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PARENT MOTIVATION AND ACADEMIC ACHIEVEMENT IN AGRICULTURAL SCIENCE AMONG SECONDARY SCHOOLS STUDENTS

PARENT MOTIVATION AND ACADEMIC ACHIEVEMENT IN AGRICULTURAL SCIENCE AMONG SECONDARY SCHOOLS STUDENTS

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TABLE OF CONTENTS

Title Page

Certification

Dedication

Acknowledgements

Abstract

Table of Contents

 

CHAPTER ONE        

INTRODUCTION

1.1    Background to the study

1.2    Statement of the Problem

1.3    Purpose of the study

1.4    Research questions

 

1.5   Research hypothesis

1.6     Significant of the study

1.7    Scope and Limitation of the study

1.8    Delimitation of the study

1.9  Operational Definition of terms]

CHAPTER TWO

RELATED LITERATURE REVIEWS

2.1    Concept of motivation on parent performance

2.1.1 Theories of motivation on learning outcome

2.1.2 Instinct theory of motivation

2.1.3 Incentive theory of motivation

 

2.2    Importance of Motivation

2.3    Psychological aspect of motivation and learning

2.4    Social factors of motivation and learning

2.5    The impact of motivation on student performance

2.6    Summary of Related literature

 

CHAPTER THREE     –       RESEARCH METHODS

3.1    Research Area

3.2    Research Design

3.3    Population of the Study

3.4    Sample and Sampling Technique

3.5    Instrument for Data Collection

 

3.6    Data Collection Procedure

3.7    Validity of the Instrument

3.8    Data Analysis Technique

 

CHAPTER FOUR

ANALYSIS OF DATA AND DISCUSSION OF FINDINGS

4.1    Data Presentation

4.2    Discussion of Findings

 

CHAPTER FIVE

SUMMARY, RECOMMENDATIONS AND CONCLUSION

5.1    Summary

5.2    Recommendations

5.3    Conclusion

References

Appendices

 

ABSTRACT

This study was conducted to find out parental motivation and students academic achievement in Agricultural science in secondary schools in Ibiono Ibom Local Government Area. The quasi-experimental research design was adopted for the study. A questionnaire entitled was used for data collection.

  A sample size of 100 respondents was used. An independent t-test statistical method was used for data analysis. The findings of the study revealed that academic achievement of students whose parent provide home lesson for them and students whose parents provide learning materials for them in their home performed academically better than those students whose parents do not provide learning materials for them in Agricultural science.

 

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.1   Background to the study

Education is the best legacy parents can give to their children. The development of the nation starts from the family. When the family succeeds in teaching and impacting good values in their children, the country becomes a better place to live in (Uko, 2023). It is generally believed that the basis for any true development must commence with the development of human resources. Moreover, formal education is the demonstration of such desires to effectively and efficiently build a sound and strong economy.

Motivation is the process through which individuals are charged to increase their action or performance either by internal intrinsic (external or extrinsic) factors. In brief, intrinsic motivation is said to be derived internally in the task itself. It occurs while a person is performing an activity in which he takes delight and derives satisfaction in doing such activity.

 

Tella (2023) motivation can be influenced by both intrinsic and extrinsic factors such variables are considered in this study, in the context of this study, pupils motivation is the extrinsic variables that are not within pupils themselves (intrinsic) that can change or encourage them to learn and perform better in their examination, these motivational variables include Parental motivation, reinforcement, teachers teaching methods e.t.c.

 

PARENT MOTIVATION AND ACADEMIC ACHIEVEMENT IN AGRICULTURAL SCIENCE AMONG SECONDARY SCHOOLS STUDENTS

Without a doubt, motivation plays an important role in influencing pupils academic performance in learning situation. In fact, individual learners have varying levels of psychological needs that do exert much influence on their academic performance and determine the degree of their activities in the classroom. For this reason, parents have the role and responsibility of motivating their children towards effective learning in school and subsequently toward recording successes in their examination. It is not only sending their children to the most expensive school that matter but ensuring that all their learning needs are provided (Davidson, 2012).

Parents also have roles to play in motivating their children to learn. There are parents who equipped their children with all the recommended textbooks as well as other school requirements most of such parents equipped student take interest in academic activities demanded the needed learning materials. Some pupils are on the other hand handicapped and not motivated to participate in academic activities because, they lack the learning materials (Okoro, 2022).

