Mother Tongue Interference in News Broadcast


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This study examined to examine Mother Tongue Interference in news broadcast in Akwa Ibom State Broadcasting Cooperation (AKBC). To achieve the objectives of the study, survey research design was adopted. The population of the study was ten (10) English version Broadcasters in Akwa Ibom State Broadcasting Cooperation (AKBC). Two research questions were formulated to guide the study. Instrument used for data collection was Audio tape recordings on mother tongue interference (ATROMTIAKBC).


Data analysis was simple percentage, findings revealed that in spite of the fact that Akwa Ibom State Broadcasting Cooperation (AKBC) performed well in their spoken English and the articulation of sound segments, these  broadcasts are influenced by mother tongue which leads to their  mispronunciation of words such as/very/to/fery/problem/ ploblem/ and/divine/for/ define/ during transmission.

Based on these findings, the study recommended that seminars should be organized on areas affecting their mispronunciation during news transmission. In the same vein, these broadcasters should also cultivate the habit of listening regularly to the native speakers of English who will serve as models for them to emulate.




Title Page






Table of contents


1.1     Background to the study

1.2     Statement of the Problem

1.3     Significance of the Study

1.4     Objectives of the Study

1.5     Research Question

1.6     Scope of the Study

1.7     Definition of Terms


2.1     Concept of mother tongue

2.2     The Role of Media in Our Society

2.2.1  Interpreters and Surveillance

2.2.2  Watch Dogs

2.3     The Notion of Interference


3.1     Area of the study

3.2     Research Design

3.3     Population of the Study

3.4     Sample and Sampling Technique

3.5     The Instrument for the Study

3.6     Validation of Instrument

3.7     Administration of the Instrument

3.8     Method of Data Analysis


4.1     Data Analysis/Results Presentation

4.2     Discussion of Findings



5.1     Summary

5.2     Conclusion

5.3     Recommendations






1.1     Background to the study

One of the most important differences between man and animal is man’s ability to speak and make others to understand him. Language is only possible because within each society, people agree to understand a particular pattern of sound in a particular way. For instance, all English speaking countries understand the meaning of the word ‘water’. According to Akindele and Adegbije (1999), language is:

A human phenomenon that has form which can be described in terms of units of sound (phonemes), word, morphemes, phrases, sentences and paragraphs or discourse (1).


This definition shows that language has often been identified as the most unique attribute of man. It is through language that human beings grasp and understand reality and transmit it from one generation to another. On the other hand, Victoria Fromkin and Robert Rodman (1980) quoted Noam Chomsky as saying that:

When we study human language, we are approaching what some might call the human essence. The distributive qualities of mind those are so far as we know unique to man. (1).

Language, which Oyewo Yinka describe as “the medium or vehicle for conveying ideas, a system of arbitrary vocal symbol based on social cooperation; the totality of meaningful utterance in any given society” (15) is by far the most important means of human communication. Moreover, human language is natural. Furthermore, according to Adebayo, (1995) “language (Human language) is one of the chief means by which a person learns to organize his experiences and thoughts”.

Obviously, language is an important tool that enhances human communication and interaction. In fact, it is a vital instrument in cultural transmission and preservation of a social group. Emphatically, it is in a fundamental sense, a crucial tool in the preservation and propagation of the human species. Certainly, an examination of the linguistic content of a particular speech community can provide information about the life style, occupation etc. of a given people.


Moreover, mother tongue is one’s native language. A language besides being the major distinguishing phenomenon between man and other creatures is evidently the most enduring of every people’s cultural heritage.

The English language beings the national official language for the British colonies of which Nigeria is among makes it our second language. Hence, our respective mother tongue exists before colonization. This has necessitated the teaching and learning of the English language and its consequent interference in our mother tongue in various study points nation wide. It is therefore, glaring to state that, Nigeria is a linguistically complex society by the mere fact of the history of its creation.

