OVERCROWDING IN CLASSROOM AND PRIMARY SCHOOL STUDENTS INTEREST IN MATHEMATICS

OVERCROWDING IN CLASSROOM AND PRIMARY SCHOOL STUDENTS INTEREST IN MATHEMATICS
OVERCROWDING IN CLASSROOM AND PRIMARY SCHOOL STUDENTS INTEREST IN MATHEMATICS

OVERCROWDING IN CLASSROOM AND PRIMARY SCHOOL STUDENTS INTEREST IN MATHEMATICS

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TABLE OF CONTENTS

Title Page

Certification

Dedication

Acknowledgements

Abstract

Table of Contents

 

CHAPTER ONE – INTRODUCTION

1.1  Background of the Study

1.2  Statement of the Problem

1.3  Purpose of the Study

1.4  Significance of the Study

1.5  Research Questions

 

1.6  Research Hypotheses

1.7  Limitation of the Study

1.8  Scope of the Study

1.9  Definition of Terms

 

CHAPTER TWO – REVIEW OR RELATED LITERATURE 

CHAPTER THREE- RESEARCH DESIGNED AND

METHODOLOGY

3.1  Area of the Study

3.2  Research Design

3.3  Purpose of the Study

 

3.4  Sample and Sampling Technique

3.5  Instrumentation

3.6  Data Collection/Analysis

 

CHAPTER FOUR – DATA PRESENTATION, ANALYSIS AND DISCUSSION OF RESULT

4.1  Introduction

4.2  Data Presentation and Analysis

4.3  Discussion of Findings

 

CHAPTER FIVE – SUMMARY, RECOMMENDATIONS AND CONCLUSION

5.1  Summary

5.2  Recommendations

5.3  Conclusion

References

Appendix

 

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.1  Background of the Study

Without a doubt, the general classroom environment encompasses a broad range of educational concepts these include the physical setting, the psychological environment created through social context and numerous instructional components related to teachers and learners characteristics and behaviour. Moreover, study in classroom variables has been widespread across nearly all sub-specializations of educational psychology. However, researchers are interested in relationship between environment of the classroom constructor and multiple outcomes which include learning, engagement, motivation, sound relationship and group dynamics.

In relate online study; the word classroom is defined as a place where one learns or gain experience. it is also taken to mean a room as in a school or college in which classes are held. Although learning can still take place everywhere, the need for a classroom or classrooms cannot be overlooked. The class is made up of special set of people, they may be of the same age level; same study ability, same developmental level as well as people having the same educational needs.

 

OVERCROWDING IN CLASSROOM AND PRIMARY SCHOOL STUDENTS INTEREST IN MATHEMATICS

According to Utah (2023) a classroom is principle unit of a school/institution and should be given attention. he gave a picture of a true and ideal classroom to be specious, well electrified or has proper lightly, has sufficient seats and tables for both teachers and learners. It should also have basic teaching aids and must be properly ventilated. All classrooms by all means should be made conducive for an effective teaching/learning process.

Without reservation, according to the National Policy on Education (2013), the primary school is an education giving institution for learners’ age 6-11 plus. Thus, this means each class has students of certain ages. Primary one has the 6years old, seven for 2, Eight-3 and 9years for primary Four, primary 5 and 6 have students aged 10 and 11 respectively. There are also issues of under aged as well as over aged learners in our school system.

 

Another most important variable of a classroom is that which really relates to the study at hand. The case of teacher is to (:) students ratio. This is important as it help check whether the classroom is in its normal population or over crusaded.

Furthermore, according to the National Policy on Education (2013), to ensure that the main method of teaching at the pre-primary education level shall be through play and the curriculum of teacher education is oriented to achieve this; regulation and control the operation; the teacher – pupil ration shall be 1:25. This means that at the nursery level of education the government stipulated number of students for one teacher is 25. That of the primary is 1:35 while that the secondary is 1.40.

The highest number of students expected in our classes should be piles five which is not even state officially. The case in our present day educational system different even in our private system which is not free. Now most of our public schools have more than sixty (60) learners in a class be taught by one teacher. This situation has brought overcrowded into our classroom setting. The available facilities in the school cannot effectively accommodate the learners for effective teaching/learning processes.

 

The teacher seem to have more work load than is suppose to be evaluation processes fare negatively affected. Therefore observing the above in our school system, the concern to examine overcrowding in classroom and primary school students interest in mathematics.

