Research Proposals

MARITAL BREAKDOWN AND ITS IMPACTS ON WOMEN IN NIGERIA IN ZAYNAB ALKALI’S THE STILL BORN AND BAUCHI EMECHETA’S THE JOYS OF MOTHERHOOD

MARITAL BREAKDOWN AND ITS IMPACTS ON WOMEN IN NIGERIA IN ZAYNAB ALKALI’S THE STILL BORN AND BAUCHI EMECHETA’S THE JOYS OF MOTHERHOOD

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CERTIFICATION

The undersigned certified that the project entitled. “Marital Breakdown and Its Impacts on Women in Nigeria in Zaynab Alkali’s The Still Born. And Bauchi Emecheta’s The Joys of Motherhood”. Meets the regulations governing the award of the Nigeria Certificate in Education (NCE).

 

Dr. Idorenyin T. Ukut

(Supervisor)                                                  

Dr. Godwin Bassey 

(Head of Department)                                 

Dr. Charles Effiong

(Internal Examiner)      

 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION

1.1       Background to the study        –           –           –           –           –           –           1

1.2       Statement of the problem                   –           –           –           –                       3

1.3       Purpose of the study   –           –           –           –           –           –           –           4

1.4       Significance of the study                    –           –           –           –           –           4

1.5       Research Methodology           –           –           –           –           –           –           5

1.6       Scope and Limitation of the Study-   –       –       –       –      –               –           5

1.7       Delimitation of the study –       –       –       –      –         –       –   –           –           5

1.8       Definition of Terms                –           –           –           –           –           –           6

 

CHAPTER TWO: THE REVIEW  OF LITERATURE             –           –           –           7

 

CHAPTER THREE: ANALYSIS OF ZAYNAB ALKALI’S THE STILL BORN

3.1       Bio-Data of Zaynab Alkali     –           –           –           –           –           –           14

3.2       Plot Analysis of Zaynab Alkali’s The Still Born         –           –           –           17

3.3       Themes in Zaynab Alkali’s The Still Born      –           –           –           –           19

3.4       Styles in Zaynab Alkali’s The Still Born         –           –           –           –           26

3.5       Characterization in Zaynab Alkali’s The Still Born    –           –           –           28

 

CHAPTER FOUR: ANALYSIS OF THE JOYS OF MOTHERHOOD

4.1       Bio-Data of Buchi Emecheta  –           –           –           –           –           –           30

4.2       Plot analysis of Buchi Emecheta’s The Joys of Motherhood  –           –           31

4.3       Themes in Buchi Emecheta’s The Joys of Motherhood          –           –           35

4.4       Styles in Buchi Emecheta’s The Joys of Motherhood –           –           47

4.5       Characterization in Buchi Emecheta’s The Joys of Motherhood        –           48

 

CHAPTER FIVE: SUMMARY, CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATIONS

5.1       Summary-        –           –                       –           –           –           –           –           50

5.2       Conclusion      –                       –           –           –           –           –           –           52

5.3       Recommendations –    –           –           –           –           –           –           –           53

            Work Cited     –           –           –           –           –           –           –           –           55

 

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.1 Background to the Study

According to Statsky Marital breakdown refers to the common process whereby the relationship between a married couples erodes, such that they cannot ordinarily restore their relationship. There are many stages to the process, and each individual goes through the stages at different rates. It is a complex process involving psychology, personal finance, and often religion. It is the breach of domestic anticipation, often leading to a divorce or dissolution of the marital relationship. The Marital breakdown and its impacts on women in Nigeria in Zaynab Alkali’s the still born and Bauchi Emecheta’s the joys of motherhood.

 

Often there are children, in-laws, and other individuals involved in the process. At the end of the process, there may be no relationship left, or there may be a long-term relationship at a distance (254)

The branch of domestic anticipation, often leading to a divorce or dissolution of the marital relationship. May leads to negative effects on the society which include poverty. Also, educational failure, early and risky sexual activity, non-marital childbirth. Earlier marriage of children from these homes, cohabitation, marital discord and divorce. In fact, emotional problems associated with marital breakdown actually increase during young adulthood. Andreas observed that:

For some, marriage turns out to be a loveless entrapment. While for others, marriage is a one miserable long-life experience” (4).  As quoted by Tagwira, “But she stayed for the sake of her children and because marriage was not something that one could just walk away from. Once you get in, you stay … no matter how hard it gets. Always remember that a woman cannot raise a good family without a man by her side… (7).

