Research Proposals

KNOWLEDGE PREVALENCE AND AWARENESS OF CORONA VIRUS EPIDEMIC IN NIGERIA

KNOWLEDGE, PREVALENCE AND AWARENESS OF CORONA VIRUS EPIDEMIC IN NIGERIA

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TABLE OF CONTENTS

Title page

Declaration

Certification

Dedication

Acknowledgement

Abstract          –           –           –           –           –           –           –           –           –           vi

Table of content-         –           –           –           –           –           –           –           –           vii

CHAPTER ONE- INTRODUCTION

1.1       Background to the study

1.2       Statement of the problem

1.3       Objective of the study

1.4       Significance of the study

1.5       Research Question

 

1.6       Hypothesis of the study

1.7       Scope of the Study

1.8       Limitation of the study

1.9       Definition of Terms

 CHAPTER TWO – REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE

CHAPTER THREE – RESEARCH METHODOLOGY

3.1       Study Design

3.2       Study Area

3.3       Sources of Data

3.4       Population of the study

3.5       Sampling technique

 

3.6       Sampling size

3.7       Instrumentation

3.8       Reliability

3.9       Validity

3.10     Method of Data Collection

3.11     Method of Data Analysis

 

CHAPTER FOUR – PRESENTATION OF DATA AND ANALYSIS

4.1       Demographic Distribution

4.2       Discussion of Findings

           

CHAPTER FIVE – CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS

5.1       Conclusions

5.2       Recommendations

References

 

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.1       Background to the study

The emergence and global spread of corona virus disease has undoubtedly left the world helpless and overwhelmed. Moreover, according to WHO, the virus remains a public health emergency of international concern. Undeniably, this pandemic has tremendously overwhelmed countries with the state-of the-art health infrastructural facilities, leaving developing and underdeveloped countries with weak health infrastructures grappling for help from international bodies and few wealthy citizens.

However, globally coronavirus has claimed thousands of lives, with the Asia and European countries recording larger number of deaths. As at May 2020, United States had recorded over 100,000 deaths as a result of complications arising from COVID-19, with thousands over a million of its citizens testing positive to COVID-19.

Similarly, Spain and Italy within a space of three (3) months had recorded over 170,000 deaths respectively as a result of Corona virus infection. This has undeniably been overwhelming for the medical personnel as well as the respective government officials of the nations of the world.

 

KNOWLEDGE PREVALENCE AND AWARENESS OF CORONA VIRUS EPIDEMIC IN NIGERIA

The global health guidelines to curtail the spread of this pandemic include physical and social distancing, compulsory wearing of face mask, personal hygiene as well as lockdown order. Subsequently, the implementation of strict quarantine measures and “stay at home” measures in Nigeria has kept a large number of people in isolation and affected many aspects of people’s lives. Thus, the effects could range from financial distress, loneliness, emotional to social difficulties.

It is also likely to trigger a wide variety of psychological disorders, such as panic disorder, anxiety and depression. Nigeria, a developing country, operates an economy where a good number of its citizens depend on daily income through petty economic activities. The government’s “lock-down order” met a lot of Nigerians unawares as many were yet to come in terms and understand the nature and consequences of the spread of Corona virus disease. The knowledge prevalence and awareness of corona virus epidemic in Nigeria. 

 

In addition, one of the challenges that comes with curtailing the Corona virus disease is that an infected person might not show symptoms until up to 14 days thereby fueling dis-beliefs among some individuals and communities about the existence and spread of this deadly disease, consequently strengthening the weak health belief structure of Nigerians.

 

Opalowo (2016) documented the Nigerian health beliefs to be traditional, with most tending to seeking spirituality and help from God (Supreme being) to keep healthy and protect them from diseases. This often leads to neglect of preventive measures and precautions. The knowledge prevalence and awareness of corona virus epidemic in Nigeria.

Furthermore, social isolation and loneliness have been studied extensively in literatures, with numerous studies showing that both have negative mental and physical health consequences (Holt Lunstad, Smith, Baker, Harris and Stephenson, 2021).

 

Similarly, the factors that place people at risk of social isolation and loneliness have been studied extensively, such as old age and environmental factors (Pinquart and Sorensen, 2021).

Moreover, the need to recognize and address impacts of social isolation and loneliness on the well-being and mental health of individuals is paramount in the period under review.

In Nigeria, the federal and state governments allocated funding for social welfare and palliatives to alleviate citizen’s sufferings as a result of the lockdown order. As part of this initiative, indigent citizens were paid some amount of money to cater for their needs during the period.