 

1.2  Statement of the Problem

As it is in the National Policy on education, a classroom was meant to carry only 25, 35 and 40 learners for the pre-primary, primary and secondary levels of education respectively. But cases in our schools had been in the reverse direction. Although it has been an era of free and compulsory education in the state, for the public schools, overcrowding still find it’s may into the non-free private schools in the state or nation of large. Moreover, according to Ukpong (2022), there had be effects of Nigerian over-population an every sector of life in the nation. In addition, he mentioned mass rural urban migration, Unemployment, poor standard of living and deteriorating quality of education as some of the effects.

Quite unlike thirty years ago, most Nigerian today pay great attention to education. Undeniably, there is hardly any family which would not struggle to send their children to school.

 

However, in support of the above, at the “Education for all summit of High population countries” held in Delhi 2012, UNESCO (2013) reported that “the qualitative teaching and learning that prevailed in schools some two or three decades age is no more there”. Overcrowding in classroom and primary school students interest in mathematics.

In addition, Ukpong (2022) had said that or a quick look into the windows of our primary and secondary school system reveals that between 60-70 learners are clammed together in to single classroom with no sitting arrangement in the process of teaching and learning.

 

Furthermore, after the issue of overcrowding in classroom cones, the case lack of teachers to even care for the number given to them. Hence, these cases had brought serious problems on the educational systems which are this identified in the study:

(i)    Firstly, in-effective instructional process, poor teaching/learning?

(ii)   There are also discipline problems in the class.

(iii)  Thirdly, ineffective classroom supervision and follow-up for slow leaner’s.

(iv)  Also, complicated learners evaluation procedures.

(v)   Unsafe and unconducive classroom environment due to noise of space and improper ventilation for the crowd.

Therefore, the above mention problems had raised concern in the researcher to examine overcrowding in classroom and primary school students interest in mathematics.

 

1.3  Purpose of the Study

The main purpose of this research work is to overcrowding in classroom and primary school students interest in mathematics. Specifically, the purposes include:

(i)    Present the overpopulation problems in the society faced by the education system.

(ii)   Reveal the neglect by government of birth control in the nation.

(iii)  Assess the effectiveness of mathematics instructions in our primary schools.

(iv)  Unveil the problems faced by teacher is overcrowded classes during continuous assessment.

(v)   To suggest possible ways of overcoming the issue of over crowdedness in our school system.

 

1.4  Significance of the Study

This study should be of benefit to our learners, parents, teachers as well as administrators in the following ways:

(i)    Students should by having understanding of the problems of overcrowded classroom make personal study their goals in addition the little work done in their classes.

(ii)   Parents should consider the population of the school and class-sizes in school before enrolling their wards.

(iii)  Parents should also make provision for a one – on –one extra moral class for the children.

(iv)  Furthermore, our teachers should by reading through the context of this study gin knowledge and technique for running an overcrowded classroom. Overcrowding in classroom and primary school students interest in mathematics.

(v)   Head teachers shall be conscious of the capacity as well as the facilities in their school and admit teacher accordingly.

(vi)  Lastly, education planner, administrators and the government shall train more teacher and as well open more schools in communities that do not have schools.

 

1.5  Research Questions

Some questions were asked and used as a guide to the study.

(i)    Are the case of overcrowding classroom in our school in recent times?

(ii)   To what extent does overcrowding in classroom affect students interest development in mathematics?

(iii)  To what extent does overcrowding in classroom affect instructional processes in primary schools

(iv)  To What extent does overcrowding in classroom affect continuous assessment process in our schools

(v)   Are there suggested ways schools can overcome overcrowding classroom.

 

1.6  Research Hypotheses

(i)    There is no significant relationship between overcrowding in classroom and students interest for mathematics in primary schools.

(ii)   There is no negative influence on continuous assessment processes caused by overcrowding classroom in mathematics assessment.

 

Definition of Terms

Class: A group of learner taught together with common characteristics such as age/development abilities.

Classroom: A special room in the school where teaching/learning activities are carried out.

Interest: In brief, the state of wanting is know about something what makes one curious or attentive

Overcrowding: Being much larger than quest a normal crowd.

 

Conclusion

From the facts revealed in the study and the knowledge gained from the study mastery of subject matter, generating interest in the learners as well as the used of appropriate teaching methods for every lesson taught to learners, all teachers employed to teach should be professionally trained and certified. Thus, this will make instructional process more effective at all level of education. Overcrowding in classroom and primary school students interest in mathematics.

These implies that the teacher as well as this methods of teaching are indispensable if  instructional process is to be make effectiveness.

 

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