Research Proposals

LEARNING SKILLS AND ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE IN ECONOMICS AMONG SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS

LEARNING SKILLS AND ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE IN ECONOMICS AMONG SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS

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CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

Background to the Study

Indeed, learning is an important exercise in human life. The process of learning starts from infancy and ends only at death. Learning however does not occur on its own. It results from a series of interaction with people or things in our immediate environment and beyond. It helps man to acquire skills which he can adapt to and even change his environment.

Parents send their children to school because they believe that the school can transmit desirable attitudes skills, knowledge, behaviors etc. to the children. The government funds public schools because it hopes by so doing the society will have citizens that are productive and self reliant that have a positive attitude towards fellow citizens, public and private property: that will shun crime and live peacefully with others and that can bring social progress. Learning skills and academic performance in economics among secondary school students.

According to Kosemani and Ituen,(2009) reading is basic to meaningful learning. It creates opportunities for academic growth and promotes the development of insight into life.

 

Essentially, the professional goal of all teachers is to enhance and promote effective learning among their students. Effectiveness in teaching will be an illusion if learners are not ready to learn, if there is no corresponding change in their behaviours as well as improvement in their academic performance in schools.

There has been public outcry on the abysmal performance of students in school examinations. in fact, the poor performance of students in school has assumed frightening proportion and is worrisome. Specifically, the big question is what factors are responsible for the continuous poor performance of students in school?. Does it mean that teachers are not teaching well?. Are parents not providing for the basic educational needs of their wards any longer? Is the government paying lip-service to the educational sector?. It is absolutely true that   even if afore-mentioned stakeholders in the educational industry have perfectly played their respective roles the problem will still remain if the students as learners do not play their corresponding roles namely reading and studying.

It may be interesting to recall that there a was a time when students were great readers. They were voracious and ardent readers, reading every printed material that comes their ways. It was time students did not read because they had examinations to write, or they read in order to record resounding success at interviews.

 

LEARNING SKILLS AND ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE IN ECONOMICS AMONG SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS

Students permanently devoted their time to reading so as to deepen their understanding of their world around them.  Students did not just parade themselves as students, but to be students was synonymous with reading. Learning skills and academic performance in economics among secondary school students.

Reading had formed an integral part of student’s life such that a student felt lost any day he or she failed to read novel or any printed material. Students were not afraid of examinations. It was a pride to be a student, thus students earned respect and honour from members of the society. What is the situation today? All these have changed. The wave of technological advancement in our society has swept away the culture of reading among our youths.

 

In an age where internet browsing of social media platforms, watching football matches and playing with funky handsets seem to be the in-thing among the youths, reading a good book in a quiet corner of the school libraries had become an archaic idea. Empty school libraries are a silent witness to this dreary picture. They present a black picture of the depletion of avid readers who used to flock libraries after school hours and during free periods and in between classes. Charity (2006) sees learning Skills as plans or the techniques a learner implore to achieve the desire learning outcome and to maximize his or her learning process.

 

In addition, learning Skills could be described as bad or good. Bad learning Skills make the process of acquiring knowledge, skills and idea very rigorous. They tend to waste the learners’ energy, effort and time.

Learning Skills have a simple structure by using which the learners would be able to learn the educational materials more quickly, understand than better and more importantly, to memories it for a longer period of time. The learner applying engage in learning process, will actively engage in learning process, will link new materials with their earlier information and will constantly monitor their learning process.

 

Statement of the Problem

Continuous decline in the performance of senior secondary school students in public examinations have heightened the anxiety of every stakeholders in education with the teacher and the learners at the centre of challenge. This poor academic performance of students in school mostly in Ibiono Ibom Local Government Area, has worked against the realization of the goals and objectives of the learning process.

 

Purpose of the Study

The main purpose of this study is to determine Learning Skills and academic performance in Economics among secondary students. Specifically, the study sought to:

  • Determine the difference between academic performance of Economics students between those exposed to cooperative learning skills and those exposed to individualized learning skills
  • Determine the differences between academic performances of Economics students exposed to competitive learning skills and those exposed to individualized learning skills.

 

Significance of the Study

This study will be of immense benefit to students, parents, teachers and the society at large.

  1. To students, it is hoped the result of this study will help them to adopt better learning Skills that will help them perform better in their academic. By seeing the importance of certain learning Skills, they will be in a better position to understand themselves in continued face of performance.
  2. The result of this study will help teachers to understand more and will find it easy to deal with different categories of learners since each of this learners adopt different learning Skills in enhancing their performance in school.
  3. The result will be of help to parent as it would improve their relationship with their children since parents are in a better position to understand their children with consideration.

 

Research Questions

  1. To what extent does the academic performance of Economics students that are exposed to cooperative learning skills and those exposed to individualized learning skills?
  2. To what extent does the academic performance of Economics students exposed to competitive learning skills differ from those exposed to individualized learning skills

 

Research Hypotheses

  1. There is no significant difference in the academic performance of Economics students exposed to cooperative learning skills and those exposed to individualized leaning skills.
  2. There is no significant difference in the academic performance of Economics students exposed to competitive learning skills and those exposed to individualized leaning skills.

 

Limitation of the Study

Financial constraint was the major limitation which hampers the effective movement of the researcher during data acquisition. Also, insufficient reference materials constituted a great limitation to the study

 

Definition of Terms

Cooperative Learning Skills: In brief, this is a situation which two or more people collectively learn or attempt to learn some concept together. Learning skills and academic performance in economics among secondary school students.

Individualized learning: This is a personalized form of learning. It involves a student depending on his own self-regulatory process between the learners’ environment and his performance.

Competitive Learning Skills: Competitive learning Skill is defined as a learning Skill in which learners compete in order to receive a minimum reward.

Learning Skills: This is a plan or techniques that learners implores to achieve the desired learning outcome.

 

Conclusion

The study was carefully investigated the influence of learning Skill on academic performance in Economics among secondary school students in Ibiono Ibom Local Government Area. It was therefore ascertained in the study that learning Skill has a significant influence on the academic performance on Economics as well as corporative learning Skill. Also student who involve in competitive learning Skill can equally better their performance academically. Hence, based on the research hypothesis of this study, the following conclusions were drawn:

  • There is a significant influence of co-operative learning Skill and academic performance in Economics.
  • There is a significant influence of individualized learning Skill and academic performance in Economics.
  • There is a significant influence of competitive learning Skill and academic performance in Economics.

 

POINTS FOR FURTHER READING

What are the factors affecting teaching and learning of economics in secondary schools?

The objectives of learning economics in secondary school?

What are the factors affecting academic performance in secondary education?

What is the study of economics in secondary school about?

 

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Joselyn Nya

My Name is Joselyn Nya A Publisher in Project Boss Team. I'm a Nigerian I'm a graduate/Educational Researcher. Project Boss Team. We are the best for Project materials and project writing services. Email: admin@projectboss.com.ng

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