Research Proposals

LIBRARY RESOURCES UTILIZATION AND ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE AMONG STUDENTS OF ECONOMICS IN SECONDARY SCHOOLS

LIBRARY RESOURCES UTILIZATION AND ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE AMONG STUDENTS OF ECONOMICS IN SECONDARY SCHOOLS

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TABLE OF CONTENTS

Title Page

Certification

Dedication

Acknowledgements

Abstract

Table of Contents

 

CHAPTER ONE              –                   INTRODUCTION

1.1 Background to the study

1.2 Statement of the problem

1.3     Purpose of the study

1.4     Research Questions

1.5     Research Hypotheses

 

1.6     Significance of the study

1.7     Delimitation of the study

1.8     Limitation of the study

1.9     Operational Definition of Terms

 

CHAPTER TWO     –        REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE

CHAPTER THREE           –        RESEARCH METHODS

3.1     Area of the study

3.2     Research design

3.3     Population of the Study

3.4     Sample and Sampling Techniques

3.5     Instrumentation

3.6     Validation of Instrument

 

3.7     Reliability of the instrument

3.8     Administration of the Instrument

3.9     Scoring of the Instrument

3.10   Method of Data Analysis

 

CHAPTER FOUR

DATA ANALYSIS AND DISCUSSION OF FINDINGS

4.1     Presentation of Data

4.2     Discussion of Findings

 

CHAPTER FIVE

SUMMARY, RECOMMENDATIONS AND CONCLUSION

5.1     Summary

5.2     Recommendations

5.3     Conclusion

5.4     Suggestion for the further studies

References

Appendix

 

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.1 Background to the Study

School libraries in educational institutions such as pre-primary, primary, secondary and higher institutions are important to the life-wire and foundational up-bringing of children. This is because the school library primarily stock materials which are of interest and developmental growth for young teenagers and youths of the era. These materials encompassed e-library materials such as internet facilities, e-books, and audio-visual materials and other printed materials such as textbooks, newspaper, journals amongst others (Rosag, 2020 and Edeghere, 2021).

However, the collection of library materials to an extent makes provisions for teachers and students to utilize them in the teaching and learning process. These materials are usually utilized by teachers during lesson preparation and are used by students for explanation of learnt concepts as well as doing of assignment.

 

LIBRARY RESOURCES UTILIZATION AND ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE AMONG STUDENTS OF ECONOMICS IN SECONDARY SCHOOLS

School libraries are also known as learning laboratory for the schools. They provide total learning package required by the students and their teachers.

School library is the collection of wide variety of library material and resources housed in each school, centrally organized by staff, professionally prepared to offer service to the students and teachers that will enrich and support the educational enterprises.

Similarly, Harold (2020) is of the view that a school library is an organized collection of books placed in a school for use by both the teachers and the students, schools library can also be said as a miniaturized intellectual power house or information center found in primary schools, secondary schools and teacher training colleges. It is a stepping stone towards a child’s intellectual development.

 

In another related study, Jonathan, (2022) sees library as a store house of knowledge. It is a respiratory of information and information source. A library collects, organizes, stores and disseminates information. Thus, it is a resource centre for students, teachers, researchers and others. Library resources utilization and academic performance among students of economics in secondary schools.

The major purpose of the library is to provide information, thus it is a respiratory of human experience not subject to barriers of space and time. Library is one of those resources which are essential to support and strengthen the educational quality. Over the centuries, libraries are the source of keeping and distributing the information through books, journals, maps and other resources that are used by students in their learning process.

Unfortunately, libraries are the most ignored area in institutions of teacher education. There is hardly any disagreement that libraries in our institutions are deficient in trained professional staff and material available for supporting student learning.

 

Library resources i.e., printed and e-resources, physical resources (library study space, chairs, tables, books and books selves), human resources (strength of library officials, their qualifications and experiences) are essentially important in preparing teaching activities, notes, students’ assignment, conducting their research work, accessing e-journals and web sites, subscription to online journals by teachers and students.

Students reading habit can be traced to childhood days when an individual starts to communicate with books and humans alike, also students with poor reading habit would not likely read even in the school Library, even if they are forced to do so (Anyadike, 2023).

In related study by Mbaise, (2014) on availability and utilization of library resources revealed that students perform better when they frequently use the school Library than when they do not and also that participation in information and library-related activities (for example, using the library website to find academic resources, asking librarians for help, etc.) were positively and moderately correlated with student engagement in other areas.

 

Similarly, social science subjects (Economics inclusive) are subject that have numerous abstract concepts unlike science and vocational subjects making it to have voluminous notes which therefore require effective reading of text (print and non-print) by the students before there could be easy understanding of the subjects.

 

Based on this, Nicholson, (2023), examined the association between library use and students’ academic performance in government in secondary schools and concluded that the utilization of these resources influence the academic performance of students in Government.

