in economics in secondary schools.

Without reservation, the home environment contributes to effective attainment of educational goals and objectives. For example literate parents supervise their children work and even teach them at home and they provide opportunity for correction of wrong attitude they posses outside the school environment

According to Mario (2016), the necessary educational materials which promote learning and subsequently better performance will be made available with ease to the children.

 

Parent from higher socio-economic status families have higher expectation from their children than those from lower socio-economic status. Thus, this is confirmed by the fact that educational facilities in higher socio-economic families, parental pressure and assistance could help children to develop high achievement motivation and study habits.

Meanwhile, given the background, this study was conducted to substantiate the above divergent claims by determining parental motivations and students academic performance in economics in secondary schools.

 

1.2    Statement of the Problem

The problem of this study is low academic performance of economic students in both internal and external examination in selected secondary schools. However, based on this, there is need to investigate the relationship between parental motivation which is one of the family variables that determines academic performance of students in secondary schools in our own environment.

However, the central problem confronting educational organization in Akwa Ibom State and Nigeria as a whole is the ability to achieve stated goals in the learners through provision of educational facilities and motivation by parents.

 

Furthermore, most studies suggest that parental motivational variable typically translate to gains in students’ academic performance. Specifically, such variable include; parental educational level, parental socio-economic status, parental occupation among others. When all these mentioned variables are not there, there is a reduction in optimum performance on the students thus less achievement.

Undeniably, low level of students’ performance and achievements may not result from the students ability and capacity to perform. But may be directly connected to the parental motivation. Since motivation is seen to be a crucial factor in the learning process, the study therefore helps to examine parental motivations and students academic performance in economics in secondary schools.

 

1.3    Objective of the Study

The main objective of the study was to examine parental motivations and students academic performance in economics in secondary schools. Specifically, the study sought to:

  • Determine the effects of parental education background on students’ academic performance in economics.
  • Asses the influence of socio-economic status of parents on academic performance of students in Economics.
  • Examine the influence of parenting style on academic performance of students in Economics.

 

1.4    Significance of the Study

The study will be of immense importance to the students, teachers, parents, Government, policy makers in various ways.

  • Students: Firstly, the study will encourage students to know the importance of being motivated by ones parents and the resultant effects on academic performance. It will also encourage students to create a better learning time table at home and in school.
  • Teacher: – This will help teachers to indentify appropriate strategies to employ in order to arrive at better students’ achievement/performance in the subject of Economics. It will help enrich the competence of both teachers and students in the teaching and learning experience in economics. Parental motivations and students academic performance in economics in secondary schools.

 

  • Furthermore, the study will help the government to know the need to creating conducive learning environment in schools as this will complement the efforts made by teachers and parents.
  • The findings will also provide information to curriculum planners and designers on how to plan or design, secondary schools curriculum taking cognizance of parental motivational variable.

 

1.5    Research Questions

For a successful pursuance of the study, the following research questions were raised.

  • To what extent does parents’ educational background influence students’ academic performance in Economic?
  • Does a parent level of income influence students’ academic performance in Economics?
  • To what extent does parenting style influence students academic performance in Economics?

 

 1.6    Research Hypotheses

The following null research hypotheses were formulated to guide the study;

  • There is no significant difference in academic performance of students in Economic whose parents are educated and those who parents are not educated
  • There is no significant difference in academic performance of students from high income and those from low income family.
  • There is no significant difference in academic performance of students who are from democratic parenting style and laissez-faire parenting style.

 

1.7    Limitation of the Study

In course of conducting the study, certain factors posed little obstacles generalization of the project. This includes;

  • Financial Constraint: the researcher relied solely on the paltry financial contribution of his parents which was hardly sufficient to cater for a wider research project than this.
  • Limited time: The time frame of one semester accosted by the college authority to complete and submit the research was not sufficient to cover a wider area on the topic. Therefore, the report of the research could not be generalized to more local Government Areas.

 

 Definition of the Terms

Motivation: In brief, motivation is any condition which initiates, guide and maintain a response.

Parents: In brief, these are guidance of students in the family. It may be biological parents or guidance.

Students: Ekong (2015) defines students as learners in the secondary school level of education. Thus, students are learners or pupils offering Economics as a subject. Parental motivations and students academic performance in economics in secondary schools.

Laissez-faire parent:  Is a trench term meaning ‘’ to let people do as the please’’. Applied to parenting, the term refers to a permissive style in which parents avoid providing guidance and discipline, make no demands for maturity and impose to controls on their child behavior.

Democratic parents: In this style the parents are the rulers of the house. They make the rules, they set the punishments and children obey those rules that are given them.

 

Conclusion  

On the basis of the findings of the study, the researcher thereby concluded that:

  • Firstly, parental motivation is one of the major factors influencing students’ academic performance in economics.
  • Secondly, there is a significant difference in academic performance of students in economics performance whose parents are educated and those whose parents are not educated.
  • Thirdly, there is no significant difference in academic performance of students from high income and those from low income family.
  • Lastly, there is no significant difference in academic performance of students who are from democratic parenting style and laissez-faire parenting style.

 

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Peter Hezekiah

I am Peter Hezekiah, a Nigerian. A graduate of Economics/Education. I'm the Editor in projectboss.com.ng (A online company that deals with writing of final year project and provision of project materials of any topic to final year project students). My personal email is lawsonpeter10@gmail.com. My personal number; +2347068634102

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