Naturally, this linguistic heterogeneity promotes the continued use of English in Nigeria. Ethnologic include English amongst its list of Nigeria language this hardly supervising since the role of English language in Nigeria diverse and ubiquitous, especially as a means of intra and inter national communication. It is as a result of the negative effects which the mother tongue had caused the study of English language on the educational structures of the attempt to determine the mother tongue interference in News Broadcast in Akwa Ibom State Broadcasting Cooperation (AKBC).


1.2     Statement of the Problem

Before the advent of British traders, missionaries and colonialists, indigenous Nigerian language defined every aspect of the speech community from its religious, cultural, political, Economics, social to whatever else that can be through of the language functioned effectively to deal with every thing relating to the day existence of the people. The arrival of the British, concomitant with the English language provided a language contact situation with an attempt to a language shift in the population.


New sets of ideas, concepts and values were introduced to the system where indigenous local language had previously been self-sufficient, rendering them inadequate to deal with the new concepts introduced by the British, particularly in the areas of formal education, Western law etc. the result was the initial subtle and later blatant intrusion & influence of English language on domains that were the exclusive preserve of indigenous language.

Now, the English language is generally an accepted language which was introduced into Nigeria through colonialism and missionary activities are now spoken, thought and learned in Nigeria.

Equally, where English language sentence are made, they are characteristically uttered with variation in pitch often referred to as intonation. Indeed, this is often an area of difficulty for second language, users of English language who have tonal? Language as their first language. However, this is one of the major problems encountered by learners of English language.

In addition, other areas of problem encountered are’, Sentence and word stresses, vowel sounds and English suprasegmental of pitch. Therefore, the study intended to identify the effect of mother tongue interference in News Broadcast in Akwa Ibom State Broadcasting Cooperation (AKBC).


1.3     Significance of the Study

This study will help to expose the numerous factors that influence the interference of the study of English language by the mother tongue or native languages. Also, it will also identify the effects of this interference on other study area that are based on the use of the English language as the basic communication.  Furthermore, this study will enable AKBC to identify their problems in English language. In addition, this study will also enable AKBC Broadcasts to understand how to make use of English words especially in pronunciation, intonation and phonetics. Lastly, it will also enable researchers to make more research on the use of English language.


1.4     Objectives of the Study

The purpose of this study is to examine the mother tongue interference in News Broadcasts AKBC.

  • To find out the causes of mother tongue interference in News Broadcast in Akwa Ibom State Broadcasting Cooperation (AKBC).
  • To investigate the qualifications of English researchers in mother tongue interference in News Broadcast in Akwa Ibom State Broadcasting Cooperation (AKBC).
  • To profound solution on the effect of mother tongue interference in News Broadcast in Akwa Ibom State Broadcasting Cooperation (AKBC).


1.5     Research Question

  • Does mother tongue actually interferes on Akwa Ibom State Broadcasting Cooperation (AKBC)?
  • What can be drive to mitigate the adverse effects of mother tongue interference?
  • To what extent does mother tongue influences your pronunciation as a News Broadcast?


1.6     Scope of the Study

This research is the effect of mother tongue interference in News Broadcast in Akwa Ibom State Broadcasting Cooperation (AKBC).


1.7     Definition of Terms

It is imperative to properly define the terms that make the heading of the research topic under study. This will go along way at giving direction to the research work.

Mother Tongue: The native language one first learns to speak before other language.

Interference: In this context, interruption of a language by another especially in pronunciation and intonations.

Anglo-Xason: A person whose ancestors were English. (2) An English person of the period before the Norman Conquest.

Fundamental: Serious and very important affecting the most central and important parts of something. (2) Foundation of reality.

Heterogeneity: Consisting of many different kinds of people or things (2) Uniformity/Alike.

Ethnological: The moral ideas and attitudes that belong to a particular group or society (2) peculiar to a race or nation.

Joselyn Nya

My Name is Joselyn Nya A Publisher in Project Boss Team. I'm a Nigerian I'm a graduate/Educational Researcher. Project Boss Team. We are the best for Project materials and project writing services. Email:

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