Taking cue from the above quotations, this study critically explored the ambivalent and paradoxical presentation of marriage breakdown in the selected novels. Namely Zaynab Alkali’s The Still Born and Bauchi Emecheta’s The Joys of Motherhood respectively.

 

MARITAL BREAKDOWN AND ITS IMPACTS ON WOMEN IN NIGERIA IN ZAYNAB ALKALI’S THE STILL BORN AND BAUCHI EMECHETA’S THE JOYS OF MOTHERHOOD

At first glance, Zaynab Alkali’s The Still Born has been analysed by many African critics such as Katjavivi, Ogbeide, and Okeke. These scholars have explored critical issues in marriage failure in African fiction. For example; abusive husbands, infidelity, dysfunctional marriages and divorce among others.

 

However, there is another perspective, which has received little attention, which is the possibility of prototypical and archetypical marriages where marital satisfaction despite some challenges seems to be found. Those who have looked at the critical issues of marriage have mainly focused only on a one dimensional perspective. In this respect, it becomes evident that, much uncertainty still exists about the presentation of holistic and balanced appreciation marital relationships in the African body of literature.

Gilligan and Omage highlight for example, concepts such as non-marital children, cohabitation, advanced ages at first marriage, higher rates of divorce and separation. However, far too little attention has been paid to marriage in the literary works as possible sites for functionality, quality and stability.

 

Hence, it may be evident that this is an almost one-sided view, which is the dysfunctional perspective of marriage without considering the presentation of what authors have presented as exemplary marriages, even in the midst of others who may see it as a loveless entrapment (12-13).

 

Turning to Bauchi Emecheta’s The Joys of Motherhood, some writers have analysed the novel, but from different perspectives as summarised by Mlambo thus:

These writers have explored critical issues of hope in hopeless situations, women in a patriarchal society, resilience, trauma and pragmatic morality.

 

However, such expositions are unsatisfactory as they missed a critical dimension in the available studies. Which is the holistic and balanced presentation of marriage. Thus, creating a paucity of literary criticism on this specific theme, which therefore is an uninvestigated issue that this study sought to investigate. (78)

The two novels proffer what Fincham and Beach  explain with regards to the versions of marriages in Nigeria as the agony, pains and setback that women faced with when their marriage breakdown and It is with this in mind that this study examined Marital Breakdown and it’s Impacts on Women in Nigeria. A Study of Zaynab Alkali’s The Still Born and Bauchi Emecheta’s The Joys of Motherhood.

 

1.2 Statement of the problem

In recent time, the level of marriage breakdown has becoming more alarming in our society. For example on January 26th  2022 when the High Court here in Uyo, Akwa Ibom State seat for the first hearing for the judicial year. The total of six marriages where divorce due to lack of endurance. Love and willingness to keep the marriage from the side of the husband . For example, in the court room one Mrs. Eno Ukpe cried bitterly in the court begging the husband not to break the marital vow.

 

In tears and lamentation, Eno tender the marriage certificate and the ring as she wept altering some words like “who will marry me again after giving birth to six children “  and “where do I even go from here”.

This is what most women in our society, Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria, and Africa are going through in the hand of men as a result of marriage breakdown. Hence, the current study sought to offer a nuanced understanding on the Impacts of marriage breakdown on Women in Nigerian. Study of Zaynab Alkali’s The Still Born and Bauchi Emecheta’s The Joys of Motherhood stability

 

1.3 Purpose of the Study

The main purpose of this study is to examine Marital breakdown and its impacts on women in Nigeria in Zaynab Alkali’s the still born and Bauchi Emecheta’s the joys of motherhood.. Specifically, the study will sort to:

  1. Explore the ways in which marriage is portrayed in the two novels, Zaynab Alkali’s The Still Born and Bauchi Emecheta’s The Joys of Motherhood stability
  2. Examine the representation of marital instability and inequality in the two selected novels; and
  3. Interrogate the causes of marital dissatisfaction and marital breakdown in the two selected novels.