Consequently, the lack of data collection leads to a shortage of studies examining the association between library use and student outcome. These therefore create a gap for this study to fill. It is therefore based on this background that the study investigated library resources utilization and academic performance among students of economics in secondary schools.

 

1.2 Statement of the problem

Successfully management and realization of objectives of teaching and learning to a large extent can be attributed to many factors. Some of these factors include availability of the resources such as library resources and human resources as well as effective utilization of these resources.

Equally, the role of the library resources as an integral part of teaching/learning in the school system cannot be over emphasized. This is to say that the school will be grossly incomplete where the library resources for students to read and do their assignment and other researchers are not achievable or adequate. Library resources utilization and academic performance among students of economics in secondary schools.

 

Interestingly, as important as library resources is in the teaching learning process, Amos (2014) have observed that there is serious inadequacy and underutilization of library resources in the secondary school system in Nigeria and specifically in Akwa Ibom State  thereby influencing the teaching effectiveness of the teachers.

Similarly, the chief examiner of West African Council Examination (WACE) in 2016 reported that out of the total candidates who sat for the examination in 2016/2017 session only 40.23% obtained five credits and above including mathematics and English Language.

The chief examiner attributed this to several factors such as lack of teaching and learning resources, school variables and home environmental variables amongst others (Essien 2017). This trigger the researcher’s interest to examine library resources utilization and academic performance among students of economics in secondary schools.

 

1.3     Purpose of the study

This study aimed to examine library resources utilization and academic performance among students of economics in secondary schools. Specifically, the study sought to:

  • Investigate the influence of printed library resources on academic performance among students of Economics in secondary schools.
  • Investigate the influence of electronic library resources on academic performance among students of Economics in secondary schools.

 

1.4     Research Questions

The following research questions were stated to guide the study in line with the purpose of the study:

  • To what extent does the academic performance among Economics students who utilize printed library resources differs from those who do not utilize printed library resources?
  • To what extent does the academic performance among Economics students who utilize electronic library resources differs from those who do not utilize electronic library resources?

 

1.5     Research Hypotheses

The following null hypotheses were formulated to guide the study:

  • There is no significant difference between the academic performance among Economics students who utilize printed library resources and those who do not utilize printed library resources
  • There is no significant difference between the academic performance among Economics students who utilize electronic library resources and those who do not utilize electronic library resources

 

1.6     Significance of the study

This study when completed will be beneficial to students, teachers, parents, guardian and the government to the study, the study will help them to see the importance of library resources in the teaching/learning of Economics in secondary schools.

To parents and guardians, this study sought will help them to appreciate the importance of the provision of library at home for their children. This will also induce them to join hands with the government in providing library resources to schools so as to sustain the teaching of secondary subjects. Library resources utilization and academic performance among students of economics in secondary schools.

 

The study will also help the government to understand the place of library resources in development of students learning process. This will make them to provide all necessary material and human resources library resources and renovate the old ones to function effectively.

It may also serve as a reference index in a review of related literature to students of education who may wish to take-up further research in the area of library resources and other related field.

 

Operational Definition of Terms 

The following terms were operationally defined as used in the study:

Library Resources: These are those materials that are in the library which the users or the students consult in making references for their study and also for problems solving. Examples are printed resources, electronic resources, physical resources and human resources

Printed Library Resources: means any publication, document, or record including, but not limited to, the following: newspapers, magazines, books, photographs and drawings.

Electronic Library Resources: E-library resources are the use of internet and digital technologies to create experiences that educate teachers and students. They provide students with audio and visual experiences by appealing to the hearing and seeing senses at the same time. Examples include; laptop computer, television, overhead projector, slide projector, e-books amongst others.

 

Library: This is an organized collection of books placed in the school for use by both teachers and the students.

Academic Performance: This is referred to the output of the learners with regards to test, assignment and examination in Economics.

Students: These are the group of individuals that receive education or teaching or a group of people learners who are learning and have been impact upon by the teachers.

Economics: This is a science which studies human behaviour as the relationship between the end and scare means which has alternative uses.

 

Conclusion

On the basis of the foregone study, the researcher hereby concludes that judging by the significance of Library resources in the teaching learning process in secondary schools all effort should be made to ensure the availability, and efficient utilization of Library resources as it increase teaching effectiveness of Economics teachers in secondary schools. Library resources utilization and academic performance among students of economics in secondary schools.

In addition,  based on the findings, the study concludes that there is a significant difference in academic performance among Economics students who utilize printed library resources and those who do not utilize printed library resources. The findings also revealed a significant difference in the academic performance among Economics students who utilize electronic library resources and those who do not utilize electronic library resources.

 

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Ikemesit

Ikemesit Akpan is my name. I am a Nigerian author. I work with projectboss.com.ng. I'm a researcher and a writer of academic research. ikemesitetukapan20233@gmail.com

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