Teachers equally places an importance role in motivating the learners, Moreover, most of the social-cognitive models of motivation assume that pupils’  motivation is influenced by rewards and praise by their teacher, classrooms interactions, activities, reinforcement  practices and culture (Pintrich, 2013).

 

Therefore, the teacher’s instructional practice has a crucial role in facilitating pupils’ motivation. Thus, the relation between different aspects of teachers’ instructional practices and pupils’ motivation in mathematics is quite strong.

Specifically, the use of reinforcement strategies in the lesson can be motivating factor for managing student behavior and maximizing the learning outcome. In addition to other strategies in classroom teaching, having good strategies of reinforcement can attract the attention and boost the interest of the pupils in teach (Newcomer, 2009). Therefore, it is important that teacher must make instruction interesting using various strategies and materials. That way, it will make the learning of English Language not only interesting, will be engaging, investigative and adventurous and motivating.

 

1.2   Statement of the problem

Without reservation, the major problem that attracted the attention of the researcher to this study is the poor parental motivation of the students in Agricultural science among secondary school in Ibiono Ibom Local Government Area in recent time.

Despite that some parent in some locality are peasant farmers and there are poor. This poverty state hinder them not to give proper attention to their children’s e.g. buying of books, textbook, etc and which will enable their performance in Agricultural science to be poor.

 

However, the report from the ministry of education junior secondary school (JSS3) shows that student achievement has reduced drastically. The parent motivation and academic achievement in agricultural science among secondary schools students.

Undeniably, the society blames the poor achievement of student to survival factors which include, parent’s characteristic, parents personal contribution, parents interest n the child. Based on the academic malaise of students in Agricultural science many researchers have been carried out to investigate about the poor performance of student, but much has been due as it relates to parents motivation.

In order to fill this gap, the study will be conducted to find out whether parental motivation can exert influence on academic achievement of students in Agricultural science among secondary schools.

 

1.3   Purpose of the study

The main purpose of this study is aimed at finding out the parental motivation on students academic achievement in the Agricultural science among secondary school student in Ibiono Ibom Local Government Area. The study specifically seeks to;

  1. to determine the influence of parents provision of learning materials on academic achievement of students in Agricultural science among secondary schools in Ibiono Ibom Local Government Area .
  2. To investigate the effect of parental provision of home lessons on academic achievement of students in Agricultural science among secondary school student in Ibiono Ibom Local Government Area.

 

1.4   Research Questions

  1. How does the academic achievement of student whose parent provides learning material for them and those whose parent dose not, in Agricultural science among secondary school in Ibiono Ibom Local Government Area.
  2. How does the academic achievement of student whose parent provide home lesson for them and those whose parent does not provide home lesson for in Agricultural science among secondary school in Ibiono Ibom Local Government Area.

 

1.5   Research Hypotheses

Ho1 There is no significant difference between students whose parents provide learning material for them at home and those, whose parent dose not, in Agricultural science among secondary school in Ibiono Ibom Local Government Area.

Ho2     There is no significant difference between students whose parent provide learning material for them and those whose parent does not provide learning materials for them in Agricultural science among secondary school in Ibiono Ibom Local Government Area.

 

1.6   Significant of the study

         This study will bring to focus the roles of parents in the educational planning of their children parents will not be avoided from their responsibilities especially in the timely payment of fees for them and procurement of text books, uniform, and foods etc. for their children. The parent motivation and academic achievement in agricultural science among secondary schools students.

This study will also enable the parent to focus attention directly to their children in the house when they are back from school to help them in school and also make the parent to be aware that, they have greater role to play from high academic achievement of their children. Also, the study will serve as a reference bank to other researches who may wish to carry out researches related to the topic.

 

Operational Definition of terms

Parental motivation –this refers to personal attitude of parent which are capable of influencing academic achievement of students.

Academic achievement- In brief, this refers to the students test and examination score or result

Motivation –it is act or the process of giving someone a reason for doing something.

The parent motivation and academic achievement in agricultural science among secondary schools students.

 

Conclusion

Based on findings of the study, it is therefore concluded that parents should always motivate their children academically by providing learning material and provision of home lesson for effective academic achievement in Agricultural science in secondary schools and to retain what is learnt. This is because motivated students always face their work with zeal and interest.

 

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