 

1.4 Significance of the study

This study will add to informed ideas to the growing existing literature and how it relates to gender. It helps to inform other studies on gender in fiction about the availability of space for the complementarity of femininity and masculinity in literary works through the use of two theories. Masculinity and Nego-Feminism. This helps make possible a better understanding of the complex interlinking of studies on gender issues. As well as provide valuable information for scholars, researchers. Also, policymakers and academics as well as those who may be interested in the subject of literary presentation of the theme of marriage in the African context.

Furthermore, it is envisaged that the study could encourage readers and researchers. To view the selected texts from a different perspective and comprehend the text from a critical Masculinity and Nego-Feminism lens. Which differ from the generally used viewpoints. The Marital breakdown and its impacts on women in Nigeria in Zaynab Alkali’s the still born and Bauchi Emecheta’s the joys of motherhood.

 

1.5 Research Methodology

The research work will be basically a long essay project and the primary source of data will be Zaynab Alkali’s The Still Born and Bauchi Emecheta’s The Joys of Motherhood. While internet, journals, textbooks, news publications will constitute the secondary source of data for this research work.

 

1.6 Scope and Limitation of the Study

The study will be restricted to investigation into Marital Breakdown and its Impacts on Women in Nigeria. A Study of Zaynab Alkali’s The Still Born and Bauchi Emecheta’s The Joys of Motherhood. The study will focused only on two novels as well as the exploration of one theme in the two literary texts under study

 

 1.7 Delimitations of the study

The findings of the current study will be based on the literary representation of the impact of marriage breakdown. Through the characters’ interactions specifically in The Still Born and Bauchi Emecheta’s. The Joys of Motherhood and the findings may not necessarily be universal to other literary texts of similar thematic concerns.    

 

CONCLUSION

In conclusion, the aim of this research work was to examine marital breakdown and its impacts on women in Nigerian in Emecheta’s The Joys of Motherhood and Alkali’s The Stillborn.

Emecheta and Zaynab Alkali are writers who use their novels to portray the realism and determinism in our African society. They use their literary writings to seek for equality between men and women in our society today.  According to them, African women are treated as second class citizens by their male counterparts.

Women undergoing divorce often exhibit marked emotional liability characterized by euphoria and optimism alternating with anger, irritability. Also, anxiety, loneliness, sadness, depression and suicidality, and associated changes in self-concept and self-esteem.

 

Divorce is generally viewed as a prominent cause of depression in adults. Single mothers (including those who are separated and divorced) have consistently been found to have higher rates of depression and psychiatric illnesses, relative to their married counterparts. Reasons cited include differences in stress and social support.

Non-residential parents (usually women) are particularly likely to experience negative effects of divorce. A pervasive problem is suffering caused by the feeling that they have lost their children, and feelings of inadequacy about their role as a parent. Women undergoing separation and divorce also tend to avoid problems rather than face them, tend not to express their concerns. Thus, are reluctant to seek help (if they do, it is from friends or relatives rather than from professionals).

Like most African female writers, Emecheta and Alkali frowns at and condemn the frustration caused by men. In The Joys of Motherhood and The Stillborn for instance, they portray how Li and Fabu are betrayed by her husbands who abandon them with children for another women (85). Their novels are now directed at changing the roles and images that African tradition and their male counterparts assigned to them.

Their works involve changing some beliefs and myths that are responsible for women’s predicaments in Africa even till date. They also portray the African women in real life situation that is, as courageous, independent, determined and a very good source from which their husbands get advice and support as seen in the major characters under investigation.

 

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Joselyn Nya

My Name is Joselyn Nya A Publisher in Project Boss Team. I'm a Nigerian I'm a graduate/Educational Researcher. Project Boss Team. We are the best for Project materials and project writing services. Email: admin@projectboss.com.ng

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