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Teaching adults isn’t like teaching children. Traditionally, children are viewed as empty vessels into which teachers can pour knowledge. Parents and teachers try to control the information that goes into the classroom to determine the quality of learning that comes out. Trainers cannot control adults this way. Children have little real world experience upon which to base their learning.

Moreover, adults have a great deal of accumulated experience that can enrich their education. Adults can compare and contrast new knowledge against past learning. What we learn in childhood forms the foundation of what we learn as adults. Our life experiences can add to that, thus creating a substantial reservoir of information. Developing insight into how adults learn helps trainers become more successful.



Just as a good teacher or trainer will have a wide range of methods methods and materials of teaching adult learners at his or her disposal, and know when and where they can be successfully used, learning materials will also be required. Moreover, these will complement the content and the teaching and learning methods, leading to effective achievement of the learning objectives.


However, as a basic rule, Adult educational learning materials should be attractive, interesting, challenging, durable, and economically viable to produce and well organized in terms of content to enhance the learning process.

Some of the methods undoubtedly promote the active participation of learners which is one of the basic goals of adult education.

Some of these are: a) participatory methods developing interaction between instructors and learners, b) heuristic methods by which the trainees elaborate tasks and discover knowledge, c) interrogative methods helping learners to discover what the instructors want to teach d) active methods combining action with consideration and e) exploration and application methods.


The use of these methods depends on the nature of the teaching content, the teaching situation and the group of learners. Their combination can prove effective because it stimulates the motivation of adult learners avoiding monotony.


Materials of Teaching Adult Education

Every teacher needs supplies and resources in order to have a successful classroom. Writing utensils, paper, inspirational wall signs, Diagrams, charts, tables, flow charts, and graphs are all useful objects in a classroom.




Teaching method comprises the principles and methods used by teachers to enable student learning. These strategies are determined partly on subject matter to be taught and partly by the nature of the learner.


Technique deals with the way you teach. Some teach with examples of cat and dog, some use real life incidents and all. It’s techniques which helps people to teach someone in a similar manner. Example – Calculating multiplication with fingers is a technique which can be taught. Methods and materials of teaching adult learners.


Devices are objects a teacher uses to teach adult learners. (i.e. maps, rulers, globes, computers.) Devices which are used for teaching, like machines which use tutorials and stuff, or basically an alternative for someone to be guide in any case whatsoever.



Keep It Relevant

Adult students truly latch onto lessons they feel are relevant. They have to understand how the skills they learn will improve their daily lives. If they believe a lesson will have a measurable impact, they will be far more likely to be engaged and internalize the lesson. Methods and materials of teaching adult learners.

Education resource eLearning Industry recommends considering the “real value in the educational experience you’re providing.” While teaching adults, educators and trainers should consider the real-world impact on how a person works or interacts with family. Also, remind adult students that a math lesson can help them better understand what they do every day or that the course will give them the experience they need to advance in their careers.


Remember Student Backgrounds

In brief, one of the many differences between adult learners and their younger counterparts is experience. Adult education has to draw on the fact that students have far more life experience. This means that your educational content must reflect the level of education they have completed, what their daily lives are like and what they are looking for out of a course.


Integrate Emotion into Lessons

Successfully teaching adults means remembering that these learners often identify more with content that is emotionally driven. Undeniably, this will make your course more relatable and can give positive encouragement and motivation that a student needs to succeed. This can be achieved through storytelling. Draw on real-life experience, whether your own or your students’ experience. Create a visual element to accompany the lesson and attempt to weave interactivity throughout. When content has an emotional connection to adult students, they will pay more attention to the lesson.

In addition, other Key learning techniques include motivation, utilization, interest, stimulus, transfer, logic, immediate application, participation and repetition.



Teaching adult learners can either be a quite rewarding experience or a very frustrating one depending on the method(s) one uses. Moreover, teachers are hoped to benefit from the brief overview of some of the key approaches to teaching adult learners. Thus, it is the duty of each to establish the approach that befits a particular group of adult learners. Methods and materials of teaching adult learners.

There are however other methods that can still be used to teach adult learners: Scaffolding which involves empowering learners with their own authority. Praxis involving the idea of doing while learning and constructivism approach in which learners’ gain deep understanding when they act on new information with their present knowledge and resolve any discrepancies which arise.

Teaching adult learners should therefore be symbiotic, where both parties benefit from the learning experiences. A teacher in this case is simply an adjudicator in a choir of learners.

Joselyn Nya

My Name is Joselyn Nya A Publisher in Project Boss Team. I'm a Nigerian I'm a graduate/Educational Researcher. Project Boss Team. We are the best for Project materials and project writing services. Email: admin@projectboss.com.ng

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