 

1.2       Statement of the problem

The Corona virus pandemic ravaging the entire humanity has triggered severe threats to people’s physical health and lives, presenting a multiplicity of psychological challenges such as panic disorder, anxiety and depression. Already, there are reports across the Nigeria of a substantial psychological impact of both the outbreak and the response on the population.

Moreover, the psychological impact of COVID-19 disease and associated lockdown measures which includes travel restrictions, the mandatory closure of schools, non-essential commercial activities and industries has been identified as one with potential implications for public health, including people’s mental health (WHO, 2020).

According to literature, plague and disease such as COVID-19 can be detrimental with long lasting psychosocial consequences on global population, due to fear, anxiety, social isolation and misinformation associated with the virus this therefore motivate the present research to investigate into the knowledge, prevalence and awareness of corona virus epidemic in Nigeria.

 

1.3       Objective of the study

The main objective of this study is to explore knowledge, prevalence and awareness of corona virus epidemic in Nigeria. Specifically, our goal is to:

  1. Assess the level of knowledge and awareness of corona virus epidemic in Nigeria.
  2. Evaluate the prevalence of corona virus epidemic in Nigeria.
  3. Identify key challenges and opportunities for improving the effectiveness of management of Corona Virus epidemic in Nigeria.

 

1.4       Significance of the study

The clinical syndrome is nonspecific, which makes it clinically indistinguishable from other viral respiratory illnesses. Some patients may even be asymptomatic. Due to low specificity, laboratory tests may not be useful in establishing the diagnosis of COVID-19.

 

However, they can help appraise the clinical condition of a patient and may be indicative of COVID-19, resulting in further testing with polymerase chain reaction and radiologic studies. Moreover,  some laboratory findings have been related to severe 2019 novel corona virus pneumonia and may require admission to intensive care unit or mechanical ventilation or may lead to death. The knowledge prevalence and awareness of corona virus epidemic in Nigeria.

In addition, the knowledge of symptoms, laboratory findings, and imaging aspects is of paramount importance for all physicians, including ones from diverse backgrounds as surgeons, who are called to face COVID-19 disease in their daily practice as well. Also, as far as the plastic and reconstructive surgery field is concerned, to date, no certain direct impact of COVID-19 on body soft tissues, including mammary, has been reported.

 

1.5       Research Question

Following the objective of the study, the study will answer the following questions

  1. What is the level of knowledge and awareness of corona virus epidemic in Nigeria?
  2. What is the prevalence of corona virus epidemic in Nigeria?
  3. What are the key challenges and opportunities for improving the effectiveness of management of corona virus epidemic in Nigeria?

 

1.6       Hypothesis of the study

The following hypotheses were formulated and tested by the study

H1:      There is no relationship between the level of knowledge and awareness of corona virus and the epidemic of the virus

H2:      There is relationship between the prevalence of corona virus epidemic in Nigeria and the epidemic of the virus.

H3:      There is relationship between the challenges and opportunities for improving the effectiveness of management of corona virus epidemic in Nigeria

 

Definition of Terms

Corona virus: Corona viruses are a large family of viruses that cause illness ranging from the common cold to more severe diseases such as Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS-CoV) and Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS-CoV). A novel corona virus is a new strain that has not been previously identified in humans.

Prevalence: The proportion of individuals in a population having a disease or characteristic. Prevalence is a statistical concept referring to the number of cases of a disease that are present in a particular population at a given time, whereas incidence refers to the number of new cases that develop in a given period of time.

Knowledge: The fact or state of knowing; the perception of fact or truth; clear and certain mental apprehension.

Awareness: In brief, the quality or state of being awareknowledge and understanding that something is happening or exists.

 

Conclusions   

In conclusion, with limited time and resources to devote toward corona virus control, it is crucial that management efforts are focused on techniques that actually lead to reductions in corona virus in a given area. Additionally, it is important to identify areas in which the level of awareness of the techniques of management will not be an effective corona virus control technique and to focus control resources elsewhere for those communities. The knowledge prevalence and awareness of corona virus epidemic in Nigeria.

Moreover, the creation of an educational program on management techniques for corona virus control, paired with incentives or regulations, could lead to significant increases in community participation in effective techniques.

Therefore, the program should concentrate on teaching participants about corona virus ecology, clarifying which environmental management techniques effectively lower those that are ineffective, and stressing the importance of community participation and cooperation in the success of this form of corona virus control.  In addition, with greater knowledge and participation, environmental management could result in lasting, sustainable reductions in corona virus burden for many communities in Nigeria.

 

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Joselyn Nya

My Name is Joselyn Nya A Publisher in Project Boss Team. I'm a Nigerian I'm a graduate/Educational Researcher. Project Boss Team. We are the best for Project materials and project writing services. Email: admin@projectboss.com.ng

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